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Mr. Amess: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what the (a) front and (b) rear seat belt wearing rates are among (i) males and (ii) females in each of the last five years for which information is available; and what the equivalent rates were in (A)1980, (B) 1982, (C) 1983, (D)1984, (E) 1987, (F) 1990, (G) 1992, (H) 1994, (I) 1996 and (J) 1998. 
Dr. Ladyman: Survey data on observed seat belt wearing rates from 1982 to 1989 only cover front seat occupants of cars and do not distinguish by gender. Surveys were not made prior to 1982. The available data are in the table:
|As at April 1990||Percentage|
From April 1991 the surveys provided observed wearing rates by age group for drivers and by age group and gender for front and rear occupants, shown in the following table. Later surveys provided wearing rates by gender for drivers. A gender split for children is only available from April 2003. Prior to April 2003, the data for children in rear seats are split into 04 and 513 age groups and wearing rates are not aggregated.
|Driver||Front seat passenger||Rear seat passenger|
|Gender||1729||3059||60||013||1429||3059||60||013||1429||3059||60 or 04/513|
The most recent survey results, Restraint use by car occupants 2003 to 2005" (Reference Lf2096) are available free from TRL at www.trl.co.uk/store/report_list.asp?pid=211&pno=6&searchtext= (listed under Reports 5154). Earlier reports are available on application to TRL (www.trl.co.uk).
This is because the Safety Camera Programme has a specific purpose, provided for in the Vehicles (Crime) Act 2001, section 38 'Unified power for the Secretary of State to fund speed cameras etc' whereby police forces and highway authorities are provided with extra resources to support the deployment and operation of safety cameras, from the fines for speeding and red lightoffences detected, over and above their main road safety funding. The resources provided through the programme cannot therefore be used for any other purposes, not provided for in the Act.
The Secretary of State announced on 15 December 2005 that this funding arrangement for safety cameras will end on 31 March 2007. From 1 April 2007 all future
9 Jan 2006 : Column 26W
income from safety cameras in England and Wales will go to the Consolidated Fund in the same way as other fines.
In England the Department for Transport will be enhancing the level of funding for road safety within the local transport planning process by £440 million over the period 200708 to 201011. This new arrangement for funding road safety will give local road safety partnerships (local authorities, the police and other agencies who work with them) greater flexibility to implement the mix of road safety measures, including 20 mph zones around schools, that will make the greatest contribution to reducing road casualties in their area.
On 1 April 2007, responsibility for safety cameras in Wales will transfer to the National Assembly for Wales. I understand that the Welsh Assembly Government are considering future funding arrangements.
Mrs. Dunwoody: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport pursuant to his answer of 29 November 2005, Official Report, column 328W, on speed cameras, what previous studies of regression to the mean effect on the statistics relating to the number of accidents on roads with speed cameras have been conducted; and what the results were. 
|Combined speed/red light||2||0||2|
There may be several camera housings contained within one site. The police have the discretion to enforce speed limits outside the national safety camera programme, and this could be done anywhere on the road network.
Dr. Ladyman: Information on speeding fines is collected by the Home Office. The only information held by the Department is the total income from fixed penalty fines from safety cameras that are operated as part of the safety camera programme. This information is available for each area that participates in the national safety camera programme. The latest information available is shown in the Audit Certificates published on the Department's website at www.dft.gov.uk/safetycameras.
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