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|Table 2: Period life expectancy at birth( 1, ) wards in the London boroughs of Redbridge and Waltham Forest( 2 ) females, 1999 to 2003( 3)|
|Years of life|
|Ward||Life expectancy||95 per cent. confidence interval( 4)||Communal establishment indicator( 5)|
|(1) Period life expectancy at birth is an estimate of the average number of years a newborn baby would survive if he or she experienced the areas age-specific mortality rates for that time period throughout his or her life. The figure reflects mortality among those living in the area in each time period, rather than mortality among those born in each area.|
It is not therefore the number of years a baby born in the area in each time period could actually expect to live, both because the death rates of the area are likely to change in the future and because many of those born in the area will live elsewhere for at least some part of their lives.
(2) Using boundaries as of 2005 and population estimates based on the 2001 Census for all the years shown.
(3) Five year averages, based on deaths registered in each year, and experimental ward population estimates based on the 2001 Census.
(4) Confidence intervals are a measure of the statistical precision of an estimate and show the range of uncertainty around the estimated figure. Calculations based on small numbers of events are often subject to random fluctuations. As a general rule, if the confidence interval around one figure overlaps with the interval around another, we cannot say with certainty that there is more than a chance difference between the two figures.
(5) The presence of medical and care communal establishments, such as nursing homes and hospices, can artificially depress the average life expectancy of the ward in which they are located. To aid interpretation of the figures, this indicator shows the proportion of the female population of each ward, aged 65 and over, who were resident in such establishments in 2001. For this purpose, all wards in England and Wales (not only the wards in these boroughs) were divided into six groups which are numbered from 0 to 5.
0 means that none of the over-65 population lived in medical and care communal establishments.
1 means that the proportion of the over-65 population in such establishments was in the lowest fifth of all wards.
5 means that the proportion of the over-65 population in such establishments was in the highest fifth of all wards.
As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question on the share of national income going to a) wages and b) salaries for each year since 1992. (100387)
We are unable to provide levels split between wages and salaries. The following table shows wages and salaries as a percentage of gross national income.
|Gross national income( 1) (£ million)||Wages and salaries( 2) (£ million)||Wages and Salaries as percentage of gross national income( 3) (Percentage)|
|(1) Gross national income represents the total income of UK residents. It can be derived from GDP by adding net employment income and net property income from the rest of the world.|
(2) Wages and salaries cannot be split into the two constituent parts, as data sources from tax records and from business surveys only provide the aggregate total wages and salaries data.
(3) This has been rounded to one decimal place.
These estimates are expressed in nominal terms that are not adjusted for the effects of general price inflation.
Further data on the component of gross national income are available from table 1.1 in the
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