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Mr. Hoban: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills pursuant to her answer of 7 June 2005, Official Report, column 472W, on bullying, what the (a) membership, (b) funding for 200506 from her Department and (c) terms of reference are of the (i) Youth Crime Programme Board, (ii) Crime Reduction Delivery Board, (iii) Penalty Notices for Disorder operational working group, (iv) Prolific and Other Priority Offenders Programme Board and (v) Safer Schools Partnership steering group; what work each has commissioned; and how often each have met since being established. 
(a) Membershipchaired by DfES, YCPB brings together key stakeholders from across DfES: Preventing Youth Offending; Improving Behaviour and Attendance Unit; Looked After Children; Positive Programmes; Offenders Learning and Skills Unit; Families Division and PSHE and Citizenship. Home Office: Head of Youth Crime; Juvenile Offenders Unit; Treatment of Young People and Drugs Unit; Violent Crime and Crime Reduction. Youth Justice Board: Director of Policy. Government Offices for the Regions and Department of Health.
(d) Work commissionedThe main purpose of the board is not to commission work but to ensure that relevant Government policies are joined up. However, the board have also commissioned work to look at the risks associated with the onset of offending and how DfES' existing policies impact on these. It also proposed an anti-robbery week in schools called 'Stay Safe' which subsequently took place in January 2005.
(a) Membershipchaired by the Home Office, is a cross-departmental group of officials and stakeholders established in May 2003 to drive forward and give strategic focus to multi-agency efforts to reduce all forms of crime, including anti-social behaviour. This group includes representatives from frontline delivery services as well as Department of Health, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, the Youth Justice Board, DfES and others.
(d) Work commissionedfrom time to time commissions papers or work from Board members. Recent commissions have included work that led to the establishment of the Prolific and Other Priority Offenders Strategy, a report on knife crime leading to the inclusion of knife crime measures in the Violent Crime Reduction Bill currently before Parliament, and the work on alcohol fuelled crime, which has led to the recent initiatives by the licensed trade around promotions such as happy hours.
(a) Membershiprepresentatives from the seven police forces taking part in the pilot, representatives from DfES, Department of Health, Crown Prosecution Service, Children's Society, Department for Constitutional Affairs, Youth Justice Board and Police Information Technology Organisation.
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(d) Work commissionedcommissioned the Penalty Notices for Disorder tickets template, the draft operational guidance and an evaluation report (both quantitative and qualitative) from Research, Development & Statistics (RDS). The RDS report will cover the first year of the 1015s PNDs being issued and will produce an interim report after six months and a final report at the end of the first year.
(e) How often metfirst met on 6 February 2004, and has met five times since then (March, July, October, December 2004 and February 2005. The May 2005 meeting has recently been rescheduled for August.
(a) Membershipchaired by Leigh Lewis, Home Office Permanent Secretary for Crime, Policing, Counter Terrorism and Delivery. Membership comprises senior representation from the key stakeholders involved in delivering the strategy. Attendees are from a sufficiently high level so as to ensure they have the full authority to take decisions on behalf of the organisation they represent.
(c) Terms of referenceto provide strategic leadership to implement the Prolific and other Priority Offenders strategy; ensuring that risks are identified and actively managed and taking proactive steps to identify and correct blockages at a senior level across all stakeholders.
(d) Work commissionedhas ensured that all areas of England and Wales have set up a Prolific and other Priority Offenders scheme and that the schemes are actively engaging with their client groups to reduce crime. The board has ensured that this has been delivered locally through mainstream resources.
(a) Membershipattended by the projects' partners; the Home Office, Youth Justice Board and ACPO (Association of Chief Police Offices), ConfEd (Confederation of Education and Children's Services Managers), Local Government Association, police officers and head teachers.
(c) Terms of referenceThe original terms of reference for the steering group in 2002 were to oversee the development and implementation of the Safer School Partnerships (police in schools) strand of the Behaviour Improvement Package. This aims to agree
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partnerships involving 100 police officers based in schools by end September 2002. These are to be in police force areas among the 10 high crime" areas in England. This has been delivered and more recent figures show that there are now over 400 SSPs across England.
There is no requirement on schools to collect data on incidents of bullying. However, the effective practice digest that accompanies the anti-bullying Charter for Action recommends that schools should keep a record, and should analyse it for patterns, for example of who is bullied and where bullying takes place.
Mr. Hoban: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills if she will make a statement on the progress of the Change for Children Programme; and what assessment she has made of its effectiveness in improving behaviour in schools. 
Since publishing the Every Child Matters: Change for Children document last December we have made good progress on implementing the programme. For example, all local authorities are working with their partners to put in place children's trust arrangements and focus services on delivering better outcomes for children and young people in their area. Over half expect to have children's trust arrangements in place by April 2006 and all by 2008,
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Improving behaviour in schools is a priority for the Government. Children's trusts will work with local partners including schools to identify the needs in the area and put in place action to tackle those needs, which might include improving behaviour. We have made clear our expectation that all secondary schools should be working together in collaboration by September 2007 to improve behaviour and attendance. To be successful they will need to be fully linked into local Change for Children programmes, and be reflected in Children and Young People's Plans.
Mr. Hoban: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills pursuant to the Answer of 7 June 2005, Official Report, column 472W, on bullying and anti-social behaviour, if she will list the (a) published research and (b) statistics to which she refers. 
Jacqui Smith: From the Department's Statistical First Release data on exclusions from school, we know that there is an association between a school's permanent exclusion rate and its pupils' GCSE attainment: generally those schools with high permanent exclusion rates tend to have lower levels of pupil attainment.
From the NFER Excellence in Cities (EiC) Attendance Analysis, we know that once pupil, school and background characteristics are taken into account, there is an association between absence rates and pupil attainment. The research shows that higher than average absence levels were associated with reduced GCSE attainment (especially for boys) and KS3 English attainment.
In terms of bullying, although the Department has not commissioned research specifically to look at the impact of bullying on attainment, we did commission a research review on homophobic bullying, which looked at the prevalence and impact of this on young people. The research concluded that homophobic bullying had negative impacts such as absence from school, limited achievement and lower staying on rates.
Furthermore, the 2003 PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) work co-ordinated by the OECD (the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) showed that 88 per cent. of UK headteachers thought that the learning of students was hindered a little or to some extent" by students intimidating or bullying other students.
To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills pursuant to the answer of 7 June 2005, Official Report, column 472W, on bullying, what
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cross-departmental initiatives have been put in place to tackle (a) bullying, (b) low level disruptive behaviour and (c) truancy; and what assessment she has made of their effectiveness. 
over 400 Safer School Partnerships that base police officers in schools. These officers contribute significantly to improving pupil behaviour, especially where the partnership is part of a strategic approach to behaviour improvement;
over 140 Behaviour and Education Support Teams that bring together education, health and social care professionals to support schools, pupils and their families. Early evidence indicates that these teams are effective in improving behaviour and reducing exclusions and truancy;
Skill Force, a charity sponsored by the Ministry of Defence and the DfES, that provides teams including ex-service personnel to work with disaffected pupils. A recent London University Institute of Education evaluation indicated a 78 per cent. reduction in exclusions for Skill Force participants.
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