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Entrepreneurs (South-West)

Alison Seabeck: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will break down by city in the south west the figures produced for the percentage of would-be entrepreneurs aged 16 to 24 years and 16 to 64
 
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years in the south west as set out in the Small Business Service Household Survey of Entrepreneurship 2003. [63366]

Alun Michael: A breakdown of the Small Business Service Household Survey of Entrepreneurship 2003 results by city is not possible since there are too few interviews in many cities to provide statistically reliable estimates.

However, the percentages of would-be entrepreneurs for the whole of the south west, and for all of England, are available.

Of those aged 16 to 24 years in the south west Government Office region, it is estimated that 19 per cent. are would-be entrepreneurs, compared with an England average of 14 per cent.

Of those aged 16 to 64 years in the south west Government Office region, it is estimated that 11 per cent. are would-be entrepreneurs, the same as the England average of 11 per cent.

EU Social Chapter

Chris Huhne: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (1) if he will list the occasions on which the UK has voted against the adoption of measures under the social chapter of the treaty on European Union since 1997; [63855]

(2) if he will list the directives and regulations with which the UK must comply in order to meet the requirements of the social chapter of the treaty on European Union; [63856]

(3) if he will list the statutory instruments that have given effect to the directives and other EU legislation passed in consequence of the adoption of the social chapter of the treaty on European Union; [63857]

(4) if he will list the changes to (a) working hours, (b) holidays, (c) maternity and paternity leave and (d) other terms and conditions of employment resulting from the UK's adoption of the social chapter of the treaty on European Union. [63858]

Mr. Sutcliffe: In 1991, in what was then the social chapter, the EU provided for member states to reach agreement on certain aspects of social policy. In 1997 the UK ended its opt out from the social chapter, which was then fully incorporated into the Amsterdam treaty in June 1997, coming into force in May 1999.

Since 1997 the Government have not voted against the adoption of any measures introduced as a result of the social chapter.

Directives introduced as a result of the social chapter, UK implementing legislation, and their effect are:

The burden of proof in cases of discrimination based on sex directive


 
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The part-time workers directive

The fixed term work directive

National information and consultation directive

Parental leave directive

European Works Council directive

Directive amending the 1976 directive on equal treatment for men and women in employment and vocational training

Consumer Protection (Holidays)

Mr. Davey: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what steps he has taken to ensure that British holidaymakers are able to seek some form of financial redress in appropriate instances where travellers are not undertaking a traditional package holiday; and if he will make a statement on the responsibilities of travel operators providing non-package holidays to ensure that compensation is made available for customers in the event of problems with that provision. [64395]

Mr. Sutcliffe: The Package Travel, Package Holidays and Package Tours Regulations 1992 (SI 1992/3288) place certain liabilities on businesses which fall within the regime for the proper performance of the contract, and requires them to provide sufficient evidence of security for the refund of money and repatriation in the event of insolvency. The regulations apply to businesses which organise, or sell, or offer to sell, at an inclusive price a pre-arranged combination of at least two of the following elements: travel; accommodation; and, other tourist services.

The regulations implement the Package Travel Directive (90/314/EEC) which is one of eight consumer facing directives currently undergoing review by the European Commission. We have not yet received any proposals for change to this directive from the Commission.
 
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Holidaymakers who choose to make their own arrangements for travel and accommodation as separate items do not benefit from the provisions of the regulations, as there is no third party putting together a package of arrangements for them. However, those individual businesses with whom the holidaymaker contracts for services are obliged to meet their contractual obligations to the holidaymaker in the normal manner.

The Air Travel Organisers Licence (ATOL) scheme provides financial protection for package holiday travellers, including protection against airline bankruptcy. ATOL does not cover independently booked flights. For these flights, several airlines have agreed voluntary repatriation measures to ensure that stranded passengers are returned home at moderate cost. As regards refunds, several airlines now offer insurance against insolvency, and include notices on their websites highlighting the benefits of such insurance. The Government have also recently stressed the need for travellers to take out insurance against a range of misfortunes or expenses which can occur abroad.

Mr. Davey: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how much was spent by consumers on (a) package holidays and (b) non-package holidays in each of the last 20 years. [64394]

Mr. Sutcliffe: The Office for National Statistics holds records of the type requested in respect of overseas visits by UK residents only, for the years 1993 to 2004 inclusive. These are reproduced in the following table. Iam not aware of any similarly extrapolated figures for package and non-package trips by UK residents within the UK.
International passenger surveyUK residents visits abroad (holidays only)—1993 to 2004

Visits (thousand)Spending
(£ million)
1993Independent11,5333,803
Non-independent (package)13,6005,256
1994Independent12,0964,032
Non-independent (package)15,0925,994
1995Independent12,6414,258
Non-independent (package)15,1666,167
1996Independent12,8644,617
Non-independent (package)13,9015,993
1997Independent13,7454,897
Non-independent (package)15,3936,210
1998Independent14,8695,582
Non-independent (package)17,4376,913
1999Independent15,9466,610
Non-independent (package)19,0777,945
2000Independent16,6307,161
Non-independent (package)20,0558,623
2001Independent18,0397,934
Non-independent (package)20,6319,384
2002Independent19,2648,846
Non-independent (package)20,6389,730
2003Independent21,68310,138
Non-independent (package)19,5159,649
2004Independent23,10910,850
Non-independent (package)19,80310,303




Source:
International Passenger Survey, Office for National Statistics




 
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