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Mr. Evans: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills how many pupils were permanently excluded from (a) primary and (b) secondary schools in Lancashire local education authority areas in each of the last five years for which figures are available. 
Mr. Martlew: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills how many people have left school at 16 in (a) Carlisle constituency and (b) Cumbria with less than the equivalent of five GCSEs at A to C grade in each year since 1994. 
Jacqui Smith: Figures at constituency level are only available from 1996/97 onwards. Information is provided below for each academic year from 1996/97 to 2004/05 for Carlisle constituency, Cumbria local authority and England.
Miss McIntosh: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills how much is spent on average for each school meal for (a) primary school pupils, (b) secondary school pupils and (c) juvenile offenders. 
Jacqui Smith: Estimates based on responses to a recent survey indicate that, on average, local authorities (LA) delegate £1.49 per pupil eligible for free school meals per day at primary school and £1.53 per pupil eligible for free school meals per day at secondary school.
The Department's Cost of Schooling Survey indicated that, on average, parents with a child at primary school spent £1.46 for a school meal and parents with a child at secondary school spent £1.92 for a school meal in 2004.
Jacqui Smith: The Government are determined to transform the quality of food in schools and supports the work local authorities and schools are doing to raise the nutritional standards of school meals.
In March 2005 the Secretary of State for Education and Skills, Ruth Kelly, announced a £235 million package to transform the quality of school meals. In
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October 2005, as part of a three year package and paid as part of their Standards Fund Allocations, schools received a share of £30 million to enable them to fund local improvements such as increased training and working hours for school cooks. A further £60 million (£30 million/£30 million) will be paid in 2006 and 2007. Over the same period, local authorities will receive £130 million (£30 million/£50 million/£50 million).
There is no Government target for spending. The School Meals Review Panel report: Turning the Tables: Transforming School Food, concluded that the average cost of ingredients in primary schools was 48.5p; and in secondary schools was 59.8p. This shows that schools are already well on the way to meeting the Government's aspiration of helping schools to provide meals with ingredients costs of 50p for primary schools and 60p for secondary schools. In some cases, where they have already made significant improvements, schools are spending more than 50/60 pence.
The public consultation carried out between 3 October 2005 and 31 December 2005 on the recommendations in the School Meals Review Panel's Report generated 261 responses. The School Food Trust has announced its advice for the nutritional standards that should apply to school food offered across the school day, including items offered in vending machines and tuck shops. We will seek the views of key stakeholders during March.
September 2004 census showed that there were 2,409 (1,619 full-time equivalent) qualified nurses working in the school nursing service, of whom 856 (607 fte) have a post registration school nursing qualification.
Dr. Evan Harris: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills what assessment she has made ofthe compatibility with Article 2 of Protocol 1 and Article 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights of circumstances where the only practical choice of school is a school with a religious ethos; and if she will make a statement. 
Article 2 of Protocol 1 gives children the right of access to education. It also places an obligation on the state to acknowledge or take into account the
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right of parents to ensure that their child's education conforms to their own religious and philosophical convictions. However, it does not guarantee the right to a place at a particular school.
Article 14 prohibits discrimination in the enjoyment of Convention rights on any ground such as sex, race, colour, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, association with a national minority, property, birth or other status.
Taking into account section 71 of the School Standards and Framework Act 1998 which gives parents the right to withdraw their child from religious education or collective worship, in our view, Article 2 of Protocol 1 is not infringed in cases where a school with a religious ethos may be the only one available to a parent.
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