Fifth memorandum by British Energy
SECURITY AT BEG NUCLEAR POWER STATIONS
Security at BEG nuclear power stations is subject
to the Nuclear Industries Security Regulations (NISR) 2003.
Under NISR 2003, each BEG Station Director is
required to have Site Security Plan (SSP) approved by the Office
for Civil Nuclear Security (OCNS). There have of course been several
new security initiatives by Government to improve public perception
about nuclear securitymost notably the introduction of
Civil Nuclear Constabulary Police Officers to designated nuclear
power stations, to act as both a deterrent to terrorists and also
to enhance the local Police armed response capability, should
an attack occur. These measures have the confidence of Government
and Chief Constables ie that appropriate response measures are
OCNS, as part of DTI, is the Nuclear Security
Regulator in the UK. Not only does OCNS issue NISR Technical Requirement
Documents (classified RESTRICTED), but they have a number of OCNS
Site Inspectors who visit and inspect Stations, to ensure compliance
with prescribed security standards. OCNS have Regulatory enforcement
powers to ensure nuclear security and the Director for Civil Nuclear
Security (DCNS) publishes an Annual Report on Security in the
Nuclear Industries which is submitted to DTI and Parliament.
Nuclear power stations are "designed"
to be far more resilient and robust than conventional plant structures,
to ensure "nuclear safety" from normal hazards (eg seismic
shock, fire, flooding, ballistic missiles, etc). The "engineering"
principles of segregation, redundancy and diversity of plant systems
involved are overseen by the NII (as Nuclear Safety Regulators).
It is important to remember that "engineering"
protection against these normal hazards which may happen, also
afford protection against malevolent/malicious sabotage or terrorist
action that could happen.
There have been several Post 9/11 surveys to
confirm the robustness of our stations. These Vital Area Reviews
(an International Standard under INFCIRC/225) are by their nature
confidential, but are nevertheless overseen by and involve OCNS
In July 2005, the Parliamentary Office for Science
and Technology (POST) issued their own independent report that
provided some public assurance on the safety and security of nuclear
power stations. Of course, the POST Report acknowledged that
much of the information on these sensitive matters was for security
reasons not in the public domain.
Both OCNS and NII have developed a great deal
of knowledge about the safety and security of nuclear power stations,
including the POST 9/11 studies. There is no doubt that new design
and robustness features will be factored into any new build programme.