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To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will break down by city in the south west the figures produced for the percentage of would-be entrepreneurs aged 16 to 24 years and 16 to 64
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years in the south west as set out in the Small Business Service Household Survey of Entrepreneurship 2003. 
Alun Michael: A breakdown of the Small Business Service Household Survey of Entrepreneurship 2003 results by city is not possible since there are too few interviews in many cities to provide statistically reliable estimates.
Chris Huhne: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (1) if he will list the occasions on which the UK has voted against the adoption of measures under the social chapter of the treaty on European Union since 1997; 
(3) if he will list the statutory instruments that have given effect to the directives and other EU legislation passed in consequence of the adoption of the social chapter of the treaty on European Union; 
(4) if he will list the changes to (a) working hours, (b) holidays, (c) maternity and paternity leave and (d) other terms and conditions of employment resulting from the UK's adoption of the social chapter of the treaty on European Union. 
Mr. Sutcliffe: In 1991, in what was then the social chapter, the EU provided for member states to reach agreement on certain aspects of social policy. In 1997 the UK ended its opt out from the social chapter, which was then fully incorporated into the Amsterdam treaty in June 1997, coming into force in May 1999.
Implemented in the UK by the Sex Discrimination (Indirect Discrimination and Burden of Proof) Regulations 2001. These provide that once a prima facie case has been made in an employment tribunal claim, the burden of proof is placed on the defendant (usually the employer) who will need to demonstrate that sex discrimination has not occurred.
Implemented in the UK by the Part-time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations 2000. These provide for entitlement of part-time workers to the same pro-rata terms and conditions of employment as full-time workers;
Implemented in the UK by the Information and Consultation of Employees Regulations 2004. These provide for new minimum standards for workforce consultation and involvement in firms with 50 or more employees;
Implemented in the UK by the Transnational Information and Consultation of Employees Regulations 1999. These require companies with at least 1,000 employees in total across the member states and at least 150 workers in each of two or more of those member states, to establish structures for consulting workers on issues that affect them.
This directive incorporates European Court of Justice case law and strengthens the principle of equal treatment and the way it works in practice. Implemented in the UK by the Employment Equality (Sex Discrimination) Regulations 2005, these amend the Sex Discrimination Act and Equal Pay Act in respect of employment and vocational training.
Mr. Davey: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what steps he has taken to ensure that British holidaymakers are able to seek some form of financial redress in appropriate instances where travellers are not undertaking a traditional package holiday; and if he will make a statement on the responsibilities of travel operators providing non-package holidays to ensure that compensation is made available for customers in the event of problems with that provision. 
Mr. Sutcliffe: The Package Travel, Package Holidays and Package Tours Regulations 1992 (SI 1992/3288) place certain liabilities on businesses which fall within the regime for the proper performance of the contract, and requires them to provide sufficient evidence of security for the refund of money and repatriation in the event of insolvency. The regulations apply to businesses which organise, or sell, or offer to sell, at an inclusive price a pre-arranged combination of at least two of the following elements: travel; accommodation; and, other tourist services.
The regulations implement the Package Travel Directive (90/314/EEC) which is one of eight consumer facing directives currently undergoing review by the European Commission. We have not yet received any proposals for change to this directive from the Commission.
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Holidaymakers who choose to make their own arrangements for travel and accommodation as separate items do not benefit from the provisions of the regulations, as there is no third party putting together a package of arrangements for them. However, those individual businesses with whom the holidaymaker contracts for services are obliged to meet their contractual obligations to the holidaymaker in the normal manner.
The Air Travel Organisers Licence (ATOL) scheme provides financial protection for package holiday travellers, including protection against airline bankruptcy. ATOL does not cover independently booked flights. For these flights, several airlines have agreed voluntary repatriation measures to ensure that stranded passengers are returned home at moderate cost. As regards refunds, several airlines now offer insurance against insolvency, and include notices on their websites highlighting the benefits of such insurance. The Government have also recently stressed the need for travellers to take out insurance against a range of misfortunes or expenses which can occur abroad.
Mr. Sutcliffe: The Office for National Statistics holds records of the type requested in respect of overseas visits by UK residents only, for the years 1993 to 2004 inclusive. These are reproduced in the following table. Iam not aware of any similarly extrapolated figures for package and non-package trips by UK residents within the UK.
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