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Mrs. McGuire: Workplace Health Connect was launched on 23 February 2006. The service is now up and running, providing free, impartial and practical advice and support on workplace health, safety and return to work issues to small businesses. The aim of the service is to provide employers and workers with the necessary knowledge and skills to manage workplace health issues for themselves.
Workplace Health Connect is a collaborative service, set up in partnership with the Health and Safety Executive, offering a telephone Adviceline for England and Wales, and workplace visits from qualified Workplace Health Connect advisers. The workplace visits are currently available in the North East, North West, West Midlands, South Wales and Greater London, covering approximately 38 per cent. of small businesses in England and Wales.
Owners of small businesses and their employees can access the service by calling the Workplace Health Connect Adviceline on 0845 609 6006. They can talk to
an expert adviser about their own particular workplace challenges to help them find appropriate solutions.
Mrs. McGuire [holding answer 22 May 2006]: The most reliable and comparable data on days lost due to stress in the workplace in Britain are provided by the surveys of self-reported work-related illness (SWI) in 2001-02, 2003-04 and 2004-05. They relate to sickness absences taken by people who believed that they were suffering from work-related stress, depression or anxiety and are given in the following table:
|Estimated full day equivalent working days lost (in millions) due to work-related stress, depression or anxiety|
Data from an earlier SWI survey in 1995 provides an estimate of 4.6 million days lost due to work-related stress, depression or anxiety in Britain. This is not comparable with later SWI survey estimates because of differences in design, coverage and the level of information collected. Indications suggest that if it was possible to put this estimate on the same basis as later SWI data it could be up to 3 to 4 million lost working days lost different. Despite this uncertainty it is clear that days lost to work-related stress, depression or anxiety were lower in 1995 than 2001-02 and subsequent years.
Tim Loughton: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what plans he has to review the eligibility of young carers undertaking more than 21 hours of supervised study to claim carers allowance. 
Mrs. McGuire: Carers allowance is available to young carers aged 16 or over who undertake training or part-time education, but it is not available to those in full-time education involving 21 hours or more of supervised study a week. This is because young people aged 16 or over who remain in full-time non-advanced education are regarded as financially dependent on their parents, who can receive child benefit and child tax credits on their behalf. Support for those who choose to undertake full-time advanced education is provided by the student support system rather than by social security benefits. We keep social security rules under constant review, but we have no current plans to change the full-time education rule in carers allowance.
Andrew George: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what the total number of days lost due to (a) sickness absence and (b) unauthorised absence in (i) his Department, (ii) its agencies and (iii) its non-departmental public bodies was in each year since 2000. 
All figures rounded to the nearest 100.
Statistics on the average number of working days lost per staff-year for all Government Department and Agencies each year since 1999 is published on the civil service website at: http://www.civilservice.gov.uk/management/conditions_of_service/publications/index.asp#sickness
promote and require full compliance with the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986; the 3 Rs (reduction, replacement and refinement); other relevant protective legislation; and respect for relevant advice on animal welfare (e.g. the Farm Animal Welfare Councils Five Freedoms);
ensure that animals are only used in research when there are no appropriate replacement alternatives, and where the protocols applied reflect all reasonably and practically available reduction and replacement strategies to minimise any suffering that is likely to result;
actively seek alternatives to using live animals through funding of research;
encourage data sharing between contractors to prevent duplication of animal research and reduce numbers of experiments;
ensure that all individuals involved in the commissioning of DEFRA-funded researchincluding DEFRA scientific and policy staff, independent advisers and research contractorsare fully aware of DEFRAs policy and approach.
funding research to develop, validate and replace existing test methods which use animals with in vitro tests;
development of non-invasive monitoring procedures to obviate the need for blood and tissue sampling;
funding the collection and archiving of tissues from experimental animals so that these can be used in future research by the same and other researchers, thereby reducing the need for further animal experiments;
greater use of statistical analysis of previously published animal experimental data to reduce the need for further experimentation;
strongly encouraging contractors to publish the results of DEFRA-funded research to avoid unnecessary duplication of animal experimentation.
Mr. Drew: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what the emissions target is for carbon dioxide emissions for each EU country under the EU emissions trading scheme for 2006; and what targets are planned for each of the next five years. 
Ian Pearson: The following table, published on the European Commission website(1), shows the total allowances allocated by member states for phase I (2005-07) in their national allocation plans. Most countries have allocated these allowances evenly over the three years.
|Member state||Phase I CO 2 allowances (million tonnes)||Percentage share of EU allowances|
Member states are currently preparing plans for phase II (2008-12) in which they will determine their total allocations for the five year period. European Commission guidance states that the emissions caps must use the phase I allocation as a starting point and must make steps towards each member states Kyoto protocol target under the burden sharing agreement. Member states must submit final installation level allocation plans to the Commission by 31 December 2006.
Chris Huhne: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs if he will estimate the yield to the Exchequer from a UK auction of 10 per cent. of allowances under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme at a price of (a) 10, (b) 15, (c) 20 and (d) 30 euros per tonne of carbon from 2008. 
Ian Pearson: The total number of allowances to be allocated in phase II of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (2008-12) has yet to be decided. The draft UK National Allocation Plan, currently out for public consultation, explains that the final figure will represent a reduction against Business As Usual emissions of between 3 and 8 MtC a year. The projections for Business As Usual are currently being evaluated following consultation. It is not therefore possible at this stage to precisely calculate the yield from auction at these prices.
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