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Mr. Drew: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what research he has undertaken into whether there are linkages between domestic violence and cases of animal cruelty; and what steps he is taking to tackle each. 
There have, however, been a number of studies, conducted in the United States that have aimed to explore the links between animal cruelty and family violence. In addition, organisations in the United Kingdom including the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) and the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty of Animals (RSPCA) have also undertaken studies, which have looked at the links between serious animal abuse and family violence. These studies suggest that there may be some links between the serious abuse of animals and family violence, including the abuse of children. Although they are of interest it should be noted that most of these studies involve small sample sizes, many of the populations studied are non-representative and no control or comparison groups have been incorporated into the research design. The findings from these studies should, therefore, be treated with a degree of caution.
Lynne Featherstone: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many prosecutions have taken place under the Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004 since it came into force. 
Paul Goggins: Information on prosecutions under the Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004 are not available; not all sections of the act have yet been implemented. Statistics of court proceedings for 2005 will be published in the autumn of 2006.
Mr. Hood: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what the estimated number is of crimes committed by cocaine and heroin drug users in England and Wales in each year between 2001 and 2004; and if he will make a statement. 
Paul Goggins: Crime statistics used for monitoring overall crime trends, such as recorded crime and the British Crime Survey, do not contain information about the drug habits of individual offenders. It is therefore not possible to provide figures for the total number of crimes committed by drug users each year.
The crimes committed by drug users are frequently acquisitive crimes committed to obtain money to buy drugs. Between 200102 and 200405 there has been a 14 per cent. reduction in these crimes overall. This
12 Sept 2005 : Column 2574W
includes a 23 per cent. decrease in burglary, a 27 per cent. reduction in robbery and an 8 per cent. reduction in shoplifting over this time period.
The Home Office sponsored New English and Welsh Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (NEW-ADAM) survey, which involved interviewing and drug testing those arrested by the police, provides an insight into the proportion of crimes that are drug related. In the study carried out between 1999 and 2001 at 16 custody suites in high crime areas across England and Wales, 38 per cent. of all arrestees included in the survey tested positive for opiates such as heroin, and cocaine/crack. However, the proportion testing positive was higher among those arrested for acquisitive offences: 57 per cent. for those arrested for burglary, 60 per cent. for those arrested for robbery; and 66 per cent. for those arrested for shoplifting.
Mrs. Gillan: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many offenders who tested positive for drugs at charge (a) completed treatment and (b) dropped out of treatment before completion in each month since January 2004. 
Paul Goggins: Data on the drug treatment of individuals is currently stored in the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (NDTMS). The data is confidential and there are complex issues in matching this with Criminal Justice data about individuals. While it is possible to do this on an anonymised basis, the information requested could be provided only at a disproportionate cost.
Anne Main: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how the implementation of (a) drug treatment testing orders and (b) drug rehabilitation requirements is administered by his Department; what the cost of the administration of (i) drug treatment testing orders and (ii) drug rehabilitation requirements by his Department was in the last year for which figures are available; and if he will make a statement. 
Paul Goggins: The Interventions Unit of the National Probation Directorate (NPD) has the main national responsibility for issuing guidance and is responsible for overseeing the delivery of Drug Treatment and Testing Orders (DTTOs) and Drug Rehabilitation Requirements (DRRs) by the National Probation Service (NPS) in accordance with National Standards. The staff costs of the small team that carry out this work are estimated to be £125,000 per annum.
Probation areas in England are responsible for the supervision and enforcement of DTTOs/DRRs. Welsh areas have the additional responsibility of commissioning DTTO/DRR treatment and testing provision. In 200506 £39 million was allocated to probation areas in England and Wales; £7 million to the national offender
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management service; and the remaining £42 million to the Department of Health Pooled Treatment Budget (out of a total of £88 million DTTO/DRR funding).
Mrs. Dorries: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what (a) facilities and (b) premises are provided by his Department in Mid-Bedfordshire for the provision of (i) drug treatment and testing and (ii) rehabilitation of offenders; and if he will make a statement. 
Fiona Mactaggart: All adult offenders in Mid-Bedfordshire serving community sentences or subject to supervision following their release from prison on licence are case managed by probation staff based at Bedfordshire probation area's office at 41 Harpur Street, Bedford. This includes offenders subject to Drug Treatment and Testing Orders (DTTOs), Drug Rehabilitation Requirements (DRRs) of the new community order, drug testing licence conditions and Prolific and other Priority Offenders (PPOs) with drug misuse problems. Assessments, offender management interviews, delivery of accredited offending behaviour programmes and drug testing, where appropriate, take place at these premises.
|Address of premises||Description of facilities|
|Healthlink||26 Bromham Road, Bedford||Provides clinical input e.g. prescribing and drug testing to offenders on DTTOs/DRRs|
|CAN||44 Bromham Road, Bedford||Delivers structured day care and counselling to offenders on DTTOs/DRRs|
|Drug Interventions Programme (DIP)||105107 Tavistock Street, Bedford, MK40 2RR 2 Albion Street, Dunstable, LU6 1SA||Assessment of offenders within the Criminal Justice System and referral to the most appropriate of 15 treatment services within Bedford or Dunstable.|
|PUKE||32 St John's Street, Bedford, MK42 ODH||Provides counselling and group work for young offenders|
|Plan B||2628 Bromham Road, Bedford, MK40 2QD||Delivers clinical input e.g. prescribing to young offenders|
Anne Main: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, how many non-governmental voluntary bodies within (a) England and (b) Hertfordshire are included in the implementation of drug treatment testing orders and drug rehabilitation requirement. 
The treatment and testing components of drug treatment and testing orders (DTTOs) and drug rehabilitation requirements (DRRs) in England are commissioned by local drug action teams (DATs). Probation areas are responsible for the supervision and enforcement of DTTOs/DRRs and the delivery of some interventions. Welsh probation areas are funded to meet full DTTO/DRR costs.
The most recent data on the estimated street value of heroin and cocaine seized is available in Drug Seizure and Offender Statistics, United Kingdom, 2000. The figures for cocaine and heroin are provided in table one. They show that in 2000, the estimated street value of all cocaine and heroin seizures was £256,393,000 and £236,708,000, respectively.
The most recent data on the volume of drug seizures made by UK police and customs is from 2002, published in Drug Seizures and Offender Statistics, United Kingdom 2001 and 2002. In that year, 2,730 kilos of heroin and 3,580 kilos of cocaine were seized. Copies of this report are available on the RDS website at http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs04/hosb0804.pdf.
|UK Police||UK Customs||All seizures|
Hazel Blears [holding answer 21 July 2005]: The Home Office sponsored New English and Welsh Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (NEW-ADAM) survey, which involved interviewing and drug testing those arrested by the police, included questions on carrying guns. A paper based on the data has been published by T. H. Bennett and K. Holloway, Possession and use of illegal guns among criminals in England and Wales" (Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, Vol 43, No three, pp 237252). The Home Office has also conducted an Arrestee Survey which may highlight this issue. The results of this survey will be published later this year. There have also been discussions in the context of the Home Secretary's round table on gun crime, which has looked at possible links and appropriate interventions.
This research is used to inform policy and legislative proposals. The Violent Crime Reduction Bill includes a number of measures designed to further tighten the firearms legislation, including a ban on the manufacture, import or sale of realistic imitation firearms, an increase from a maximum of six to 12 months sentence for carrying an imitation firearm in a public place without lawful authority or reasonable excuse, and an increase in the minimum age for possession of an air weapon to 18. The Bill also includes a new offence of using another person to look after, hide or transport a dangerous weapon. These measures complement existing legislation and demonstrate our determination to tackle gun crime.
Mrs. Gillan: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department in how many road traffic accidents drivers (a) had been using and (b) tested positive for drugs in the last 12 months, broken down by police authority. 
|Herbal cannabis||Cannabis resin|
Paul Flynn: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department which prisons have been free of all illegal drugs use in each of the past five years; and what proportion they represent of all prisons. 
Fiona Mactaggart: The Mandatory Drug Testing (MDT) programme monitors levels of drug misuse. Prisoners are tested routinely for a panel of seven illegal drugs. No prison, in the past five years, has been entirely free of illegal drugs.
These targets were revised in subsequent Spending Reviews to reflect the developing evidence base. The current Public Service Agreement targets agreed in Spending Review 2004 have a clear focus on outcomes and delivery, and are both challenging and measurable.
Mr. Oaten: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department pursuant to the answer of 4 July 2005, Official Report, column 127W, on the Drugs Act 2005, if he will break the figures down by the relevant sections of the Act. 
I regret that an arithmetical error resulted in the estimate for convictions arising from section two being omitted from the total estimate of convictions provided in the answer given on 4 July 2005, Official Report, column 127W. I have written to the hon. Member for Newport West (Paul Flynn) correcting the error and placed a copy of my letter in the Library.
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|Provision in the Drugs Act 2005||Estimated additional prosecutions||Estimated additional convictions|
|Section oneAggravated supply||0||0|
|Section twoProof intention of to supply||0||299|
|Police Powers. Sections three, four, five and sixX-rays ultrasounds and intimate searches||0||105|
|Section eightExtended detention||100||100|
|Sections nine to 19Assessment of Misuse of Drugs (DIP provisions)||2,966||1,780|
|Miscellaneous. Section 21Magic mushrooms||10||10|
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