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Mr. Martlew: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what the average earnings were of full-time employees in (a) Carlisle, (b) Eden, (c) Allerdale, (d) Copeland, (e) Barrow and (f) South Lakes district council areas based on the annual survey of hours and earnings in each year since 1997. 
As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question to ask what the average earnings of full-time employees in (a) Carlisle, (b) Eden, (c) Allerdale, (d) Copeland, (e) Barrow-In-Furness and (f) South Lakeland was in each year since 1997. (70154)
Average earnings are estimated from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE), and are provided for full time employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey period was not affected by absence. This is the standard definition used for ASHE. The ASHE does not collect data on the self employed and people who do unpaid work.
I attach tables showing Average Gross Weekly Earnings by place of work for the years 1997 to 2005 for Full Time Employees on Adult Rates. These statistics are already published on the National Statistics website at: http://www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/Product.asp?vlnk=13101.
The ASHE, carried out in April of each year, is the most comprehensive source of earnings information in the United Kingdom. It is a 1 per cent. sample of all employees who are members of pay-as-you-earn (PAYE) schemes.
|Gross weekly(£) pay for full-time employee jobs( 1) by place of work|
The median replaces the mean as the headline statistic. The weighted mean is the sum of the weighted values divided by the sum of the weights. The median is the value below which 50 per cent. of employees fall. It is preferred over the mean for earnings data as it is influenced less by extreme values and because of the skewed distribution of earnings data.
Mr. Stewart Jackson: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what research he has evaluated on the impact on employment levels in the UK of immigration from EU accession countries since May 2004; and if he will make a statement. 
Ed Balls: It is widely believed that net inward migration makes a positive contribution to growth of
the UK labour force and employment. With respect to the labour market, since May 2004 employment levels in the UK have risen to record highs, in part due to the expansion of the work force from immigration.
A paper entitled The Impact of Free Movement of Workers from Central and Eastern Europe on the UK Labour Market (2006) published by the Department for Work and Pensions, suggests that the impact of migration from the new EU member states has been broadly positive, reflecting the flexibility and speed of adjustment of the UK labour market. The authors also found no discernible statistical evidence supporting the view that the inflow of A8 migrants is contributing to a rise in claimant unemployment in the UK.
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