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23 Nov 2005 : Column 2034W—continued


Norman Baker: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what the rate of modulation will be in each year after 2006. [29878]

Jim Knight [holding answer 21 November 2005]: Under current EU legislation, the rate for compulsory modulation to be applied across the EU-15 agreed as part
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of the 2003 CAP reforms is 4 per cent. in 2006, rising to 5 per cent. in each of the years from 2007 to 2012. The European Commission has recently suggested, in the context of the EU future financing negotiations, an increase in that rate of compulsory modulation.

In addition to this, the UK countries apply additional national modulation, which for England is 6 per cent. in 2006. It is likely that the rate in England will rise in future years, in order to provide part of the funding for Environmental Stewardship. However, the rate of any additional national modulation will depend on the outcome of the EU future financing negotiations for the period 2007–13. The UK is pressing to ensure the principle of additional national modulation is available to member states in the next budget period.


Mr. Letwin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs whether racehorses have been deemed to be commercial animals for the purposes of regulations governing burial of animals. [27318]

Margaret Beckett: The disposal of animal carcases and other animal by-products is governed by Regulation (EC) 1774/2002. The regulation bans burial as a disposal route for animal by-products. A derogation exists within the regulation that permits the burial of pet animals only to continue. However in our view a racehorse is clearly a working commercial animal and not a pet.

Tenant Farmers

Mr. Hollobone: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what she expects to implement the recommendations of the Tenancy Reform Industry Group Report; and if she will make a statement. [29790]

Jim Knight [holding answer 21 November 2005]: The legislative recommendations of the Tenancy Reform Industry Group (TRIG) have been incorporated into a draft regulatory reform order (RRO) which is being finalised. We are aiming to lay the RRO before Parliament early in the new year with the intention that, (if the proposals are accepted), the new legislation would come into force in June 2006.

TRIG also recommended a code of good practice on diversification within agricultural tenancies, and this was published in September 2004. An adjudication scheme to back up the code is expected to be in place before Christmas.

The Government have also implemented other recommendations of TRIG, including an advice pack for farmers and research on tenant farmer retirement.

Mr. Hollobone: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what assessment she has made of the (a) extent and (b) effect of new agricultural tenancy agreements designed to take entitlement to single farm payments away from tenant farmers at the end of those agreements for less than the fair compensation specified within the Tenancy Reform Industry Group's code of practice. [29791]

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Jim Knight [holding answer 21 November 2005]: DEFRA maintains close relationship with the industry organisations represented on the Tenancy Reform Industry Group (TRIG), in particular the Tenant Farmers Association, National Farmers Union and the Country Land and Business Association. Feedback from members of the Group, and other sources, suggests that TRIG guidance notes to aid tenants and landlords on CAP reform" has proved effective, in the majority of cases, in helping both parties reach amicable arrangements in respect of the new Single Payment Scheme, but there have also been reports of arrangements which have left one party or the other feeling aggrieved.

Coventry university is currently undertaking research on behalf of DEFRA, on the impacts of CAP reform on the diversification activities of tenant farmers in England. While the research is intended primarily to focus on the effect of CAP reform in opening up opportunities for farm diversification by tenant farmers, the specification for the project also covers investigation of the wider impact of CAP reform on the landlord/tenant relationship.

Wild Birds (Imports)

Mr. Letwin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how live wild bird commercial imports, which are to be banned, will be distinguished by inspectors from live wild bird pet imports that are being restricted. [27314]

Margaret Beckett: Wild bird pet imports can be distinguished from wild bird commercial imports by inspectors because of the following requirements for wild bird pet imports brought into effect by Commission Decision 2005/759/EC:



Mr. Duncan: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many (a) disabled people and (b) young people used buses in England in 2004–05; and if he will make a statement. [28309]

Ms Buck: Data on bus use by disabled people are not available. Data from the National Travel Survey on trips per person per year by local bus in 2004 for people up to the age of 20 are given in the table as follows.
Average number of bus trips per person per year, 2004

AgeTrips per person per year
0–10 years30
11–16 years116
17–20 years138

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Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency

Tom Brake: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much was spent by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency on advertising at the Argentina versus England football match held in Geneva on 12 November. [30599]

Dr. Ladyman: This advertisement was part of a continuing campaign to improve the accuracy of DVLA's records by encouraging the public to notify changes in details. The advertisement cost £45,000 for five minutes exposure. The estimated television audience was in excess of 10 million.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

John Hemming: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what recent estimate he has made of the greenhouse gas emissions per distance travelled of passenger trains operating in the United Kingdom. [29307]

Derek Twigg: Greenhouse gas emissions from trains vary significantly according to their size, power requirements and whether they are diesel or electric. The following table provides estimates of CO 2 emissions for average diesel, electric and UK trains in terms of emissions per passenger kilometre assuming average passenger loads:
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CO 2 emissions per passenger km (g/km)
Fleet average—diesel41
Fleet average—electric56
Average UK—electric and diesel combined49

Local Transport Plans

Tom Brake: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list the major schemes (a) proposed and (b) approved under the second round of local transport plans; what the expected cost was of each scheme, including expected central government funding; and what estimate has been made of future levels of (i) traffic and (ii) carbon dioxide emissions under each scheme. [26751]

Ms Buck: The major schemes that are proposed in the second round of local transport plans fall into two categories. There are those for which we received Major Scheme Business Cases in July 2005 which contain detailed proposals, including costs. The remainder are those that authorities have indicated that they will be developing over the next few years for which there are fewer details.

The schemes for which we have business cases are set out in the table. Both the estimated total cost and the Department's contribution have been rounded to the nearest million.
Local authorityScheme nameEstimated total cost (£ million)Estimated DfT contribution (£ million)
Milton KeynesBletchley Link109
Brighton and HoveRapid Transit System2220
WolverhamptonWolverhampton Railway Station207
Sandwell / DudleyBurnt Tree junction A4123/A4611010
WalsallBrownhills Transport Package2119
Nexus (Tyne and Wear PTE)Washington to Gateshead Bus Corridor75
SunderlandSunderland Strategic Transport Corridor6969
NottinghamshireMansfield Bus Station88
DoncasterFinningley and Rossington Route Scheme15893
RotherhamWaverley Link Road88
West Yorkshire PTEWakefield Westgate Station77
KirkleesHighways Strengthening and Bridge Maintenance1515
BristolGreater Bristol Bus Network6942
GloucestershireGloucester Parkway Elmbridge Court2719
SomersetTaunton Third Way and Northern Inner Distributor Road2714
SuffolkIpswich Town Centre Improvements1515
NorfolkA140 Long Stratton Bypass2727
HerefordshireRotherwas Access Road106
SandwellA41 Expressway/A4031 All Saints Way2020
NorthamptonshireA509 Isham to Wellingborough Improvement1414
East RidingBeverley Integrated Transport Plan2824
NottinghamshirePleasley Bypass Extension1717
BridlingtonBridlington Integrated Transport Scheme44
EssexThames Gateway A13/A1307171
LancashireHeysham to M6 Link Road8886
BlackpoolBlackpool and Fleetwood Tramway upgrade9672
DurhamEast Durham Link Road1010
YorkHaxby Station43
MiddlesbroughA66 Middlesbrough02
LeicestershireA47 Earl Shilton Bypass1514
Greater ManchesterGreater Manchester Urban Traffic Control1414
South East DorsetCanford Bridge33

Decisions on these schemes will be taken in the spring of 2006, following the receipt of the advice from the regions on transport priorities.

These major schemes are being considered by the Department and are subject to economic appraisal using the NATA methodology which looks at both traffic and
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emissions. However, neither carbon dioxide nor traffic levels are always explicitly identified as part of the appraisal, so it would not be possible to identify these elements for all schemes.

In terms of the other schemes in the second round of local transport plans, these range from specific proposals to descriptions of the problem that needs to be addressed. A list of the named proposals has been placed in the Libraries of the House. This list is not exhaustive and other proposals may be presented to the Department in the period.

We are unable to provide the estimated total cost or the Department's contribution at this stage as these proposals have not yet been formally submitted to the Department. No decisions have been taken on these schemes.

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