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(a) Details of expenditure on hospitality and entertainment in 1996-97 for this Department could be made available only at disproportionate cost. However a global figure for Government expenditure by Ministers for official purposes can be found in my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister's answer to my right hon. Friend the Member for Rotherham on 9 February 1998, Official Report, column 17W.
(b) For 2005-06 the total expenditure on hospitality and entertainment of this Department was £1,769k.
Sir Peter Soulsby:
To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry when the chief executive or senior
directors of the East Midlands Development Agency last received a request for an official meeting with Leicester city council. 
Miss Kirkbride: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what the (a) date and (b) duration was of each foreign trade fair trip attended by representatives of each Regional Development Agency (RDA) in each year since their inception; how many attendees employed by each RDA attended; and what the cost was of each visit. 
a fuel cell, where it produces zero emissions at the point of use
normal combustion, (e.g. in an internal combustion engine)
In 2004, the Department of Trade and Industry, commissioned analysis from the energy consultants E4Tech, Element Energy, and Eoin Lees. This analysis indicates that for the UK, the use of hydrogen as a transport fuel offers significant opportunities for cost-competitive CO2 reduction by 2030. Six different types of transport energy chain have this potential and also offer increased energy security. None is readily available today and each would require significant changes to the energy system. However, they are sufficiently promising to be worth pursuing as energy options for the UK. This analysis was published on the Department's website and can be found at:
On 15 June 2005, the Government responded to this analysis and published a A Strategic Framework for Hydrogen Energy Activity in the UK which included a funding package worth £15 million over four years for a UK wide hydrogen and fuel cell demonstration programme. The first call for proposals for the demonstration scheme has now closed and I anticipate that a second call for proposals will operate in 12-18 months time. Further information is available on the scheme's website:
Currently, the Department of Trade and Industry supports industrial collaborative research and development for fuel cell and hydrogen technologies through the Technology programme. Bids specifically for hydrogen technologies have been invited since April 2005. The
programme seeks to advance these technologies for both stationary power generation and transport applications, with a view to achieving the cost reductions and performance levels necessary for commercial deployment. This support currently amounts to approximately £2-3 million per annum.
The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), including through the SUPERGEN initiative, support basic research in universities on both fuel cells and hydrogen. SUPERGEN supports the UK Sustainable Hydrogen Energy Consortium (UK SHEC) which has received funding of £2.5 million. This programme is supporting projects on: hydrogen generation; hydrogen storage; and socio-economic implications for a hydrogen economy.
In addition to SUPERGEN, EPSRC has awarded £1 million to investigate the potential role of formic acid as a chemical method for the storage of hydrogen. £500,000 has been granted to three projects on fundamental science and engineering relevant to hydrogen technologies. EPSRC also contributes to projects through the DTIs Technology programme.
The Government have also provided funding of over £450,000 for the trial of three hydrogen-powered fuel cell buses in London as part of the EU CUTE (Clean Urban Transport in Europe) project. £6.5 million of funding has been provided for the fuel cell and low carbon vehicle technology centre of excellence (CENEX) based in Loughborough.
Mr. Binley: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how many people claimed individual insolvency in each year (a) from 1994 until the coming into force of the Insolvency Act 2000 and (b) since the implementation of that Act. 
Jim Fitzpatrick: Individual insolvencies are made up of bankruptcy orders and individual voluntary arrangements (IVAs). The various provisions of the Insolvency Act 2000 came into force on two separate dates, namely 1 April 2001 and 1 January 2003. The annual numbers of individual insolvencies in England and Wales can be seen in the following table.
Peter Luff: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (1) how many investigations Ofcom completed into the unlicensed use of radio spectrum in the UK in (a) 2003, (b) 2004, (c) 2005 and (d) 2006; and if he will make a statement; 
(4) how many prosecutions of unlicensed spectrum use Ofcom brought in (a) 2003, (b) 2004, (c) 2005 and (d) 2006; how many of those were successful; what penalties were imposed on offenders; and if he will make a statement. 
Margaret Hodge: The matter raised is the responsibility of the independent regulator, the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which is accountable to Parliament rather than Ministers. Accordingly, I have asked the chief executive of Ofcom to reply directly to the hon. Member. Copies of the chief executives letter will be placed in the Libraries of the House.
Mr. Pickles: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what proportion of spending by each regional development agency in England in 2005-06 was on (a) region-wide initiatives and (b) initiatives targeted at specific areas within the region. 
Margaret Hodge: The regional development agencies include information about their spend on various initiatives in their annual reports, but do not record the proportion of their spend in terms of initiatives which are region-wide or those specifically targeted within the region.
Mr. Prisk: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what the (a) budget and (b) expenditure was of regional venture funds in each regional development agency in each of the financial years since 2000-01. 
Margaret Hodge: The Regional Development Agencies have a number of programmes aimed at improving the provision of venture capital to promote economic development within their regions. The following tables show the total budget and actual expenditure, for regional venture funds only, for each of the Regional Development Agencies funded from within their core funding from 2000-01 to the current financial year.
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