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Derek Twigg: Development of the Regional Planning Assessment has benefited from extensive and constructive engagement with a wide range of stakeholders including the North East Regional Assembly, One North East, Tyne and Wear PTE, the Regional Transport Forum, Local Authorities, Transport Operators and the Rail Passengers' Council.
Mrs. Ellman: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will take steps to encourage public transport operators to use passenger travel alert services through mobile communications technology. 
The Department for Transport supports Transport Direct, Britain's free online journey planning service, which offers a real time journey planning service to mobile and Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) users. Users of Transport Direct's mobile and PDA service, which is subject to an ongoing development, can already:
Find out the departure and arrival times for national rail services throughout Britain and for some bus or coach stops in areas where Short Messaging Service (SMS) codes are available for bus or coach stops (e.g. in Wales, the South West, Leicestershire and the South East, except London). The service can give the scheduled arrival and departure time and in some cases provide the expected arrival or departure times.
The Department also supports the Traveline telephone service that is operated by transport operators and local authorities. Traveline has an SMS text service covering Scotland, Wales and parts of England. The service provides info on the next departure times of bus services from bus stops and bus stations within that region, by responding through a text message to a customer request for next bus information.
In addition to scheduled bus times available through the Traveline SMS and phone service, some local authorities provide real time information for bus services through mobile devices. For example the Star Text" scheme in Leicester and the your next bus" service in West Yorkshire provide passengers with real time information about the actual running time of their buses through a text messaging service.
National Rail Enquiries offers a text-back facility which enables mobile phone users to check whether trains are running to schedule. Users text the name of the station (or the designated three-letter station code if they know it) to 484950. By return they receive information on the status of trains that are due over the next hour, with a status report (i.e. On Time", +5m", etc.).
Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many (a) deaths and (b) serious injuries in road accidents, where the primary cause was ice on the road, there were in each of the past 20 years. 
Dr. Ladyman: Information on the primary cause of personal road injury accidents is not available. The number of fatalities and serious injuries in personal injury road accidents where there was Frost or Ice" on the road surface, is given in the following table for 19852004.
Shona McIsaac: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport pursuant to the answer of 16 January 2006, Official Report, column 929W, if he will clarify the information given in relation to road improvement in North East Lincolnshire, with particular reference to low noise resurfacing on the A180 east of Ulceby towards Grimsby. 
The Highways Agency's policy for carriageway resurfacing is developed on a whole life cost basis, identifying the appropriate maintenance treatment at the optimum time and using quieter surfacing materials.
The current Government Spending Review 2004 confirms the Highways Agency's budgets for the period 200506 to 200708; no indication is available of funding levels beyond this period. Consequently, as the programmed dates for the works concerned fall outside
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the current Spending Review period, the allocation of funding to these resurfacing schemes cannot be confirmed at this time.
Tom Brake: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport pursuant to the answer of 19 December 2005, Official Report, columns 231819W, on road improvement costs, what proportion of the overrun for the targeted programme of improvements can be ascribed to (a) underestimates, (b) fraud, (c) inflation in the construction industry and (d) other factors. 
Dr. Ladyman: The targeted programme of improvements (TPI) table placed in the House Library in December 2005 compares the approved full out-turn cost against the scheme cost submitted for TPI entry approval. Since April 2003 the TPI entry cost has been reported on the basis of full projected out-turn, making allowance for identified risks, inflation up to scheme completion, non-recoverable VAT and for 'optimism bias' in line with revised Treasury guidance issued in April 2003. Before then, only net scheme costs, exclusive of VAT, projected inflation and 'optimism bias' were reported at TPI entry.
This is why as stated in the footnote to the answer of 19 December 2005, the two sets of figures in the table are not directly comparable for the 43 schemes that entered the TPI prior to April 2003. For these schemes, about £0.6 billion (39 per cent.) of the £1.54 billion variance against the cost reported at TPI entry is attributable to the absence of VAT, projected inflation at 2.5 per cent. and 'optimism bias'. The remainder of the variance can be attributed to underestimates in the scope of schemes and the impact of inflation. Scheme budgets have assumed that construction inflation would run at 2.5 per cent. per year. The latest indications suggest that a higher allowance may be more appropriate and more research is under way in that area. As far as the Highways Agency is aware fraud has played no factor in any requirement for budget increases.
For the 39 schemes that entered the TPI since April 2003, the two sets of figures are directly comparable and only two schemes have approved budgets that have increased since TPI entry. These increases (£61 million) can be attributed to a combination of underestimates (£26 million) and higher construction inflation (£35 million). Again, none of these increases can be attributed to fraud.
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