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[holding answer 21 November 2005]: Under current EU legislation, the rate for compulsory modulation to be applied across the EU-15 agreed as part
23 Nov 2005 : Column 2035W
of the 2003 CAP reforms is 4 per cent. in 2006, rising to 5 per cent. in each of the years from 2007 to 2012. The European Commission has recently suggested, in the context of the EU future financing negotiations, an increase in that rate of compulsory modulation.
In addition to this, the UK countries apply additional national modulation, which for England is 6 per cent. in 2006. It is likely that the rate in England will rise in future years, in order to provide part of the funding for Environmental Stewardship. However, the rate of any additional national modulation will depend on the outcome of the EU future financing negotiations for the period 200713. The UK is pressing to ensure the principle of additional national modulation is available to member states in the next budget period.
Mr. Letwin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs whether racehorses have been deemed to be commercial animals for the purposes of regulations governing burial of animals. 
Margaret Beckett: The disposal of animal carcases and other animal by-products is governed by Regulation (EC) 1774/2002. The regulation bans burial as a disposal route for animal by-products. A derogation exists within the regulation that permits the burial of pet animals only to continue. However in our view a racehorse is clearly a working commercial animal and not a pet.
Mr. Hollobone: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what she expects to implement the recommendations of the Tenancy Reform Industry Group Report; and if she will make a statement. 
Jim Knight [holding answer 21 November 2005]: The legislative recommendations of the Tenancy Reform Industry Group (TRIG) have been incorporated into a draft regulatory reform order (RRO) which is being finalised. We are aiming to lay the RRO before Parliament early in the new year with the intention that, (if the proposals are accepted), the new legislation would come into force in June 2006.
TRIG also recommended a code of good practice on diversification within agricultural tenancies, and this was published in September 2004. An adjudication scheme to back up the code is expected to be in place before Christmas.
Mr. Hollobone: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what assessment she has made of the (a) extent and (b) effect of new agricultural tenancy agreements designed to take entitlement to single farm payments away from tenant farmers at the end of those agreements for less than the fair compensation specified within the Tenancy Reform Industry Group's code of practice. 
Jim Knight [holding answer 21 November 2005]: DEFRA maintains close relationship with the industry organisations represented on the Tenancy Reform Industry Group (TRIG), in particular the Tenant Farmers Association, National Farmers Union and the Country Land and Business Association. Feedback from members of the Group, and other sources, suggests that TRIG guidance notes to aid tenants and landlords on CAP reform" has proved effective, in the majority of cases, in helping both parties reach amicable arrangements in respect of the new Single Payment Scheme, but there have also been reports of arrangements which have left one party or the other feeling aggrieved.
Coventry university is currently undertaking research on behalf of DEFRA, on the impacts of CAP reform on the diversification activities of tenant farmers in England. While the research is intended primarily to focus on the effect of CAP reform in opening up opportunities for farm diversification by tenant farmers, the specification for the project also covers investigation of the wider impact of CAP reform on the landlord/tenant relationship.
Mr. Letwin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how live wild bird commercial imports, which are to be banned, will be distinguished by inspectors from live wild bird pet imports that are being restricted. 
Margaret Beckett: Wild bird pet imports can be distinguished from wild bird commercial imports by inspectors because of the following requirements for wild bird pet imports brought into effect by Commission Decision 2005/759/EC:
Ms Buck: Data on bus use by disabled people are not available. Data from the National Travel Survey on trips per person per year by local bus in 2004 for people up to the age of 20 are given in the table as follows.
|Age||Trips per person per year|
Tom Brake: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much was spent by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency on advertising at the Argentina versus England football match held in Geneva on 12 November. 
Dr. Ladyman: This advertisement was part of a continuing campaign to improve the accuracy of DVLA's records by encouraging the public to notify changes in details. The advertisement cost £45,000 for five minutes exposure. The estimated television audience was in excess of 10 million.
John Hemming: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what recent estimate he has made of the greenhouse gas emissions per distance travelled of passenger trains operating in the United Kingdom. 
Greenhouse gas emissions from trains vary significantly according to their size, power requirements and whether they are diesel or electric. The following table provides estimates of CO 2 emissions for average diesel, electric and UK trains in terms of emissions per passenger kilometre assuming average passenger loads:
23 Nov 2005 : Column 2038W
|CO 2 emissions per passenger km (g/km)|
|Average UKelectric and diesel combined||49|
Tom Brake: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list the major schemes (a) proposed and (b) approved under the second round of local transport plans; what the expected cost was of each scheme, including expected central government funding; and what estimate has been made of future levels of (i) traffic and (ii) carbon dioxide emissions under each scheme. 
Ms Buck: The major schemes that are proposed in the second round of local transport plans fall into two categories. There are those for which we received Major Scheme Business Cases in July 2005 which contain detailed proposals, including costs. The remainder are those that authorities have indicated that they will be developing over the next few years for which there are fewer details.
|Local authority||Scheme name||Estimated total cost (£ million)||Estimated DfT contribution (£ million)|
|Milton Keynes||Bletchley Link||10||9|
|Brighton and Hove||Rapid Transit System||22||20|
|Wolverhampton||Wolverhampton Railway Station||20||7|
|Sandwell / Dudley||Burnt Tree junction A4123/A461||10||10|
|Walsall||Brownhills Transport Package||21||19|
|Nexus (Tyne and Wear PTE)||Washington to Gateshead Bus Corridor||7||5|
|Sunderland||Sunderland Strategic Transport Corridor||69||69|
|Nottinghamshire||Mansfield Bus Station||8||8|
|Doncaster||Finningley and Rossington Route Scheme||158||93|
|Rotherham||Waverley Link Road||8||8|
|West Yorkshire PTE||Wakefield Westgate Station||7||7|
|Kirklees||Highways Strengthening and Bridge Maintenance||15||15|
|Bristol||Greater Bristol Bus Network||69||42|
|Gloucestershire||Gloucester Parkway Elmbridge Court||27||19|
|Somerset||Taunton Third Way and Northern Inner Distributor Road||27||14|
|Suffolk||Ipswich Town Centre Improvements||15||15|
|Norfolk||A140 Long Stratton Bypass||27||27|
|Herefordshire||Rotherwas Access Road||10||6|
|Sandwell||A41 Expressway/A4031 All Saints Way||20||20|
|Northamptonshire||A509 Isham to Wellingborough Improvement||14||14|
|East Riding||Beverley Integrated Transport Plan||28||24|
|Nottinghamshire||Pleasley Bypass Extension||17||17|
|Bridlington||Bridlington Integrated Transport Scheme||4||4|
|Essex||Thames Gateway A13/A130||71||71|
|Lancashire||Heysham to M6 Link Road||88||86|
|Blackpool||Blackpool and Fleetwood Tramway upgrade||96||72|
|Durham||East Durham Link Road||10||10|
|Leicestershire||A47 Earl Shilton Bypass||15||14|
|Greater Manchester||Greater Manchester Urban Traffic Control||14||14|
|South East Dorset||Canford Bridge||3||3|
These major schemes are being considered by the Department and are subject to economic appraisal using the NATA methodology which looks at both traffic and
23 Nov 2005 : Column 2039W
emissions. However, neither carbon dioxide nor traffic levels are always explicitly identified as part of the appraisal, so it would not be possible to identify these elements for all schemes.
In terms of the other schemes in the second round of local transport plans, these range from specific proposals to descriptions of the problem that needs to be addressed. A list of the named proposals has been placed in the Libraries of the House. This list is not exhaustive and other proposals may be presented to the Department in the period.
We are unable to provide the estimated total cost or the Department's contribution at this stage as these proposals have not yet been formally submitted to the Department. No decisions have been taken on these schemes.
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