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22 Mar 2006 : Column 370W—continued

Democratic Republic of Congo

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what steps are being taken by his Department to assist victims of violence and human rights abuses in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with particular reference to victims of sexual violence. [52203]

Hilary Benn: The continuing high levels of sexual violence and human rights violations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) reflect the prevailing culture of impunity in the DRC. The UK is working with the international community to deal with the causes and symptoms of this.

We are supporting humanitarian agencies to provide medical assistance to victims of sexual violence, particularly in the Eastern DRC. We have recently started to fund the Norwegian non-governmental organisation (NGO) Christian Relief Network to set up and run a wing in Panzi hospital, South Kivu, treating women suffering from fistula—which is one of the most serious and devastating consequences of sexual violence. Their programme includes psychological support for patients as well as medical treatment. We are also supporting the International Committee of the Red Cross, who have recently launched a gender based violence pilot programme in the East. The UK will be spending approximately £27 million this financial year
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on humanitarian and health service delivery projects in the DRC through the UN and NGOs. Many of these provide assistance to victims of sexual violence and we remain ready to support other appropriate and effective interventions in this area.

It is also vital to tackle the underlying causes of sexual violence and other abuses of human rights. One of the ways to end the cycle of human rights violations in the DRC is to end the conflict in the country and the whole Great Lakes region. Conflict reduction is the major focus of the UK's engagement in the DRC. We have consistently pushed the Congolese transitional government for faster progress in a number of areas that are critical for making the democratic process a success and avoiding a return to conflict, notably preparations for elections, security sector reform, disarming militias and ending corruption.

The UK has also been working with the DRC authorities and non-governmental organisations to try and start reforming the Congolese justice sector and restoring the rule of law, to reduce the culture of impunity that allows sexual violence to happen and
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those responsible to go unpunished. At a local level in the East we are also support NGOs who are promoting dialogue and peacebuilding work between communities previously in conflict.

Ill-disciplined and underpaid members of the Congolese armed forces (FARDC-Forces Armees de la Republique Democratique du Congo) also create insecurity for local communities. The UK and international partners presented a dossier to President Kabila on 23 January this year cataloguing the most serious abuses carried out by FARDC soldiers, urging that the soldiers concerned be brought to justice.

Multilateral Institutions

Mark Simmonds: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how much (a) funding and (b) technical support his Department has provided to each multilateral agency that it supported in each of the last three years. [55921]

Hilary Benn: The following table details the funding DFID has provided to each multilateral agency we have supported in the last three years:
DFID expenditure on multilateral contributions

DFID programme
European Community
European Development Fund132545230883253655
European Commission National Experts157114191206
European Investment Bank310830342598
EC Attribution733505796058640780
Total European Community8707291031394898239
World Bank Group
International Development Association220290381120205140
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)000
International Finance Corporation577576242
World Bank Group TC10728981073
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency000
Total World Bank Group221939382594206455
IMF Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility1143494171767
Global Environmental Assistance272536113352368
HIPC Trust Fund Payments178551994942123
Regional Development Banks
African Development Bank10261051841
African Devlopment Fund331983203334602
Asian Development Bank1091936689
Asian Development Fund261032393521864
Caribbean Development Fund531903286
Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)3981820
IADB Fund for Special Operations000
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)150821678815898
Multilateral Development Bank TC843054664985
Total Regional Development Banks906478039182165
Commonwealth Foundation428253272
Commonwealth Fund for Technical Co-operation596355797309
Commonwealth Science Council26600
Commonwealth Youth Programme697726719
Pacific Community000
Other Commonwealth265112252
Total Commonwealth761966708552
UN Agencies
Food and Agricultural Organisation(3)612963236872
International Atomic Energy Authority000
International Fund for Agricultural Development300052997899
International Labour Ogranisation138741764200
Office for Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs341345074511
UN Agency for Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA)188072364617229
UN AIDS305230008069
UN Childrens Fund (UNICEF)173661730319771
UN Development Programme (UNDP)449344279143039
UN Drugs Control Programmes000
UN Environment Programme000
UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR)144321448419916
UN Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO)356038463844
UN Population Fund90001810020038
UN Regular Budget000
World Food Programme(5)814152498
World Health Organisation (WHO)341563442727689
World Meteorological Organisation000
Other UN Agencies431357185791
Total UN Agencies(6)166882187900194080
International Research Organisations
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)7464763316071
Of which:
Int Centre for Agric Research in the Dry Areas560560780
Int Centre for Living Aquatic Resources M'ment254345500
Int Centre for Tropical Agriculture636523720
Int Crop Research Inst for the Semi-Arid Tropics7607501200
Int Food Policy Research Institute249190869
Int Institute for Tropical Agriculture650673620
Int Irrigation Management Institute5902869
Int Livestock Research Institute73010501538
Int Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre8307803590
Int Plant Genetics Resources Institute731650910
Int Potato Centre717702640
Int Rice Research Institute8587501120
Int Service for National Agricultural Research200430290
West Africa Rice Development Association230230425
CAB International425.5650850
Int Centre for Dev Research in Agriculture162140250
Other International Research610700
Total International Research Organisations8112.5842317871
Total multilateral contributions142247017878711503620

(3) This includes only contributions to the FAO which are counted as aid.
(4) This includes only contributions to UNESCO which are counted as aid.
(5) This is the regular programme of food aid. It does not include emergency food aid which is classified as bilateral humanitarian expenditure.
(6) In addition to these core contributions, DFID also channels some bilateral expenditure through UN agencies. The total amount spent through UN organisations is estimated to be in the region of £300 million annually.
Memo—contributions from DFID funds which are not reportable to DAC and so excluded from within the table:
Food and Agricultural Organisation: (£000)
UNESCO: (£000)
Statistics on International Development 2005.

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John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what assessment he has made of levels of corruption in Nigeria; and what steps are being taken by his Department to promote and support good governance there. [52202]

Hilary Benn: As for other countries, DFID's assessment of corruption and governance in Nigeria draws on a range of analysis, including that by the World Bank and by national and international non-governmental organisations. DFID's own Drivers of Change analysis, undertaken in 2004, highlighted Nigeria's history of systematic mismanagement of oil revenues as one of the main constraints to poverty reduction in Nigeria. In 2005, DFID and other development partners supported a national benchmarking of State governments, which measured a range of governance indicators, including what each State has done to address corruption. DFID is currently working with the World Bank to undertake a review of public financial management at Federal and State level, using the internationally agreed Public Expenditure Financial Accountability (PEFA) benchmarks.

Improved governance is one of the three pillars of Nigeria's poverty reduction strategy, the National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS). As part of its support to NEEDS, DFID is providing technical support for reforms in public financial management and service delivery systems at both Federal and State level. At the Federal level, DFID supports reforms which are being implemented by a team of Ministers put in place by President Obasanjo following the 2003 elections. Discernible progress has been made on economic reform and on fighting corruption. At State level, DFID is focusing its support on a group of states that have shown, particularly through the benchmarking exercise noted earlier, that they are committed to better governance and transparency.

DFID is also supporting reforms in the police and justice sector, along with support for measures to improve the electoral process in 2003 and 2007. DFID will shortly launch a new programme of assistance to enhance the capacity of the National Assembly.

Nigeria is leading the world in taking forward the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) to promote transparency in the use of oil revenue. Complementing the support which DFID has provided for the EITI globally, DFID in Nigeria has provided specific technical and financial support to a unit in the Finance Ministry responsible for coordinating audits of oil and gas revenue.

DFID and the FCO are jointly providing technical support to the work of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), which is responsible for the investigation and prosecution of a number of high profile corruption cases in recent months. EFCC investigations have led to the early retirement and subsequent imprisonment of the Inspector General of Police, the removal of the Education Minister and the resignation of the Senate President. Most recently, EFCC provided evidence that led to the impeachment of the former Governor of Bayelsa State, after he jumped bail on money laundering charges in the UK. The former Governor is now being prosecuted in Nigeria.
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The UK's support to EFCC is designed to complement a much larger programme of support from the EC.

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