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Norman Baker: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how much has been spent in each year since 1980 on the research and development of (a) tidal power, (b) wind power, (c) geothermal power, (d) hydro power, (e) solar power and (f) nuclear fusion; and what further sums are planned to be spent. 
Malcolm Wicks [holding answer 12 December 2005]: It has not been possible to collate all public expenditure and other Government support since 1980 for energy technologies in the time available at proportionate cost. However, it is possible to detail the DTI and Research Council expenditure on new, renewable, and nuclear research and development. These are set out in the following tables.
|Geothermal-Hot Dry Rocks||2,579,000||1567,000||1,088,000||989,000||245,000||0||0||0|
|Geothermal-Hot Dry Rocks||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Wave and tidal||175,000||301,000||606,000||617,000||830,000||1,050,000|
Mr. Hollobone: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what comparative analysis has been undertaken on (a) the impact on carbon footprints and (b) the cost effectiveness of (i) new renewable energy schemes and (ii) carbon sequestation technology. 
Malcolm Wicks: The 2003 Energy White Paper published the results of extensive modelling of the costs of different options for reducing carbon dioxide emissions over the period to 2050. The analysis is available at: http://www.dti.gov.uk/energy/whitepaper/phase2.pdf.
In November 2005 my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister announced that there would be a review of energy policy which would report in summer 2006. This will involve further analysis of the costs of different options for meeting the Government's long-term targets for reducing carbon dioxide emissions.
Mr. Hollobone: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what research has been (a) commissioned and (b) evaluated by his Department into the long-term impact of burying sequestered carbon. 
We published two reports on Carbon Sequestration and the results of these can be found in The Review of Carbon Capture and Storage in the UK" and The Carbon Abatement Technology (CAT) Strategy for Fossil Fuel Use", both of which can be found in the
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Libraries of the House. Both reports can also be found on the DTI website at http://www.dti.gov.uk/energy/coal/cfft/co2capture/review.pdf, and http://www.dti.gov.uk/energy/coal/cfft/cct/pub/catreportlinked.pdf.
The supporting analysis underpinning the Carbon Abatement Technology Strategy which can be found at http://www.dti.gov.uk/energy/coal/cfft/cct/pub/pdfs/r301.pdf provides the work to date on predicting the impact of deploying this technology. Further work on this area is planned as part of the CAT Strategy.
Mr. Hollobone: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how much his Department has spent in direct subsidies to (a) renewable energy generation and (b) nuclear energy generation for each year since 1990. 
To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry whether a detailed feasibility study has been carried out to establish whether the recommendation in his Department's Buildings Renewable Strategy report to install renewable energy technologies in each of the
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Department's buildings is achievable; and whether the other recommendations in the report have been implemented. 
Malcolm Wicks: The Government have a target that 10 per cent. of the UK's electricity supply should come from Renewable Obligation (RO) eligible source of renewable energy by 2010, with an aspiration to double that by 2020.
Malcolm Wicks: The position of the wind farm could be described as being on the north eastern edge of Constable Bank but it is difficult to define the boundaries of this or any other sea bed feature precisely as they change with time. It is, therefore, best to define the location of the wind farm by fixed co-ordinates rather than its position relative to, what could be, mobile sea bed features.
The impact of the Rhyl Flats project in relation to the Constable Bank and other marine features was fully considered by the Countryside Council for Wales (CCW) and the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS) and others in agreeing that the various consents for the project should be granted.
Mr. Drew: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will take steps to enable the regional development agencies to take over the responsibilities of the Small Business Service. 
The Regional Development Agencies (RDAs) took over local and regional management of Business Link from the Small Business Service on 1 April 2005. The Small Business Service has a much wider role of promoting enterprise and small business development, including working across government to
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ensure that the UK is the best place in the world to start and grow a business. It is also responsible for promoting social enterprise.
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