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Gregory Barker: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what steps have been taken to prevent ships at sea spilling oil since the Sea Empress oil spill; and what further steps he plans to take. 
Dr. Ladyman: The UK Government have played a key role, internationally, regionally and nationally, in developing many measures to prevent, or mitigate the consequences of, oil spills from ships during the 10 years since the Sea Empress oil spill in February 1996. The most significant measures are as follows:
In 1994, recognising the value of tugs in preventing groundings and other incidents, the UK introduced Emergency Towing Vessels (ETVs) on a trial basis. Initially ETVs were stationed at Dover and Stornoway for the winter months only. After further review, the number of ETVs was increased to fourstationed at Dover, Stornoway, the Fair Isle Channel, and in the South West approachesand since October 2001 all four ETVs have been on station all year round.
The UK participated fully in the adoption in 1996 of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention which will provide compensation cover similar to the international oil pollution compensation regime but for other oils and chemicals, and also for explosion, death or injury from such products.
In 1997 the UK co-ordinated an EU member states' initiative at the IMO to have the whole of the North Sea, and all waters around the UK and Ireland, declared a special area for the purposes of protecting those waters from operational discharges of oil from shipping.
The UK Maritime and Coastguard Agency has a dedicated Enforcement Unit. In 1997, legislation was passed to enable magistrates to impose a fine of up to £250,000 on either the master or the ship-owner for an oil pollution offence; this is the highest fine for any offence in a magistrates court.
In 2000, following a wide-ranging review, the UK published a revised National Contingency Plan for Marine Pollution from Shipping and Offshore Installations", setting out how the relevant agencies and authorities in the UK will respond to such incidents. The UK has also created the role of the Secretary of State's Representative for Maritime Salvage and Intervention (SOSREP). On behalf of the Secretary of State, SOSREP has the power to oversee, control andif necessaryintervene in salvage operations within UK waters involving vessels or fixed platforms where there is a significant risk of pollution. To reduce the risk of pollution of our seas and coasts, SOSREP can direct vessels which are in difficulties to a suitable place of refuge. The powers of direction invested in SOSREP are extensive, and are called into play when he believes that the public interest is not being adequately protected. The SOSREP role has proved very successful, as well as being an international first for the UK.
In 2001, along with six other states, the UK pressed for a world-wide initiative to create a Supplementary Fund to the 1992 CLC/Fund to provide further substantial compensation for the most serious oil spills.
The UK played a leading role in the EU and the IMO to secure international agreement to accelerate the phasing out of single hull oil tankers. Double hulls can provide additional protection against spillage in the event of collisions and groundings.
The UK played an active part in the work leading to the development of the EC Vessel traffic monitoring and information system Directive, which covers reporting requirements on ships with dangerous cargoes, the installation of Voyage Data Recorders on ships, the installation of Automatic Identification Systems (AIS) on ships and the establishment of shore-based stations to receive AIS5 information; exchange of vessel traffic information; places of refuge; and measures for shore authorities to take in bad weather conditions. The UK implemented the Directive in national law in 2005.
The UK played a leading role in the IMO in achieving the designation of the Western European Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA), which includes a substantial proportion of the UK's seas and coasts. The PSSA came into effect on 1 July 2005. The protective measure for the PSSA is a mandatory reporting system. The reporting system applies to all tankers of more than 600 deadweight tonnes (dwt) carrying heavy grades of oil.
The Merchant Shipping (Pollution) Bill is currently going through Parliament which will enable the UK to ratify and implement the Supplementary Fund Protocol to the Fund Convention, thereby increasing the amount of compensation available for any one incident to some £621 million.
In addition, work on vessel routeing and traffic management measures has progressed to take account of wider developments in UK policy on the sustainable use of the marine environment, such as the growth in offshore renewable energy, the Government's commitment to introducing a Marine Bill, developments in thinking on marine spatial planning and advances in e-navigation technology. As part of this process, considerable work has gone into the identification of Marine Environmental High Risk Areas and an announcement will be made shortly.
Tom Brake: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list the schemes which arose as an outcome of multi-modal studies which have been awarded investment by his Department, broken down by (a) road construction and (b) public transport schemes and what (i) the amount awarded and (ii) the location of each scheme was in each case. 
Dr. Ladyman: The Multi-Modal Studies were strategic transport studies which developed recommendations for implementation over the short, medium and longer term up to 2031. Many of the schemes recommended required further detailed development and appraisal work before being ready for implementation. In our responses to the Multi-Modal Studies we set out the way in which we wished to see the study recommendations taken forward by the relevant delivery agencies.
The schemes recommended by the Multi-Modal Studies which have reached the stage of programme entry or equivalent with agreed funding allocations are listed in the following tables. A number of other schemes are continuing to be prepared for a decision on programme entry by the respective delivery agencies.
2 Feb 2006 : Column 659W
HA TPI scheme
|Latest budget cost (£ million)|
|Cambridge to Huntingdon||A14 Ellington to Fen Ditton Improvement||Cambridgeshire||490|
|Access to Hastings||A21 Tonbridge to Pembury||Kent||65|
|London to South Midlands||M1 Junction 6a to 10 Widening||Hertfordshire||289|
|London to South Midlands||M1 Junction 10 to 13 widening||Bedfordshire||382|
|A1 North of Newcastle||A1 Morpeth to Felton Dualling||Northumberland||84|
|A1 North of Newcastle||A1 Adderstone to Belford Dualling||Northumberland||14|
|Tyneside Area||A1/A19/A1068 Seaton Burn Junction Improvement||Tyneside||29|
|Tyneside Area||A19/A184 Testos Grade Separated Junction||Tyneside||21|
|London to South Midlands||A505 Dunstable Northern Bypass (A5 to M1 Link)||Bedfordshire||48|
|London to South Midlands||A421 Bedford to M1 Junction 13||Bedfordshire||171|
|London to South West and South Wales||A30 Garland Cross to Chiverton Cross||Cornwall||125|
|London to South West and South Wales||A30 Temple to Higher Carblake Improvement||Cornwall||41|
|North/South Movements in the East Midlands||M1 Junction 21 to 30 widening||Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire||1,915|
|Orbit (M25) -London Orbital Transport Solutions||M25 Junction 1B to 3 widening||Kent||66|
|Orbit (M25) -London Orbital Transport Solutions||M25 Junction 5 to 7 widening||Surrey and Kent||214|
|Orbit (M25) -London Orbital Transport Solutions||M25 Junction 16 to 23 widening||Hertfordshire and Berkshire||496|
|Orbit (M25) -London Orbital Transport Solutions||M25 Junction 23 to 27 widening .||Hertfordshire and Essex||419|
|Orbit (M25) -London Orbital Transport Solutions||M25 Junction 27 to 30 widening||Essex||402|
|A453 (M1 Junction 24 to Nottingham)||A453 Widening (M1 Junction 24 to A52 Nottingham)||Nottinghamshire||90|
|London to Ipswich||M25 Junction 28/A12 Brook Street Interchange||Essex||8|
|South Coast||M27 Junction 11 to 12 Climbing Lanes||Hampshire||27|
|South Coast||M27 Junction 3 to 4 Widening||Hampshire||52|
|South Coast||A27 Southerham to Beddingham Improvement||East Sussex||19|
|South and West Yorkshire MMS||M1 Junction 30 to Junction 31 Widening||Yorkshire||136|
|South and West Yorkshire MMS||M1 Junction 31 to 32 Widening||Yorkshire||20|
|South and West Yorkshire MMS||M1 Junction 32 to 34S Widening||Yorkshire||139|
|South and West Yorkshire MMS||M1 Junction 34N to 37 Widening||Yorkshire||246|
|South and West Yorkshire MMS||M1 Junction 37 to 39 Widening||Yorkshire||224|
|South and West Yorkshire MMS||M1 Junction 39 to 42 Widening||Yorkshire||202|
|South and West Yorkshire MMS||M1 Junction 31 to 32 Northbound Collector/Distributor||Yorkshire||29|
|South and West Yorkshire MMS||M62 Junction 25 to 27 Widening||Yorkshire||215|
|South and West Yorkshire MMS||M62 Junction 27 to 28 Widening||Yorkshire||83|
|Estimated cost (£ million)|
|South Coast||Bexhill to Hastings Link Road||East Sussex||48.5|
|South East Manchester||A34 Alderley Edge Bypass||Cheshire||37.9|
|South East Manchester||South East Manchester Quality Bus Corridor||Greater Manchester||23|
|M60 Junction 18 to 12||JETTS Quality Bus Corridor||Greater Manchester||26.3|
|West Midlands Area||Red Routes (Metropolitan Area Wide)||West Midlands||28|
|Cambridge to Huntingdon||Cambridge Guided Busway||Cambridgeshire||65|
|South and West Yorkshire||A628 Cudworth Bypass||Barnsley||17.2|
|South and West Yorkshire||A57 M1 Junction 31 to Todwick Crossroads||Rotherham||6.3|
|Other local transport plan supplementary bids|
|Cambridge to Huntingdon||Traffic Calming of Villages close to proximity of A14||Cambridgeshire (various Villages)||(6)4|
|Access to Hastings, South Coast, Orbit (M25) and Thames Valley Studies||Local Transport Initiatives (these were smaller schemes from the outcome from the four Multi-Modal Studies undertaken in the South East region)||South East||3.7|
|London to Ipswich||Chelmsford Park and Ride Note: Park and Ride was recommended by the MMS in general terms||Chelsmford, Essex||(6)1.5|
|Norwich to Peterborough||Kings Lynn Bus Station Refurbishment and Improved integration with the railway station; creation of a high quality multi-modal interchange facility at Thetford Railway station, improved bus stop infrastructure in Downham market and pedestrian and cycling signing in market towns||Norfolk (Kings Lynn, Thetford, Downham Market and various Norfolk Market Towns)||(6)1,395|
|A453 MMS||Clifton/Silverdale Integrated Transport Measures||Nottingham||0.850|
Service and capacity improvements that have been implemented on the rail network have contributed
2 Feb 2006 : Column 662W
to the delivery of a number of rail improvements recommended by the Multi Modal Studies. These include:
|West Midlands to North West Conurbation (MIDMAN) and London to South Midlands||West Coast Project|
|London to South Midlands||Construction of 12 car platforms on West Coast south of Northampton -with introduction of longer trains as demand require|
|London to South Midlands||More carrying capacity on Midland Mainline through new franchise and Route Utilisation Outputs|
|South Coast||Introduction of new AshfordBrighton service from December|
|London to South West and South Wales||Capacity and bottleneck relief schemes at locations such as Probus Burngullow, Filton Junction|
|Thames Valley and London to South West and South Wales||Introduction of new timetables on Greater Western enhancing capacity, with further enhancements as a result of the new franchise|
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