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John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills what assessment she has made of the potential impact of the provision of mentoring upon underachievement by children from low socio-economic backgrounds. 
The scope and understanding of mentoring practice appears to vary widely depending on the intended aims of the programme. By and large, mentoring appears to have benefits on achievement, and generally such schemes are directed at those from low socio-economic groups almost by definition.
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Learning mentors are salaried non-teaching school support staff who work with school and college students and pupils to help them address barriers to learning. These barriers can be wide ranging and often very personal to the individual pupil. They include the need to develop better learning and study skills, personal organisation, difficulties at home, behaviour, bullying, or just general disaffection and disengagement from learning.
At present it is estimated that around 6,000 learning mentors are working in the secondary sector and 4000 in primary, funded through excellence in cities (EiC) provision. The numbers will be higher than this as an increasing number are being employed outside of EiC areas.
Learning mentors work with caseloads of pupils, largely on a 1:1 or small group basis, but also run clubs and drop ins". They liaise closely with teachers and other support professionals, and often act as a supportive link between the family and school. One to one support may include developing coping strategies, enhancing motivation, raising aspirations and encouraging re-engagement in learning, taking account of a range of complex underlying issues that may impact negatively on learning and achievement (e.g. bereavement, lack of confidence/low self-esteem, low aspirations, mental health issues, relationship difficulties, bullying, peer pressure, family issues/concerns).
NFER (2004) Evaluation indicates positive impact of learning mentors on attainment outcomes for young people. Seeing a learning mentor was associated with a level of performance above that which might be anticipated from their prior attainment. In particular:
In low performing schools, students with a learning mentor were also one and a half times more likely to have achieved five or more GCSEs at A* to C grades than young people with similar prior attainment and other characteristics who had not been mentored.
Regarding learning mentors' impact on behaviour, more than half of the identified group of 430 young people who had been mentored over two years demonstrated a positive change in either their attitudes (to school, to teachers and/or to learning) or their behaviour (in terms of improved attendance, punctuality and/ or completion of work).
Ofsted further reported that in 95 percent. of the survey schools, inspectors judged that the mentoring programme made a positive contribution to the mainstream provision of the school as a whole, and had a beneficial effect on the behaviour of individual pupils and on their ability to learn and make progress." (Ofsted 2003)
The behaviour improvement programme (BiP) evaluation report by the university of London, published in November 2005, states that learning mentors were seen to fulfil one of the key roles in the programme and were highly valued by schools particularly at primary level. The BiP focuses on addressing behaviour and attendance issues in schools.
There are additional forms of mentoring provided within schools which are not provided by school learning mentors (employed by the school/local authority) e.g. peer and voluntary mentoring. There is also the work carried out by the mentoring and befriending foundation (ttp://www.mandbf.org.uk/).
Mr. Ingram: The UK contributes around 340 troops to Operation Enduring Freedom. The majority are either part of the Harrier GR7 detachment based in Kandahar or are conducting preparations for a possible UK deployment to southern Afghanistan. In addition, we provide an Afghan National Army Training Team which trains the NCO cadre of the Afghan Army, and there are a number of staff officers in the Coalition HQ.
The decision on the ship build strategy for the two future aircraft carriers (CVF) and any associated contracts has yet to be taken but will form part of our main investment decision on CVF. This will happen when we are confident that the design is right, the contracts are right and we have sufficient understanding of cost, scheduling and risks involved.
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Mr. Gerald Howarth: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will list the (a) type and (b) quantity of ammunition which was acquired from outside the United Kingdom in 200405; and what the source was in each case. 
Mr. Ingram: The information in the following table relates to general ammunition sourced directly from overseas for the financial year 200405. It does not include missiles, torpedoes or 'smart' munitions. The total figures provided amount to less than five per cent. of the volume of general ammunition purchased in 200405.
|Description||Country of origin||Quantity|
|Mortar Bomb 60mm HE L 4A1 Fuzed M9815||Austria||3,600|
|Round 20mm Phalanx Mk 149 Mod 4||USA||60,000|
|Rocket 84mm AT4 CS HP L2A1 (ILAW)||Sweden||1,400|
|Round 9mm Practice Tracer AT4 (ILAW)||Sweden||350,000|
|Round 7.65 x 17mm Ball Carton DM11A1||German||100|
|Round 9mm Ball Carton (SX-2)||Germany||400|
|Round 9mm Plastic Blank Carton L2A1||Germany||170|
|Round 9mm Simunition Blue (ISD 01)||Canada||110|
|Round 9mm Simunition Red (ISD 01)||Canada||73|
|Round 12.7mm Raufoss MP Carton L1A1||Norway||5,520|
|Round 12.7mm Raufoss MP-T L3A1||Norway||3,000|
|Round 12.7mm Raufoss AP||Norway||17,640|
|Round 12.7mm Raufoss AP L4A1||Norway||12,120|
|Round 12.7mm Raufoss 4MP/1T LI A1/M17||Norway||15,500|
|Round 12.7mm Raufoss 1MP/1MPT/1API Belted||Norway||328,000|
|Round 40x53mm Practice Impact Marker DM18||Germany||35,776|
|Round 40x53mm HEDP S411 Linked||Singapore||3,616|
|Round 40x53mm Target Practice M946A2||South Africa||1,888|
|Round 40x53mm Practice Tracer M9914A1||South Africa||2,176|
|Mortar Bomb 60mm HE L4A1 Fuzed M9815||Austria||3,600|
|Mortar Bomb 60mm Illuminating M721 Fuzed M776||USA||544|
|14.5mm Artillery Training Round||Germany||10,000|
|105mm Illuminating Round||Sweden||4,261|
|Command Detonated Munition Claymore Ml8||USA||6,144|
|Smoke Screening Grenade L84A2||Germany||30,240|
|Rocket Motor GTR-18 Smokey SAM||USA||3,024|
|Generator Smoke Training N5 Mk1||Germany||11,100|
|Round Anti-Riot L5A7||Germany||50,000|
|Round Anti-Riot L21A1||Germany||267,276|
|Attenuated Energy Projectile (AEP) L60A1||Germany||34,272|
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