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Mr. Ruffley: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what proportion of children living in households with no adult in work in (a) each London borough and (b) the UK are (i) in single parent households, (ii) in a household with at least one parent claiming incapacity benefit and (iii) in a household with at least one adult on jobseekers allowance; and if he will make a statement. 
Data are only available for Great Britain not for the UK. A London borough has been interpreted as a local
authority. A workless household is a household containing someone claiming either income support,
jobseeker's allowance, incapacity benefit/severe disability allowance, or pension credit.
|Proportion of children in workless households with:|
|A lone parent||At least one parent claiming incapacity benefit||At least one parent claiming jobseekers allowance|
1. All figures supplied have been rounded to protect the confidentiality of claimants.
2. All data represent a snapshot in time of claimants on the computer system, and will therefore exclude a very small number of cases that are held clerically.
3. Data represent children dependent on a parent or guardian claiming one or more of the following benefits: incapacity benefit, severe disablement allowance, jobseekers allowance, income support or pension credit.
4. Due to the introduction of child tax credits in April 2003, information on child dependents are not reliably completed on the benefit computer system. Therefore children have been merged onto IS/JSA/IB/SDA/PC claims from child benefit with permission of HMRC.
5. Partner status refers to cases with a partner recorded on the system only and is not a definitive measure of singles/couples.
6. Incapacity benefit status excludes residual SDA cases.
DWP Information Directorate, April 2006
Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many children in the UK have been in absolute low income poverty in each year since 1979-80; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr. Jim Murphy: Specific information regarding low income for Great Britain is available in Households Below Average Income 1994-952004-05. The survey from which estimates are provided started in 1994-95. There is no data source consistent with the Family Resources Survey for the years prior to 1994-95.
Absolute low income is defined as being below 60 per cent. of 1996-97 median income held constant in real terms. The information in the following table is shown on a before housing costs and an after housing costs basis.
|Number of children living in absolute low income|
|Number of children (million)|
|Financial year||Before housing costs||After housing costs|
Family Resources Survey
Mr. Jim Murphy: Low income is defined as being below 60 per cent. of contemporary median income. The information is shown in the following tables, on a before housing costs and after housing costs basis.
|Children living in low-income households, by age band before housing costs, 1994-95, 1996-97 and 2004-05|
|Children living in low-income households, by age band after housing costs, 1994-95, 1996-97 and 2004-05|
Family Resources Survey 2004-05.
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