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To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills what the latest estimate is of
17 Oct 2005 : Column 693W
underspend by her Department (a) in cash terms and (b) as a percentage of departmental budget for financial year 200405. 
Dr. Cable: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills what factors were taken into account in making the decision to reduce the annual cash growth allocated to the further education sector for 2005/06 in the Government spending review. 
Bill Rammell: Funding for the further education (FE) sector is not being reduced. We are putting more money than ever into further education. Total funding for the FE sector will increase by over £1 billion in 2005/06 compared to 2002/03a 25 per cent. increase.
The Department allocates funds for education and training in the post-16 learning and skills sector to the Learning and Skills Council (LSC) through our annual grant letter. Funding allocations for FE providers increased by 16.3 per cent. between 2002/03 and 2003/04, by 9.1 per cent. between 2003/04 and 2004/05, and by 4.4 per cent. between 2004/05 and 2005/06.
The particularly large increase in 200304 is a result of the consolidation of previously targeted funds, and the extra investment through Success for All. All colleges received increases in core funding rates of 2.5 per cent. above inflation in 200405 and 200506, with some colleges receiving even higher increases. The relatively lower increase in 200506 is still significantly higher than inflation and in part reflects actual learner numbers in colleges as compared to plans, and the Government's intentionas set out in the Skills Strategy and reaffirmed in the Skills White Paper: Getting on in Business, Getting on in Work"to rebalance over time the contributions of the state, employers and individuals towards the costs of learning. This was reflected in a 2.5 percentage point increase in the assumed fee contribution to the cost of learning for those learners not in national entitlement groups. Even so, this resulted in seven out of 10 colleges receiving an above inflation increase in budgetalmost half of them getting an increase of over 5 per cent.
Mr. Hood: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills what percentage of (a) graduates and (b) graduates from ethnic minorities were employed within (i) six months, (ii) one year and (iii) two years of leaving university in each year from 2001 to 2005; and if she will make a statement. 
The latest available information showing employment rates six months after graduation is shown in the table. The Department does not hold information on employment rates of ethnic minorities one year or two years after leaving university.
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|Year of graduation||Non-white||All|
While fewer minority ethnic graduates are likely to be in jobs initially, research tends to suggest that those in jobs may be in 'better" jobs than white graduates. The research also found that ethnic minority graduates were more likely to be in further training or study 1 .
Why the difference? A Closer Look at Higher Education Minority Ethnic Students and Graduates: DfES, 2004.
Bill Rammell: Sir Alan Langlands agreed with the Secretary of State for Education and Skills that his report would be published, along with the Government's response, in the autumn. A written statement was made to the House to this effect on 20 July 2005. I expect the report and the Government's response to be published in November.nb
Mr. Davey: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills what percentage of PhD students in the UK emigrated to work abroad following the completion of their degree in the last period for which figures are available. 
The available information is taken from the Destination of Leavers from HE (DLHE) survey collected annually by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA). The DLHE survey collects information on the first destination, six months after qualifying, for UK and EU students. The latest available information is given in the table.
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|UK and EU||12.7|
Dr. Cable: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills how many young people (a) participated in further education and (b) were categorised as not in education, employment or training in each of the last five years. 
Bill Rammell: The breakdown of the number and percentage of young people (aged 16 to 18) participating in education, training and employment (including those not in education, employment or training (NEET)) over the last five years is given in the table.
|As at end of the calendar year:|
|Work Based Learning (WBL)||167.3||156.6||151.4||156.7||153.2|
|Other education and training(12)||188.3||201.8||202.9||206.8||207.2|
|Total in education and training||1,362.2||1,382.7||1,410.7||1,446.2||1,469.6|
|Work Based Learning (WBL)||9.3||8.5||8.0||8.1||7.9|
|Other education and training(12)||10.5||10.9||10.7||10.7||10.6|
|Total in education and training||76.1||74.8||74.5||75.0||75.4|
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