Select Committee on Home Affairs Additional Written Evidence

15.  Second supplementary memorandum submitted by the Immigration and Nationality Directorate, Home Office



—    IND manages information and intelligence and directs its operational response in a manner that is consistent with the National Intelligence Model.

—    The National Intelligence Model (NIM) is a business model to deliver intelligence-led working. It ensures that information is fully researched, developed and analysed to provide intelligence which enables senior managers to provide strategic direction, make tactical resourcing decisions about operational matters and manage risk.

—    It was adopted by the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) in 2000 and is at the centre of the Police Reform Agenda, with the National Policing Plan requiring that the 43 forces of England & Wales implement the model to accepted standards by April 2004.

—    The model works at three levels of criminality. Level 1 considers criminality of a local nature, Level 2 considers broader, regional issues and Level 3 deals with serious and organised crime of a national or international nature.

2.  THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE MODEL IN IND—    With its broad law enforcement partnership working arrangements, IND began to implement the NIM in 2000, by establishing a structure of intelligence units across the UK Immigration Service (UKIS). By 2003 there were 40 intelligence units in operation, including joint units with a Police, Customs and Department of Work & Pension presence. The intelligence structures expanded into other IND work areas during 2004, including Managed Migration and Asylum Support and Casework, and it is expected that 65 intelligence units will be in operation by April 2006.

—    IND intelligence structures allow for NIM Levels 1 to 3 to be addressed, with dedicated units delivering intelligence at local, regional and national levels. IND is a key partner in Reflex—the Government's multi agency initiative to tackle organised immigration crime and the intention is for it to continue this role with the Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA). Currently, the Immigration Crime Team, a joint IND and National Crime Squad unit based at the IND Intelligence Service (INDIS) provides an effective Level 3 tactical response. At Level 2, IND intelligence staff are seconded to Reflex-funded teams at numerous locations across the UK, including those with Merseyside, Kent, Essex, Yorkshire and the Metropolitan Police forces. At Level 1, IND intelligence units focus on delivering intelligence to counter individual abuses of the immigration control, from potential clandestine entrants to failed asylum seekers.

—    The work of these units is driven by the Tasking and Coordination Group (TCG) structure, which is in place from Senior Director to Local Command level. The timing of each level of meeting is coordinated to maximise the opportunities for tasking. Each level of meeting is supported by units producing NIM products, including strategic and tactical assessments and target and problem profiles. The IND Control Strategy (Annex A) [not printed] flows from the national strategic assessment and is owned by the Senior Director TCG. It sets the organisation's priorities for intelligence, prevention and enforcement activity and acts as a guide to subordinate TCG's decision making.

3.  ENABLING COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE MODEL—    INDIS is at the heart of the development process; driving the change agenda, setting and monitoring standards for the use of intelligence, providing a cutting edge national intelligence IT system, leading in the development of threat analysis and developing targets against organised abuse.

—    Regular engagement between ACPO working groups and INDIS helps to ensure that current thinking on the NIM and its attendant working practices are shared between organisations. Key documents, such as the Manual of Standards and Codes of Practice for the Recording and Dissemination of Intelligence are consistent between organisations. Similarly, the IND NIM Minimum Standards closely mirror ACPO standards and specialist intelligence training within IND is conducted to ACPO approved standards. INDIS is engaged with the police Impact Programme, to ensure that opportunities for information sharing arising from Impact Nominal Information system are maximised.

4.  FUTURE DEVELOPMENT—    The development of SOCA provides both an opportunity and challenge to IND. INDIS' involvement will provide a sound foundation for close co-operation in the future. But the challenge is in providing a meaningful response to criminal abuse that will not be taken on by the new agency. A recent review of IND's intelligence structures considered IND's current response to level 2 immigration crime to be patchy and unco-ordinated. Plans are now in place for INDIS to embed staff in a number of key intelligence unit locations, so as to provide IND with an enhanced intelligence capability that, in addition to being able to develop targets against level 2 immigration abuse, will provide the link between local intelligence units and SOCA and have the ability to capture intelligence across the business to paint the national picture and provide central guidance and support on intelligence policy. Such a move will enable INDIS to consolidate its position at the heart of an intelligence-led organisation, providing high quality assessments to direct and inform priorities and help direct the allocation of resources across the business.

Dave Wilson
Immigration and Nationality Directorate Intelligency

27 February 2006

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