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The total amount of bilateral expenditure channelled through multilateral agencies is
not readily available from central DFID systems. To collect this information would incur disproportionate costs.
The fund will be managed by an independent fund manager, the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), overseen by a fund board which includes representatives from the donor consortium and independent international experts. The board will be responsible for setting fund policy, for selecting and approving grants, for providing guidance to the independent fund manager and overseeing its work, and for effective monitoring and evaluation.
Mr. Thomas: We have regularly raised the Three Diseases Fund bilaterally and in group meetings with those donors, who support development work in Burma, kept them abreast of progress and invited them to explore further the possibility of their involvement. Five governments and the European Commission (EC) have agreed to support the Three Diseases Fund and others are still considering their involvement. We will continue to keep donors informed on progress and invite their contributions.
John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development whether the Three Diseases Fund for Burma will be available to assist people with HIV/AIDS in areas of Burma not under the control of the military government. 
Mr. Thomas: The Three Diseases Fund is committed to supporting work on the three diseases on the basis of need, irrespective of ethnic origin, social status, gender, nationality, political opinions, race or religion. The fund will target those most at risk from HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, particularly those with limited or no access to public health services.
We will maintain our dialogue with the Burmese authorities about improving access for the UN and international NGOs to areas not under the control of the military government. We will also seek to strengthen dialogues with community-based organisations, local non-governmental organisations and ceasefire groups about how they can contribute to the funds efforts to deliver services in these areas.
John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development which organisations people in Burma with HIV/AIDS will be able to approach to receive assistance funded by the Three Diseases Fund for Burma. 
Mr. Thomas: The Three Diseases Fund has been established to be consistent with the European Union Common Position on Burma. People in Burma with HIV/AIDS will be able to approach a broad range of implementing partners to receive servicesincluding national and international non-governmental organisations, local level government health workers in public health clinics and private sector healthcare providers. The implementing partners must meet certain criteria as established by the fund board. These are likely to include demonstrated technical competence, capacity, speed of delivery, coherence with ongoing activities, or access to specific target beneficiaries or areas. All implementation will need to be consistent with the international humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality and impartiality.
Mr. Thomas: The fund board, which consists of donor representatives and independent international experts, will select and approve grants, targeting those most at risk from HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, particularly those with limited or no access to public health services. Over time, it is expected that the independent fund manager will take a greater role in selecting and approving grants, on the basis of policy and criteria set by the fund board.
John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development which organisations will be the (a) managing partners and (b) implementing partners for the operation of the Three Diseases Fund for Burma. 
Mr. Thomas: A fund board has been established as the governing body of the Three Diseases Fund. It includes representatives from the donor consortium and independent international experts. The fund board will be responsible for setting policy and for overseeing a professional and independent fund manager who will report regularly to the board on all aspects of the fund operation. The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) has been contracted as the fund manager and will be responsible for the operation of the fund on a day-to-day basis.
The implementing partners will include specialised UN agencies, international non-governmental organisations, local non-governmental organisations and the private sector. The implementing partners must meet certain criteria as established by the fund board. These are likely to include demonstrated technical competence, capacity, speed of delivery, coherence with ongoing activities, or access to specific target beneficiaries or areas. All implementation must also meet the European Union common position and the international humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality and impartiality.
Mrs. Ellman: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how many jobs in his Department have been relocated (a) to Liverpool and (b) elsewhere as a result of the Lyons Review; and on how many occasions Liverpool has been considered for the relocation of staff under this programme. 
At the time of the review, DFID was undertaking a refurbishment of the East Kilbride office, after which additional staff could be accommodated. This was therefore the most efficient and economic option for DFID, and relocation to a new third building in a city such as Liverpool was not considered to be a viable option, despite the undoubted attractions of many locations.
Mr. Clifton-Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development on what projects the proposed £480 million in aid to Pakistan is planned to be spent; and what benchmarks his Department has in place to assess the fundings effectiveness. 
Mr. Thomas: We will set out our priorities for the increased aid allocation in a new Country Assistance Plan (CAP) for Pakistan. During the consultations for this we will seek a wide variety of views and ensure they are fed into our CAP planning. The Government of Pakistan have made progress in fighting poverty, but very real needs remain. One in 10 children die before their fifth birthday; around 8 million children do not go to school; approximately 50 per cent. of the adult population are illiterate, two thirds of whom are women; and some 38 million people were living below the official poverty line in 2005. It is likely that one of our priorities will be to increase our assistance to the education sector.
Effectiveness will be assessed in a number of ways. The CAP will set out the expected results from our development assistance to Pakistan. We are also agreeing a set of indicators with the Government of Pakistan, to track progress towards the commitments made in the Development Partnership Arrangement. Individual programmes will continue to have indicators of outcomes that will, as at present, be monitored at least annually.
Bob Spink: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what percentage of the electricity used by his Department was generated from (a) renewable sources and (b) on-site microgeneration facilities in the last period for which figures are available. 
The proportion of energy used in our UK buildings generated from renewable sources for 2005-06 was 95 per cent. The remaining 5 per cent. relates to a building which we are about to vacate.
None of our energy is currently generated from on-site microgeneration, but we are currently carrying out feasibility studies into options such as combined heat and power (CHP) units, tri-generation systems, and biomass heating systems for both of our remaining buildings.
Mr. Duncan Smith: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development which staff in his Department are seconded from organisations with charitable status; and which have (a) costs and (b) salaries met (i) in part and (ii) in whole (A) from public funds and (B) by the charity from which they are seconded. 
Hilary Benn: DFID has contributed a total of £22.15 million during 2006 to the World Food Programmes operations in the Horn of Africa. Direct contributions have been made to WFP this year of £15 million for Kenya, £6.5 million for Somalia, and £0.65 million for Ethiopia.
Indirect contributions to WFP and other food relief have also been made by DFID through our contributions to UN Humanitarian Response Funds in countries in the Horn, and through the UNs Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), to which we are the largest contributor.
Stephen Hesford: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what percentage of employees who took their employers to an industrial tribunal under the Equal Pay Act 1970 in the last five years had their complaint upheld. 
|Percentage of complaints upheld|
|Number of claims|
Linda Gilroy: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he make representations to include a review of sentencing for breaches of export control when it considers its 2007-08 work programme. 
Malcolm Wicks [holding answer 23 November 2006]: In response to Question 51 of the Quadripartite Committee's 'First Joint Report of Session 2005-2006', the Government said that the Revenue and Customs Prosecutions Office will engage with the Sentencing Guidelines Council to see how best it can influence the debate on appropriate sentencing guidelines for breaches of export control. The Department, along with other interested Departments, will wish to contribute to that debate.
John Hemming: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what steps he has taken besides his efforts to liberalise the European gas market to ensure security of supply within the UK gas market. 
Malcolm Wicks [holding answer 21 November 2006]: The recent review of the UK's energy policy confirmed the Government's view that security of supply is best ensured by a competitive and liberalised market-based system. Coupled with a light touch regulatory framework, this facilitates the short-term balancing of supply and demand, and provides the price signals and incentives to encourage investment for the longer term in diverse supplies. Two outcomes from the Energy Review address security of gas supply: DTI is working to streamline consent regimes for gas supply infrastructure projects, and is also consulting on possible ways to further improve the effectiveness of the current UK gas security of supply arrangements.
John Hemming: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what impact concerns raised by NATO regarding Russia limiting gas supply into Europe have had on his plans for security of gas supply in the UK. 
Malcolm Wicks [holding answer 21 November 2006]: With our EU partners and through the International Energy Agency, the Government monitor international gas market developments closely. The UK continues to promote diverse supplies, delivered through competitive markets, as the most efficient and effective way to ensure gas security of supply.
John Hemming: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what assessment he has made of the availability of information on the cost and supply of Norwegian gas imported into the UK. 
Malcolm Wicks [holding answer 23 November 2006]: No individual assessment has been made. Rules covering participation in GB gas markets, including those relating to provision of information, are the same for all market participants.
Malcolm Wicks [holding answer 23 November 2006]: I attach great importance to the development of a functioning internal energy market. While progress has been made in implementing the EU's 2003 liberalisation package, further steps are needed and I welcome the action the Commission is taking, both in conducting a sectoral inquiry of energy and in considering what other action may be necessary.
In the UK's response to the Commission energy Green Paper of March this year, we underlined a number of factors which we regard as key to the development of the market: ensuring sufficient information is available for all market players and consumers to benefit from fair competition; the need for regulators to have sufficient powers and independence to deliver competition, including across borders; investment in cross-border infrastructure; and effective unbundling to prevent discrimination against market entrants.
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