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Mr. Amess: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills how many students are in teacher training colleges in (a) Southend, (b) Essex, (c) outer London, (d) inner London and (e) England; and what the figures were for each of the last five years for which figures are available. 
Jacqui Smith: Qualified teacher status (QTS) is usually obtained by successfully completing an undergraduate course of initial teacher training or by completing a course leading to the postgraduate certificate in education (PGCE). Both types of courses are run by higher education institutions. In 1993 a new system of school centred ITT (SCITT) was launched. This is mainly postgraduate training that is designed and delivered by a group of schools.
Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills what legal action has been taken against the liquidators of training and enterprise councils by her Department; and what assessment she has made of the impact on the former TECs pension funds of legal action. 
My Department has not had recourse to take any legal action against the liquidators of TECs, although we did appoint an administrative receiver in four instances to ensure the best interests of TEC pensioners were adhered to and to help safeguard public funds.
11 Jul 2005 : Column 849W
The amount of private contribution to tuition fees bystudents from England, Wales, and the European Union from 1999/2000 to 2004/05 is given in the table. This does not include Government expenditure on the fee remission grant.
|Academic year||£ million|
Mr. Stephen O'Brien: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills what assessment she has made on the link between the UK skills base and productivity growth and if she will make a statement. 
Phil Hope: The quantity and quality of skilled labour available in an economy is an important determinant of economic performance and productivity growth. Research has shown that, in terms of GDP per hour, 12 per cent. of the productivity gap with France and one-fifth of the productivity gap with Germany is due to the UK's relative skills level.
Huw Irranca-Davies: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills if she will list the joint academic and research programmes involving the UK and Israel which have received UK Government funding since 2000. 
Bill Rammell: DfES funding for university teaching and research in England is in the form of a block grant, and universities have flexibility to allocate it as they wish between Departments and programmes. We do not monitor which programmes receive funding. The research councils are the other major Government funders of academic research: they do not have any formal co-funding programmes with Israeli funding agencies, but have awarded some funding for projects, including funding to enable collaborations between UK and Israeli researchers.