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Mental Health Bill [HL]


Mental Health Bill [HL]
Part 1 — Amendments to Mental Health Act 1983
Chapter 2 — Professional roles

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Fundamental principles

10      

The fundamental principles

After section 118(2) of the 1983 Act (code of practice) insert—

“(2A)   

The code shall include a statement of the principles which the Secretary

of State thinks should inform decisions under this Act.

5

(2B)   

In preparing the statement of principles the Secretary of State shall, in

particular, ensure that each of the following matters is addressed—

(a)   

respect for patients’ past and present wishes and feelings,

(b)   

minimising restrictions on liberty,

(c)   

involvement of patients in planning, developing and delivering

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care and treatment appropriate to them,

(d)   

avoidance of unlawful discrimination,

(e)   

effectiveness of treatment,

(f)   

views of carers and other interested parties,

(g)   

patient wellbeing and safety, and

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(h)   

public safety.

(2C)   

The Secretary of State shall also have regard to the desirability of

ensuring—

(a)   

the efficient use of resources, and

(b)   

the equitable distribution of services.

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(2D)   

In performing functions under this Act persons mentioned in

subsection (1)(a) or (b) shall have regard to the code.”

Chapter 2

Professional roles

Approved clinicians and responsible clinicians

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11      

Amendments to Part 2 of 1983 Act

(1)   

Part 2 of the 1983 Act (compulsory admission to hospital and guardianship) is

amended as follows.

(2)   

In section 5 (application in respect of patient already in hospital)—

(a)   

in subsection (2), after “registered medical practitioner” insert “or

30

approved clinician”,

(b)   

for subsection (3) substitute—

“(3)   

The registered medical practitioner or approved clinician in

charge of the treatment of a patient in a hospital may nominate

one (but not more than one) person to act for him under

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subsection (2) above in his absence.

(3A)   

For the purposes of subsection (3) above—

(a)   

the registered medical practitioner may nominate

another registered medical practitioner, or an approved

clinician, on the staff of the hospital; and

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Mental Health Bill [HL]
Part 1 — Amendments to Mental Health Act 1983
Chapter 2 — Professional roles

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(b)   

the approved clinician may nominate another approved

clinician, or a registered medical practitioner, on the

staff of the hospital.”, and

(c)   

in subsection (4), after “a practitioner”, in each place, insert “or

clinician”.

5

(3)   

In section 17 (leave of absence)—

(a)   

in subsection (1)—

(i)   

for “responsible medical officer” substitute “responsible

clinician”, and

(ii)   

for “that officer” substitute “that clinician”,

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(b)   

in subsection (3), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

“responsible clinician”, and

(c)   

in subsection (4)—

(i)   

for “responsible medical officer” substitute “responsible

clinician”, and

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(ii)   

for “that officer” substitute “that clinician”.

(4)   

In section 20 (duration of authority)—

(a)   

in subsections (3) and (5), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

“responsible clinician”,

(b)   

in subsection (6), for “appropriate medical officer” substitute

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“appropriate practitioner”, and

(c)   

omit subsection (10).

(5)   

In section 21B (patients who are taken into custody or return after more than

28 days)—

(a)   

in subsections (2) and (3), for “appropriate medical officer” substitute

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“appropriate practitioner”, and

(b)   

in subsection (10), omit the definition of “appropriate medical officer”.

(6)   

In section 23(2) (persons who may apply for discharge of patient), in

paragraphs (a) and (b), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

“responsible clinician”.

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(7)   

In section 24 (visiting and examination of patients), in each place, after

“registered medical practitioner” insert “or approved clinician”.

(8)   

In section 25(1) (restrictions on discharge by nearest relative)—

(a)   

for “responsible  medical officer” substitute “responsible clinician”, and

(b)   

for “that officer” substitute “that clinician”.

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(9)   

In section 34 (interpretation of Part 2 of the 1983 Act), in subsection (1), insert

the following definition at the appropriate place—

““the appropriate practitioner” means—

(a)   

in the case of a patient who is subject to the

guardianship of a person other than a local social

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services authority, the nominated medical attendant of

the patient; and

(b)   

in any other case, the responsible clinician;”.

(10)   

In that subsection, for the definition of “the responsible medical officer”

substitute—

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““the responsible clinician” means—

 
 

Mental Health Bill [HL]
Part 1 — Amendments to Mental Health Act 1983
Chapter 2 — Professional roles

7

 

(a)   

in relation to a patient liable to be detained by virtue of

an application for admission for assessment or an

application for admission for treatment, or a community

patient, the approved clinician with overall

responsibility for the patient’s case;

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(b)   

in relation to a patient subject to guardianship, the

approved clinician authorised by the responsible local

social services authority to act (either generally or in any

particular case or for any particular purpose) as the

responsible clinician;”.

10

12      

Amendments to Part 3 of 1983 Act

(1)   

Part 3 of the 1983 Act (patients concerned in criminal proceedings) is amended

as follows.

(2)   

In section 35 (remand to hospital for report)—

(a)   

in subsections (4) and (5), for “registered medical practitioner”

15

substitute “approved clinician”, and

(b)   

in subsection (8), after “registered medical practitioner” insert “or

approved clinician”.

(3)   

In section 36 (remand to hospital for treatment)—

(a)   

in subsection (3), for “registered medical practitioner who would be in

20

charge of his treatment” substitute “approved clinician who would

have overall responsibility for his case”,

(b)   

in subsection (4), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

“responsible clinician”, and

(c)   

in subsection (7), after “registered medical practitioner” insert “or

25

approved clinician”.

(4)   

In section 37 (hospital and guardianship orders), in subsection (4), for

“registered medical practitioner who would be in charge of his treatment”

substitute “approved clinician who would have overall responsibility for his

case”.

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(5)   

In section 38 (interim hospital orders)—

(a)   

in subsection (4), for “registered medical practitioner who would be in

charge of his treatment” substitute “approved clinician who would

have overall responsibility for his case”, and

(b)   

in subsection (5), for “responsible medical officer”, in each place,

35

substitute “responsible clinician”.

(6)   

In section 41 (power of courts to restrict discharge from hospital), in

subsections (3)(c) and (6), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

“responsible clinician”.

(7)   

In section 44(2) (person who is to give evidence in connection with committal

40

to hospital), for “registered medical practitioner who would be in charge of the

offender’s treatment” substitute “approved clinician who would have overall

responsibility for the offender’s case”.

(8)   

In section 45A(5) (person who is to give evidence in connection with hospital

or limitation direction), for “registered medical practitioner who would be in

45

charge of his treatment” substitute “approved clinician who would have

overall responsibility for his case”.

 
 

Mental Health Bill [HL]
Part 1 — Amendments to Mental Health Act 1983
Chapter 2 — Professional roles

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(9)   

In the following provisions, for “responsible medical officer” substitute

“responsible clinician”—

(a)   

section 45B(3) (requirement to produce report on person subject to

hospital and limitation directions), and

(b)   

section 49(3) (requirement to produce report on person subject to

5

restriction direction).

13      

Further amendments to Part 3 of 1983 Act

(1)   

Part 3 of the 1983 Act (patients concerned in criminal proceedings) is further

amended as follows.

(2)   

In section 50(1) (powers of Secretary of State in respect of prisoners under

10

sentence)—

(a)   

for “responsible medical officer” substitute “responsible clinician”, and

(b)   

for “registered medical practitioner” substitute “approved clinician”.

(3)   

In section 51 (further provisions as to detained persons)—

(a)   

in subsection (3)—

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(i)   

for “responsible medical officer” substitute “responsible

clinician”, and

(ii)   

for “registered medical practitioner” substitute “approved

clinician”, and

(b)   

in subsection (4), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

20

“responsible clinician”.

(4)   

In section 52 (further provisions as to persons remanded by magistrates’

courts), in subsections (5) and (7), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

“responsible clinician”.

(5)   

In section 53(2) (powers of Secretary of State in respect of civil prisoners and

25

persons detained under the Immigration Acts)—

(a)   

for “responsible medical officer” substitute “responsible clinician”, and

(b)   

for “registered medical practitioner” substitute “approved clinician”.

(6)   

In section 54 (requirements as to medical evidence), for subsection (2)

substitute—

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“(2)   

For the purposes of any provision of this Part of this Act under which a

court may act on the written evidence of any person, a report in writing

purporting to be signed by that person may, subject to the provisions of

this section, be received in evidence without proof of the following—

(a)   

the signature of the person; or

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(b)   

his having the requisite qualifications or approval or authority

or being of the requisite description to give the report.

(2A)   

But the court may require the signatory of any such report to be called

to give oral evidence.”

(7)   

In section 55 (interpretation of Part 3), for the definition of “responsible medical

40

officer” in subsection (1) substitute—

““responsible clinician”, in relation to a person liable to be

detained in a hospital within the meaning of Part 2 of this Act,

means the approved clinician with overall responsibility for the

patient’s case.”

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Mental Health Bill [HL]
Part 1 — Amendments to Mental Health Act 1983
Chapter 2 — Professional roles

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(8)   

In Part 2 of Schedule 1 (modifications in relation to patients subject to special

restrictions), in paragraph 3—

(a)   

in paragraph (b), for ““the responsible medical officer” and after the

words “that officer”” substitute ““the responsible clinician” and after

the words “that clinician””, and

5

(b)   

in paragraph (c), for ““by the responsible medical officer”” substitute

““by the responsible clinician””.

14      

Amendments to Part 4 of 1983 Act

(1)   

Part 4 of the 1983 Act (consent to treatment) is amended as follows.

(2)   

In section 57 (requirements as to certification for treatment requiring consent

10

and a second opinion)—

(a)   

in subsection (2)(a), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

“approved clinician in charge of the treatment in question”, and

(b)   

in subsection (3), at the end insert “nor the responsible clinician”.

(3)   

In section 58 (requirements as to certification for treatment requiring consent

15

or a second opinion)—

(a)   

in subsection (3)—

(i)   

in paragraph (a), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

“approved clinician in charge of it”, and

(ii)   

in paragraph (b), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

20

“approved clinician in charge of the treatment in question”, and

(b)   

in subsection (4), at the end insert “nor the responsible clinician”.

(4)   

In section 61 (review of treatment)—

(a)   

in subsection (1)—

(i)   

for “by the responsible medical officer” substitute “by the

25

approved clinician in charge of the treatment”, and

(ii)   

in paragraph (a), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

“responsible clinician”,

(b)   

in subsection (2)(b), for “responsible medical officer” substitute

“responsible clinician”,

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(c)   

in subsection (3), omit the words “to the responsible medical officer”,

and

(d)   

after that subsection insert—

“(3A)   

The notice under subsection (3) above shall be given to the

approved clinician in charge of the treatment.”

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(5)   

In section 62(2) (exception to discontinuance of treatment), for “responsible

medical officer” substitute “approved clinician in charge of the treatment”.

(6)   

In section 63 (treatment requiring consent), for “responsible medical officer”

substitute “approved clinician in charge of the treatment”.

(7)   

In section 64 (supplementary provisions for Part 4)—

40

(a)   

in subsection (1), for the words from ““the responsible” to “treatment”

substitute ““the responsible clinician” means the approved clinician

with overall responsibility for the case”, and

 
 

Mental Health Bill [HL]
Part 1 — Amendments to Mental Health Act 1983
Chapter 2 — Professional roles

10

 

(b)   

after that subsection insert—

“(1A)   

Insofar as this Part of this Act applies to a patient who is neither

liable to be detained under this Act nor a community patient,

references in this Part to the responsible clinician or the

approved clinician in charge of the treatment of the patient shall

5

be construed as references to the person in charge of the

patient’s treatment.”

15      

Amendments to Part 5 of 1983 Act

(1)   

Part 5 of the 1983 Act (Mental Health Review Tribunals) is amended as follows.

(2)   

In the following provisions, after “registered medical practitioner” insert “or

10

approved clinician”—

(a)   

section 67(2) (power to visit and examine patient for the purposes of a

tribunal reference), and

(b)   

section 76(1) (power to visit and examine patient for the purposes of a

tribunal application).

15

(3)   

In section 79 (interpretation of Part 5), in subsection (6), for “, and “the

responsible medical officer” means the responsible medical officer,” substitute

“, and “the responsible clinician” means the responsible clinician,”.

16      

Amendments to other provisions of 1983 Act

(1)   

The 1983 Act is amended as follows.

20

(2)   

In section 118 (code of practice), in subsection (1)(a), after “registered medical

practitioners” insert “, approved clinicians”.

(3)   

In the following provisions, after “registered medical practitioner” insert “or

approved clinician”—

(a)   

section 120(4)(a) (right of person authorised by Secretary of State etc to

25

visit patients), and

(b)   

section 121(5)(a) (right of person authorised by Mental Health Act

Commission to visit patients).

(4)   

In section 134 (correspondence of patients), in subsection (1), for “registered

medical practitioner in charge of the treatment of the patient” substitute

30

“approved clinician with overall responsibility for the patient’s case”.

(5)   

In section 145 (general interpretation), in subsection (1), insert the following

definition at the appropriate place—

““approved clinician” means a person approved by the Secretary of State

(in relation to England) or by the Welsh Ministers (in relation to Wales)

35

to act as an approved clinician for the purposes of this Act;”.

17      

Amendments to other Acts

(1)   

In section 116B(5) of the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18) (provision for

person subject to hospital order and restriction order to be remitted for trial,

etc)—

40

(a)   

for “the responsible medical officer” substitute “the responsible

clinician”, and

 
 

Mental Health Bill [HL]
Part 1 — Amendments to Mental Health Act 1983
Chapter 2 — Professional roles

11

 

(b)   

for the words from “In this subsection” to the end substitute—

   

“In this subsection “responsible clinician” means the

responsible clinician within the meaning of Part 3 of the 1983

Act.”

(2)   

In section 116B(5) of the Air Force Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 19) (provision for

5

person subject to hospital order and restriction order to be remitted for trial,

etc)—

(a)   

for “the responsible medical officer” substitute “the responsible

clinician”, and

(b)   

for the words from “In this subsection” to the end substitute—

10

   

“In this subsection “responsible clinician” means the

responsible clinician within the meaning of Part 3 of the 1983

Act.”

(3)   

In section 63B(5) of the Naval Discipline Act 1957 (c. 53) (provision for person

subject to hospital order and restriction order to be remitted for trial, etc)—

15

(a)   

for “the responsible medical officer” substitute “the responsible

clinician”, and

(b)   

for the words from “In this subsection” to the end substitute—

   

“In this subsection “responsible clinician” means the

responsible clinician within the meaning of Part 3 of the 1983

20

Act.”

(4)   

In section 5A(4) of the Criminal Procedure (Insanity) Act 1964 (c. 84) (provision

for person subject to hospital order and restriction order to be remitted for trial,

etc), for “the responsible medical officer” substitute “the responsible clinician”.

(5)   

In section 171 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52) (remission for trial)—

25

(a)   

in subsection (1), for “the responsible medical officer” substitute “the

responsible clinician”, and

(b)   

in subsection (4) for the definition of “the responsible medical officer”

substitute—

““the responsible clinician” means the responsible clinician within

30

the meaning of Part 3 of the Mental Health Act 1983.”

(6)   

On the commencement of the repeal of an enactment mentioned in subsection

(1), (2) or (3) by the Armed Forces Act 2006, that subsection shall also cease to

have effect.

18      

Certain registered medical practitioners to be treated as approved under

35

section 12 of 1983 Act

In section 12 of the 1983 Act (general provisions as to medical

recommendations), after subsection (2) insert—

“(2A)   

A registered medical practitioner who is an approved clinician shall be

treated as also approved for the purposes of this section under

40

subsection (2) above as having special experience as mentioned there.”

 
 

 
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