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Mr. Byrne: The Department does not issue such guidance to pregnant women. The Department does however produce the 'Pregnancy Book', which is given to all first time mothers. The book contains a very broad range of information, including what to do if you are worried about having a baby with an abnormality. The book encourages women to discuss any concerns that they may have during their pregnancy with an appropriate health professional, given that advice, support and counselling may be required by the woman.
The Government subscribes to the social model of disability; that disability is defined as the disadvantage experienced by an individual as a result of barriers that impact on people with impairments and ill health.
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Mr. Lansley: To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many (a) junior house officers and (b) senior house officers employed in the most recent year for which figures are available did not receive their degree in medicine from a UK higher education institution. 
Mr. Byrne: The number of medically qualified pre-registration house officers and senior house officers and equivalents, employed in the national health service in England at 30 September 2004, whose primary medical qualification was from a higher education institution outside the United Kingdom, was 630 and 9,362 respectively.
Mr. Hayes: To ask the Secretary of State for Health what assessment she has made of the likely impact of Article III-379 of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe on the implementation of a 48-hour week for doctors; and if she will make a statement. 
Mr. Byrne: Article III-379 relates to the general powers of the Court of Justice of the European Union. It is not specific to the Working Time Directive. This Article replicates Article 242 of the Treaty of Rome and does not give rise to any new considerations.
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Mr. Amess: To ask the Secretary of State for Health how much Oxford Primary Care Trust has spent training pharmacists in the use of the morning-after pill in each of the last five years for which figures are available; and how much they plan to spend in each of the next three years. 
Oxford Primary Care Trust (PCT) organised a sponsored training event in 2004. Each pharmacy receives a set-up fee of £100 which includes attending a training event. The PCT has paid £400 to date as four pharmacies have taken part.
Mr. Amess: To ask the Secretary of State for Health what guidance her Department (a) has issued and (b) plans to issue to (i) general practitioners and (ii)pharmacists regarding the availability of emergency contraception over the counter without prescription from dispensing chemists. 
The Department has not, and does not plan to issue guidance to general practitioners regarding the availability of emergency contraception over the counter without prescription from dispensing chemists.
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Caroline Flint: The Faculty of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care published guidance on emergency contraception. Updated in June 2003, this includes information and recommendations on the aftercare and follow up required for women receiving emergency contraception, including Levonorgestrel, and the clinical examination and investigation needed before emergency contraception is provided. In addition, guidance about the possible side effects associated with taking emergency contraception is provided in the patient information leaflet included in the medicine pack. The possible side effects of the emergency contraceptive, Levenorgestrel, are also included in the information that is provided to health professionals (the summary of product characteristics), who are encouraged to discuss these side effects with the individual before treatment is provided. Pharmacists are supplied with a protocol that contains a checklist of advice that should be given to each individual when she is given Levenorgestrel, which includes the side effects which may occur.
I understand that the United States Senate Judiciary Committee on the Human Life Bill of the 97th Congress concerned the provision that human life shall be deemed to exist from conception. This issue was considered as part of the same High Court hearing which found that emergency hormonal contraception is not a method of abortion. This issue was considered in 2002 in the High Court, where it was found that the supply and use of emergency contraception is lawful and that the prevention of implantation, which is brought about by emergency contraception products, does not amount to procuring a miscarriage under the 1861 Offences Against the Person Act.
We are not aware of any research that has been undertaken which assesses the impact of the wider availability of emergency contraception, also known as the morning after pill, on the abortion rate. Variations in the abortion rate are subject to a number of different factors, including the conception rate.
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Improving access to a wide variety of contraceptive methods is an important part of the Government's strategy to reduce the numbers of unintended pregnancies, including teenage pregnancies. However, the Government does not promote any one method of contraception in preference to others. The type of method used should be chosen by the women, in consultation with a health care professional. Emergency contraception is not designed to be used as a regular method of contraception.
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