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|Table 2: Percentage of pensioners survey|
|1994-95 to 1996-97||1995-96 to 1997-98||1996-97 to 1998-99||1997-98 to 1998-99||1998-99 to 2000-01||1999-2000 to 2001-02||2000-01 to 2002-03||2001-02 to 2003-04||2002-03 to 2004-05|
| Notes: 1. Percentages are provided using a three-year moving average, as single-year estimates do not provide a robust guide to year-on-year changes. Hence, figures are not consistent with any previously published single-year estimates and there may be differences in changes over time. In circumstances such as a change in trend, moving averages will show less variation than single-year estimates. 2. In this answer low income is determined for individuals as living in households with incomes below 60 per cent. of the GB median. Source: Family Resources.|
James Purnell: Specific information regarding low income for Great Britain is available in Households Below Average Income 1994/95-2004/05. The threshold of below 60 per cent. contemporary median income is the most commonly used in reporting trends in low income.
|Table 1: Median weekly household income in pounds per week equivalised, of pensioners in the lowest three deciles1994-95 to 2004-05, after housing costs|
|Decile 1||Decile 2||Decile 3|
1. Median weekly household incomes are shown as equivalised pounds in 2004-05 prices. Equivalisation is the process by which household income is adjusted by household size and composition as a proxy for material living standards.
2. The median has been used as the measure of the average income in the three lowest deciles in line with HBAI conventions. This median measure is preferred to the mean because it measures the central income of the group and for the lowest decile it is less influenced by possibly unrepresentative outliers.
3. All estimates are subject to sampling error and response bias and small changes between years may be influenced by these. While results for individual years may be sensitive to the way in which household incomes are adjusted for size and composition, the picture of changes over time is less sensitive to this.
Family Resources Survey
James Purnell: As a result of the measures we have introduced since 1997, we will be spending £10.5 billion more on pensioners this year than would otherwise have been the case. Our policies target help on the poorest pensioners in particular, with over £5 billion of the additional money going to the poorest third of pensioners. Between 1996-97 and 2004-05, the number of pensioners living in relative low income, fell from 2.8 million to 1.8 million, and a pensioner in Britain today is no more likely to be in poverty than anyone else.
In total, in 2006-07 we plan to spend £78.8 billion in cash benefits for pensioners. Additional help is provided through benefits in kind such as free prescriptions, eye tests, bus travel and television licences, and help with home insulation. Around £14 billion will be spent on benefits targeted on low-income pensioners: pension credit, housing benefit and council tax benefit. This ensures that no single pensioner need live on less than £114.05 a week, and no couple on less than £174.05 a week.
James Purnell: To ensure that all pensioner households are able to keep their homes warm throughout the winter period we introduced winter fuel payments in 1997. We have increased these from £20 in 1997-08 to the current value of £200 for people between 60 and 79 years of age, and £300 for the over 80s.
The Government are committed to combating poverty among todays pensioners, for example by uprating the standard minimum guarantee in pension credit in line with earnings growth. In our Pension Reform White Paper we made a commitment to continue with this policy for the long term as part of the new overall pensions settlement.
Between 1996-07 and 2004-05 (the latest year for which pensioner income is available) incomes increased by 25 per cent. in real terms, compared with a 15 per cent. real terms increase in fuel prices and water bills between 1996-07 and 2006. It is important to note that while pensioner incomes tend to increase on a linear basis, with 4 per cent. real growth between 2003-04 and 2004-05 building on the growth in earlier years, utility
prices tend to fluctuate. According to Office for National Statistics data, fuel prices and water bills fell by 9 per cent. in real terms between 1996 and 2003, before increasing by 27 per cent. between 2003 and 2006.
Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many fatal accidents at work there were in each of the past 30 years; and what the rate of such accidents was per 100,000 workers in each year. 
The figures reflect a steady downward trend in the incidence rate of the work force fatally injured while at work. The 2005-06 fatal injury rate is the lowest on record, and within the latest comparative data across the European Union, Great Britain has the lowest rate of workplace fatal injury per 100,000 workers with an incidence rate of 1.1 compared with an average of 2.5 for the European Union.
The Health and Safety Commission continues to deliver its risk-based strategy to improve Great Britains health and safety performance through a targeted programme of interventions that concentrates resources on the highest areas of incidence and the poorest performers.
|Reporting regime/Year( 1)||Number of fatal injuries||Rate of fatal injury per 100,000 workers( 2)|
Employees and the self-employed (workers)the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1985, including those injuries in the offshore oil and gas industry collected under offshore installations safety legislation, before 1996-97
Employees and the self-employed (workers)the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995. Revised arrangements introduced the reporting of physical injuries resulting from acts of violence suffered by people at work
|(1) Figures from 1976 to 1985 are on a calendar year basis. Figures from 1986-87 onwards are based on a planning year 1 April-31 March.|
(2) Rates of injury for the period 1976 to 1980 may be subject to slight underestimation, as the numeratorthe reported fatal injuries for the periodhad lower coverage than in subsequent legislation (and principally, excluded employees and those self-employed in health, public administration and education). The denominatorthe available employment estimates for the periodtakes no account of this reduction in coverage, in order to maximise consistency across the whole series.
(3) In addition to the fatalities presented in the table, a further 123 deaths in both 1978 and 1979, and 139 deaths in 1980, were reported voluntarily under circumstances covered by the Health and Safety at Work Act, but not statutorily reportable at that time.
(4) Includes the 167 fatalities in the Piper Alpha disaster, 6 July 1988.
(5) Figures for 2005-06 are provisional and subject to change.
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