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Mr. Thomas: DFID expenditure for the Overseas Territories for each of the financial years from 199899 to 200405 is set out in the table. A number of territories, for example Montserrat and St. Helena, still need significant levels of support to help meet basic needs and promote growth and, in the case of Pitcairn, a need now for budgetary aid to cover essential recurrent expenditure. Declining levels of support, for example in Anguilla, the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands, follow increased prosperity and economic growth.
|British Virgin Islands|
|St. Helena (and Tristan da Cunha)|
|Turks and Caicos Islands|
The European Development Fund also allocates funds for the UK Overseas Territories. Cumulative allocations since 1993 total some €86.33 million (the UK share of which is about €10.79 million or approximately £7.2 million). This sum, some of which is still being committed to or spent on approved development activities, has been shared among eligible UK Overseas Territories as follows.
12 Dec 2005 : Column 1627W
|British Virgin Islands||4,900||3,300|
|St. Helena (and Tristan da Cunha)||18,150||12,100|
|Turks and Caicos Islands||16,280||10,850|
Mr. Thomas: DFID's funding for the overseas territories seeks to maximise economic growth and self sufficiency. For example we anticipate some increase in future years to accommodate the cost of the proposed airport for St. Helena. At this stage, I cannot be specific about amounts.
Mr. Thomas: DFID and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) provided approximately £250,000 for emergency supplies and services in the immediate aftermath of Hurricane Ivan. We have not provided specific assistance to rebuild homes. We understand, however, that the European Union is considering a request for support from the Cayman Islands Government.
Mr. Gerrard: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development whether funding for the child treatment fund is included in the 10 per cent. of his Department's spending on HIV/AIDS to be spent on orphans and vulnerable children. 
Mr. Thomas: Globally, access to AIDS treatment for children is low, despite the fact that, in the absence of treatment, 50 per cent. of children with HIV will die before their second birthday. In Mozambique and Malawi, for example, 5 per cent. and 7 per cent. of those on treatment are children, whereas equitable access would require coverage of approximately 13 per cent.
DFID has committed £150 million for support to children affected by AIDS from 200508. This funding will not be put through new instruments. However, this funding is being used to support a range of activities thatwill promote children's access to prevention and treatment, as well as to protection and care. For example, we are providing £10 million to Medecins Sans Frontieres for anti-retroviral roll out and prevention in South Africa.
We are also funding research into better medicines and diagnostics for children, such as the £4.8 million trial DFID and the Medical Research Council are co-funding on anti-retroviral treatment for children. An earlier DFID funded trial in Zambia has proven the efficacy of a cheap antibiotic, Cotrimoxazole, in reducing mortality in HIV positive children.
DFID will continue to ensure the needs of children and other vulnerable groups are addressed as we work towards scaling up to universal access to treatment by 2010, as agreed by the G8 and by the Millennium Review Summit. DFID is supporting UNICEF's Global Campaign on Children and AIDS that sets a target of providing treatment to 80 per cent. of children in need by 2010.
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