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Tom Brake: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much (a) income was derived from and (b) expenditure was incurred by each local authority on parking in financial years (i) 200304 and (ii) 200405, broken down by (A) charges and (B) penalties. 
Total income and expenditure on parking by local authorities in England in 200304 is shown in the following table. Separate statistics on income derived by local authorities from parking charges and parking penalties are not collected centrally. I have arranged for a table giving a breakdown by authority to be placed in the Libraries of the House.
13 Jun 2005 : Column 25W
|Total income||1 ,094,464|
|Net current expenditure||-439,125|
Derek Twigg: The rail industry is continually working together to make young people aware of the dangers of trespass on the railway. National and local campaigns are run regularly, particularly leading up to and during the summer holidays. The design of modern rolling stock also makes surfing more difficult than it once was.
Dr. Pugh: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what estimate he has made of the maximum number of people that could be carried each weekday on an unbroken direct rail route between (a) London and Manchester and (b) London and Liverpool; and how many he estimates could be carried in standard class in each case. 
Derek Twigg: Current services make intermediate stops. The weekday timetable from 13 June 2005 provides (both directions): 65 services between London and Manchester (excluding those via Birmingham), offering 28,730 seats (of which 19,240 are in Standard class), and 30 services between London and Liverpool, offering 13,260 seats (of which 8,880 are in Standard class).
From 13 June the morning business train departing Liverpool at 0708 will call only at Runcorn and will have a journey time of 2 hours 12 minutes compared with the equivalent at present of 2 hours 20 minutes.
Hugh Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether home owners who suffer (a) noise pollution and (b) vibration damage following the introduction of the high speed line on the North Kent Coast line in 2009 will be eligible for compensation. 
Derek Twigg: The new rolling stock that will be introduced in Kent from 2009 will operate at speeds of up to 140 mph on the channel tunnel rail link and at slower speeds on the existing network, including the North Kent Coast.
Householders who are affected by noise from new or altered railway lines are entitled to noise compensation
13 Jun 2005 : Column 26W
and amelioration measures on the same basis as householders who live next to new roads. However, there is no provision for compensation or abatement measures when use of a railway line intensifies or changes. Successive Governments have taken the view that those who choose to live adjacent to roads or railways do so in the knowledge that the volume or composition of the traffic may change, and that the householder must therefore bear that risk.
Paul Flynn: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what assessment he has made of the effect on road safety of unauthorised advertisements displayed on (a) motorway bridges and (b) adjacent fields. 
Dr. Ladyman: Studies have been carried out which attempt to relate the presence of roadside advertisements and other potential distractions to road accidents. However, it is difficult to derive a direct causal relationship because accidents are relatively infrequent, and often are the result of many factors. The Highways Agency does not allow advertising to be placed on its motorway bridges. The placing of roadside advertising alongside the motorway but sited on private land is a matter for the local planning authorities. If consulted, the Highways Agency assesses the impact and likely safety consequences for each case on its merits and reports its findings to the local planning authority.
Tim Farron: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what research his Department has (a) commissioned and (b) evaluated on the safety of the junction at Greenodd on the A590 in Cumbria; and if he will take steps to ensure (i) a lower speed limit and (ii) a roundabout are introduced at the junction. 
Dr. Ladyman: Safety at the A590 Greenodd Junction is continually assessed, and the Highways Agency has made a number of improvements to the geometry of the junction in recent years with a view to improving safety. Further improvements to the junction are currently under consideration, and the Agency has agreed to review the case for a roundabout. There are no plans to reduce the current 70mph speed limit.
David Davis: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many people (a) were seriously injured and (b) died in road traffic accidents in the East Riding of Yorkshire in each of the past five years. 
Mr. Salmond: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will initiate a review of legislation governing the use of vehicles for school transport contracts which do not have safety belts fitted. 
Dr. Ladyman: I refer the hon. Member to my reply to the hon. Member for Lagan Valley (Mr. Donaldson) on 24 May 2005, Official Report, column 539. Furthermore, schools or local authorities entering into contracts for the supply of school transport with bus operators can specify within their contracts that they will only accept proposals based on vehicles fitted with seat belts.
Mr. Amess: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many speed cameras there are in Southend, West; and how much money was raised in fines for each of them in each of the last three years. 
Dr. Ladyman: The Department only holds the requested information at Safety Camera Partnership level and I refer the Hon Member to the answer given him today (UIN 398). Detailed information is available from partnerships, unless relating to police operational matters.
Dr. Ladyman: This information is only available for 19992003 and is set out in the following tables that have been provided by the Home Office. These contain fine revenue from all speed cameras, therefore including enforcement outside of the National Safety Camera Programme. The increase in the number of penalties issued reflects in part the wider coverage of cameras with the national rollout of the Safety Camera Programme. The programme began with a pilot which included six police force areas in England in 2000. National rollout commenced in 2001. The number of police force areas taking part in the programme had increased to 24 in April 2002 and to 36 by the end of 2003.
|Fixed penalties||Court proceedings|
|Offence and year||Number of tickets (3)||Estimated revenue (£)(4)||Number of fines||Total amount of fine (£)||Average fine(5)|
|Fixed penalties||Court proceedings|
|Offence and year||Number of tickets (7)||Estimated revenue (£)(8)||Number of fines||Total amount of fine (£)||Average fine(9)|
Dr. Ladyman [holding answer 9 June 2005]: The Department only holds the requested information at Safety Camera Partnership level. However, I refer the hon. Member to my answer of 9 June 2005, Official Report, columns 61719W. Further detailed information is available from partnerships.
Dr. Ladyman: In its operational case for 200506, the Humberside Safety Camera Partnership submitted for approval one new mobile safety camera site. The operational case is currently being assessed by the Department.
The effectiveness of the national safety camera programme is independently reviewed regularly and the reports are available in the Library and on the Department's web site. The review of the first three years' operation of the programme, published on 15 June 2004, concluded that safety cameras had reduced the number of people killed or seriously injured at camera sites by 40 per cent. A fourth year report, reflecting the rollout of the programme to thirty-five safety camera partnerships, is in preparation.
Evaluations have been published on a number of other individual speed reduction methods over recent years, including traffic calming measures and vehicle activated signs. These evaluations have helped to develop guidance and best practice which is set out in traffic advisory leaflets and other publications. The published evaluations are listed in Traffic Advisory Leaflet 2/05 Traffic Calming Bibliography, available in the Library and on the Department's web site.
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