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Improved analysis of PA institutional development;
A fund to assist DFID to finance strategic interventions to support a peace process and economic development.
Until the Hamas Government agree to the conditions set out by the Quartet, UK Government aid will be channelled outside the Palestinian Authority. We expect to contribute through a new temporary international mechanism to provide support for Palestinian basic needs.
The UK also provides funding through the Global Conflict Prevention Pool (GCPP), which is managed jointly by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), DFID and the Ministry of Defence (MOD). Current projects in the Palestinian Territories:
Military liaison officer for the Palestinians;
Training needs analysis for national security forces (currently suspended);
Military advisor to the special envoy for disengagement (currently suspended);
Close protection support for President of the Palestinian Authority;
Appointment of a Financial Liaison Officer to the Palestinian Authority (currently suspended); and
Water pollution management in Israel, Jordan and Palestinian Authority.
Peace Now - Settlement Watch;
Ir Amin - advocacy project on status of Jerusalem;
Economic Co-operation Foundation - Gaza disengagement;
Council for Peace and Security - advocacy work on Israeli separation;
HaMoKed/BTselem - Freedom of movement for Palestinians;
Palestinian media activities in support of the Roadmap (jointly funded with USAID); and
Ad Hoc Liason Committee - donor co-ordination.
In Iraq, the UK Government have pledged a total of £544 million for reconstruction from 2003 until 2006 (including contributions from DFID, the FCO and the MOD, the GCPP, and the UK's share of EC funding in Iraq). The UK has disbursed over £533 million.
DFID's programme for 2006-07 in Iraq focuses on four key areas of economic reform; infrastructure improvements; governance and institution building; and support for civil society and political participation. This is through the projects listed, through our work as a major contributor to the United Nations and World Bank Trust Funds for Iraq, and by helping other donors to establish programmes in Iraq. DFID is currently funding the following projects:
Iraq Infrastructure Services Project to deliver improved power and water services in southern Iraq;
Operation Ampere providing 10 generators for southern governorates;
Governorates capacity building programme (GCBP) supporting the southern provinces in planning and budgeting skills. In Basra, the UK-led provincial reconstruction team (PRT) is developing an integrated approach to governance, rule of law, economic development and infrastructure. The PRT draws together existing GCBP funding with US funding on governance (plus further programme funding from the US
of $15 million from October 2006), US military funding and Danish funds on agriculture and irrigation;
Support to the centre of Government. This programme is building communications, management and core civil service expertise in the Prime Minister's office, Council of Ministers' Secretariat and Government Communications Directorate;
Supporting Economic Reform, helping the Ministry of Finance to lead and manage a programme of macro-economic and budget reform in Iraq;
BBC World Service Trust Project, strengthening independent broadcasting in the south;
Political Participation Fund. This project seeks to encourage broad participation in national and local elections and the constitutional debate; and
Civil Society Fund. We provide funding to UK non-governmental organisations who forge mentoring partnerships with Iraqi civil society organisations to build their capacity.
Police training and mentoring;
Prisons mentoring and support;
Ministry of Interior support to improve accountability and reduce scope for abuses and corruption;
Provision of a justice adviser.
In Afghanistan, DFID's aid programme (£102 million in 2006-7) supports three of the Afghan Government's own objectives, as set out in their Interim Afghanistan National Development Strategy: (i) building effective state institutions; (ii) improving economic management and the effectiveness of aid to Afghanistan; and (iii) improving the livelihoods of rural people. Current projects are in the following list.
Afghanistan Stabilisation Programme;
Technical Assistance to Ministry of Counter Narcotics /Ministry of Interior to strengthen Counter-Narcotics Institutions;
Support to Provincial Stabilisation;
Technical Assistance to the Civil Service Commission for Public Administration Reform;
Technical Assistance to the Office of the President's Spokesman;
Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit: Drivers of Change research;
Support to British Agencies in Afghanistan Group; and
Support to Centre of Government Institutions.
Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund;
Counter Narcotics Trust Fund;
Technical Assistance to Ministry of Finance on Tax Administration;
Technical Assistance for Customs and the Cabinet Secretariat;
Technical Assistance to Ministry of Finance on Budget Formulation;
Technical Assistance to Ministry of Commerce on Private Sector Development;
Technical Assistance to Ministry of Mines and Industry; and
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency.
National Solidarity Programme (Government Programme);
Micro-finance Investment Support Facility in Afghanistan (Government Programme);
Eastern Hazarajat Alternative Livelihoods Project (UN FAO);
Alternative Agricultural Livelihoods Programme (UN FAO);
Badakhshan - Aga Khan Development Network AL programme;
Research into Alternative Livelihoods Fund; and
Agricultural Input Supply Programme
Over 70 per cent. of our aid goes directly to the Government of Afghanistan. The UK is the largest donor to the Government's recurrent budgetcovering annual costs such as salaries for teachers and health workers. This is exactly what the Afghan Government wantand is the best chance for building effective state institutions that will last.
|Financial year||Support to the PA (£ million)|
This support has included technical assistance and financial aid, including budgetary support. These figures are in addition to Palestinian projects implemented outside the PA, including contributions to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) for refugees.
Following Hamas victory in the Palestinian Legislative Council elections of January 2006, and their subsequent failure to meet the Quartet principles, all direct aid to the Palestinian Authority has been suspended.
Hilary Benn: Until the Hamas-led Government complies with the principles laid out by the Quartet (the United Nations, the United States of America, Russia and the European Union), direct aid to the Palestinian Authority will not be possible. The principles are that the Hamas-led Government should recognise Israel, renounce violence, and accept previous agreements and obligations, including the Roadmap.
However, DFIDs programme of support to the Palestinian people will continue. In April we released £15 million to the United Nations Relief and Works
Agency which provides health, education and other basic services to Palestinian refugees.
Hilary Benn: The Education for All Global Monitoring Report is the primary source of data on country progress towards the Millennium Development Goal of universal primary education. It does not include data about the building of new schools. For DFID bilaterally to collect such data across Africa would involve a disproportionate cost. We are, however, tracking data on the numbers of girls and boys in school and on progress towards meeting the universal primary education and gender equality Millennium Development Goals.
Mr. Roger Williams: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development if he will make a statement on the ways in which the UK is sharing skills with African countries, with particular reference to plumbers and electricians and training young people. 
Hilary Benn: DFID does not provide any specific vocational training for trainee plumbers and electricians. However, DFIDs Higher Education Links programme has facilitated training for many young people. For example, a link between the University of Natal in South Africa and the University of Ulster has enabled the training of community youth workers to work in poor communities.
Following a review of the Links programme, DFID recently launched a new £15 million programme, Development Partnerships in Higher Education (DelPHE) that will run until March 2013. The DelPHE, managed by the British Council, will support a variety of partnerships between higher education institutions, enabling them to collaborate on activities linked to sustainable development, science and technology, and the reduction of poverty.
Dr. Ladyman: The cross-Government steering group, which has been reviewing the options for the A303 at Stonehenge, will be producing a report to Ministers in the summer. This will set out the results of the public consultation and a detailed assessment of the shortlisted options. We will need to carefully consider this report before deciding on a way forward.
|Network Rail (NR) route||Percentage of cancellations due to vandalism per NR route|
Hugh Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether the Government have any plans to introduce a maximum blood alcohol limit for (a) recreational mariners and (b) those in charge of a boat. 
Dr. Ladyman: Following a consultation in 2004 and more recent evidence given to us, including two Marine Accident Investigation Branch recommendations, we are now working with interested parties to see what appropriate measures should be taken to implement the relevant provisions of the Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003.
Hugh Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what assessment the Government have made of the results of the 2004 consultation into a maximum blood alcohol limit for recreational mariners. 
Dr. Ladyman: We are currently reassessing all the views in the light of the Marine Accident Investigation Branch recommendations delivered earlier this year and will make an announcement once that exercise is complete.
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