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12 Sept 2005 : Column 2273W—continued

Wind Farms

Mr. Bellingham: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what assessment he has made of the impact on house prices of (a) established wind farms and (b) proposed wind farm developments. [13382]

Malcolm Wicks: Research in November 2004 by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) on the impact of wind farms on house prices shows that it is too early to say categorically what effects, if any, wind farms
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have on house prices. This is inline with a separate study on house prices and wind farms conducted for the British Wind Energy Association by chartered surveyors, Knight Frank.

Both surveys found that the perception that wind farms may impact on house prices is fuelled largely by misunderstandings about wind farms and the 'fear factor' arising at the prospect of them being constructed in proximity to homes. While a planning application for a wind farm may have a marginal effect on prices, the RICS survey found evidence that prices begin to recover after any initial dip when wind farms have been up and running for two years. This suggests that they become more accepted, as communities grow used to them.

There is no evidence to date to reveal a sustained negative trend in property values among properties in proximity to the wind farms.

Mr. Bellingham: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will list the sites of (a) established wind farms and (b) proposed wind farms; and what the generating capacity is of each. [13486]

Malcolm Wicks: There are currently more than 100 wind farms with grid connection throughout the UK. The following table is taken from the British Wind Energy Association (BWEA) website and lists them at:
Wind FarmLocationCapacity (MW)
Artfield FellDumfries & Galloway19.5
Cefii CroesCeredigion58.5
RothesElgin, Moray50.6
TappaghanEnniskien, Co Fermanagh19.5
LonghillMarch, Cambridgeshire2
SpurnessSanday, Orkney7.5
Haverigg 3 (repowering)Nr. Millon, Cumbria3.4
Forest MoorBradworthy, Devon2.7
Winscales 2 (extension)Nr. Askam, Cumbria6.8
Burray Community WindNorthfield, Orkney0.85
Ness PointLowestoft, Suffolk2.75
Gigha CommunityIsle of Gigha, Highlands0.675
Bambers FarmLincolnshire4.8
Scroby SandsNorfolk Coast60
CauseymireMybster, Highlands48
3Hs—Hare HillCounty Durham5
Ford MotorsDagenham, London3.6
Crystal RigBorders50
3Hs—Holmside HallCounty Durham5
Llangwyryfon IICeredigion9.35
Cruach MhorArgyll & Bute29.75
ArdrossanNorth Ayrshire24
3Hs—High VoltsCounty Durham7.8
North Hoyle—OffshoreNorth Wales Coast60
Swaffham extensionNorfolk1.8
Burra Dale IIShetland1.7
Moel MoelogenConwy2.6
TangyArgyll & Bute12.75
Lendrum's Bridge IICo Tyrone7.26
Blaen BowiCarmarthenshire3.9
Thorfmn, Burgar HillOrkney2.75
Cemmaes IIPowys15.3
Out NewtonYorkshire9
Beinn an TuircArgyll & Bute30
Myres HillGalloway1.8
Tow LawCounty Durham2.25
High Hedley HopeCounty Durham2.25
Deucheran HillKintyre15
Bears DownCornwall9.6
Pare CynogCarmarthenshire3.6
Burra DaleShetland1.98
Blyth OffshoreNorthumberland3.8
Hare HillAyrshire13
Sigurd, Burgar HillOrkney1.3
Dun LawBorders17.16
Thorfinn, Burgar HillOrkney1.5
Great Orton IICumbria3.96
Lendrum's BridgeCounty Tyrone5.94
KS WinscalesCumbria1.98
EcoTech CentreNorfolk (Swaffham)1.5
Beinn GhlasArgyll and Bute8.4
Royal Seaforth DockMerseyside3.6
SlievenahanghanCounty Antrim1
Haverigg IICumbria2.4
Mynydd GordduCeredigion10.2
Llyn AlawAnglesey20.4
CAT Centre for Alternative TechnologyPowys0.6
OwenreaghCounty Tyrone5
Great EppletonSunderland3
Harlock HillCumbria2.5
Lynch KnollGloucestershire0.5
Windy StandardGalloway21.6
Slieve RushenCounty Fermanagh5
Hagshaw HillLanarkshire15.6
Bessy BellCounty Tyrone5
Elliot's HillCounty Antrim5
Rigged HillCounty L'derry5
Four BurrowsCornwall4.5
CorkeyCounty Antrim5
Dyffryn BrodynCarmarthenshire5.5
Caton MoorLancashire3
St. BreockCornwall4.95
Bryn TitliPowys9.9
Royd MoorSouth Yorkshire5.85
Kirkby MoorCumbria4.8
Taff ElyMid-Glamorgan9
Ovenden MoorYorkshire9.2
Goonhilly DownsCornwall5.6
Cold NorthcottCornwall6.8
Coal CloughLancashire9.6
Blyth HarbourNorthumberland2.7
Chelker ReservoirYorkshire1.2
Blood HillNorfolk2.25
Garland CrossCornwall6

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The list of those wind farms that are currently under construction is:
Wind farmLocationCapacity (MW)
ArdinglassCairndu, Mid Argyll15.75
ArtfieldNr. Stranraer, Dunfries and Galloway20
Black LawForth, South Lanarkshire97
Boyndie AirfieldBanff, Aberdeenshire14
Glens of FoudlandNr. Huntly, Aberdeenshire26
Hadyard HillGirvan, South Ayrshire120
Kentish Flats8.5 km off Whitstable, Kent90
Barrow7km off Walney Island in the East Irish Sea90
Pauls Hill20 km Elgin, Moray56
Wardlaw WoodDairy, North Ayrshire18
Winscales ExtensionEast Town End Farm, Askam6.8

Norman Baker: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry for what reason the financial responsibility for grid connections differs depending on whether wind farms are onshore or offshore. [15073]

Malcolm Wicks: At present there is no regulatory regime in place which allows the connection of offshore wind farms to the transmission system.

However, recognising the need to allow offshore transmission, the Government took powers under the Energy Act 2004 to create a suitable regime.

We have been working on options for this regulatory regime and I have today launched a joint consultation with Ofgem entitled, 'Regulation of Offshore Electricity

Transmission', which sets out, and seeks views on, three possible approaches.


Armed Forces Compensation Scheme

Mr. Heath: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what level of hearing loss equates to a 20 per cent. disablement in considering applications to the Armed Forces Compensation scheme; and what evidence his Department uses for this assessment. [14022]

Mr. Ingram [holding answer 21 July 2005]: The Armed Forces Compensation Scheme does not involve the percentage assessment of disabling conditions. Compensation is paid according to a tariff with 15 levels of award for injuries of differing severity. With regard to hearing loss, a permanent bilateral loss of between 50 and 75dB, averaged over 1, 2 and 3kHz, attracts a lump sum award at tariff level 13 (£5,250), if there is mild or no tinnitus. A lump sum award at tariff level 11 (£11,000) is paid if there is severe tinnitus. Level 11 awards also attract a continuing guaranteed income payment. Hearing loss of less than 50dB does not attract compensation.
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The 50dB threshold for compensation is the same used for the war pension scheme, where the rules of the scheme prescribe that a loss of between 50 and 53dB, averaged over 1, 2 and 3kHz, shall be assessed at 20 per cent. It is also used for the assessment of industrial deafness under the civilian Industrial Injuries Benefit Scheme. The independent Industrial Injuries Advisory Council confirmed the appropriateness of the threshold in industrial injuries in November 2002.

The evidence used to determine the degree of disablement due to service-related hearing loss under the war pension scheme is taken from audiometric tests conducted on or about the date of termination of service. Where no such tests were conducted the assessment is on the basis of the earliest available evidence. Assessment on the basis of later evidence would inevitably include hearing loss arising after service and therefore not due to service: a war pension assessment can include only disablement that is due to service.

Mr. Heath: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment his Department has made of whether there can be variation in the time taken for the full consequences of noise-induced hearing loss to become apparent. [14023]

Mr. Ingram [holding answer 21 July 2005]: The Ministry of Defence is committed to evidence-based policy and decision making. Current accepted scientific understanding is that permanent hearing loss due to noise exposure does not improve or worsen after removal from the noise. Hearing loss may subsequently worsen due to age and other causes, but there is no evidence that the worsening is caused or increased by prior noise exposure where that exposure has ceased.

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