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8 Mar 2007 : Column 2165W—continued


Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Food Labelling

11. Mr. David Jones: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what recent discussions he has had with ministerial colleagues responsible for food labelling on the amount of imported food that is labelled, produced in the UK; and if he will make a statement. [125917]

12. James Brokenshire: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what recent discussions he has had with ministerial colleagues responsible for food labelling on the amount of imported food that is labelled, produced in the UK; and if he will make a statement. [125918]


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Mr. Bradshaw: There is already legislation that requires origin labelling for a number of specific foodstuffs. In general labelling rules require that origin information must not mislead the consumer; however the Trades Description Act allows any product that has undergone substantial changes to be described as UK- produced.

Speciality Foods

13. Ann Coffey: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what support his Department gives for promoting the wider availability of speciality foods. [125919]

Mr. Bradshaw: We offer support in many ways, including through Food From Britain, the regional development agencies, support for farmers markets and the organic sector, the public sector food procurement initiative, the EU protected food name scheme and by encouraging the retailers to source more speciality, regional and local food. My officials calculate that since the launch of our regional food strategy in December 2002 total Government support for speciality, regional and local food is in the region of £20 million.

Carbon Emissions

14. Mrs. Hodgson: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what guidance his Department has issued on the contribution that individual behaviour can make to the reduction of carbon emissions from homes. [125920]

David Miliband: DEFRA supports a range of climate change communications activities to encourage and enable individuals to understand the importance of their support and active participation. Our new guide to greener living is now available on the internet.

Dairy Farmers

15. Mr. Hoyle: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs if he will make a statement on the farm income of dairy farmers. [125923]

David Miliband: Provisional figures show the average net income per UK dairy farm in 2006-07 was £19,700.

Marine Environment

16. Richard Ottaway: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what steps he is taking to protect the marine environment. [125924]

Mr. Bradshaw: We have taken an unprecedented number of steps to protect the marine environment, and later this month we plan to publish our Marine Bill White Paper with radical proposals to improve management and protection of our seas.


8 Mar 2007 : Column 2167W

Climate Change

17. John Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what discussions he has had with the Secretary of State for International Development on climate change impact mitigation for the least developed countries. [125925]

David Miliband: DEFRA continues to work closely with the Department for International Development at both ministerial and official level on a range of issues, including climate change adaptation for developing countries.

Greenhouse Gases

18. Colin Challen: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs if he will revise upwards his target of a 60 per cent. reduction in greenhouse gases by 2050. [125926]

Ian Pearson: Our target, for a 60 per cent. reduction in carbon dioxide emissions by 2050, is the right target. It is consistent with the EU’s long-term stabilisation goal and will spur changes domestically and internationally. However, we recognise that we will need to keep this goal under review in light of emerging scientific evidence and other developments.

Biofuel Crops

19. Meg Hillier: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what support his Department gives British farmers to diversify into biofuel crops. [125927]

Ian Pearson: Farmers can receive the single payment for transport biofuel crops grown on set-aside and non- set-aside land. The European Union’s €45/ha Energy Aid payment can also be claimed where biofuel crops are grown on non set-aside land.

Agriculture: Subsidies

Bill Wiggin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what discussions he has had with the European Commission on the disallowance arising from Common Agricultural Policy schemes, notably the single farm payment; what assessment he has made of the European Commission’s audit of England’s 2005 single farm payment; what progress the European Commission has made with its audit of England's 2005 single farm payment; whether the European Commission has (a) made an assessment of the financial correction and (b) requested any money; and if he will make a statement. [123940]


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Ian Pearson: During their regular meetings, my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State, and the European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development have discussed the administration of the Single Payment Scheme (SPS) in England on a number of occasions. However, the European Commission’s audit of the 2005 SPS is ongoing and it is too early to draw any firm conclusions. No proposals have been made to date for financial corrections and, should the Commission make any in due course, the Government will continue to defend the UK’s interests.

Bill Wiggin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) when the estimate for disallowance arising from Common Agricultural Policy schemes, notably the single farm payment, totalled £305 million; what the reasons were for this increase from earlier estimates; and if he will make a statement; [123941]

(2) pursuant to the written ministerial statement of 20 February 2007, Official Report, column 25WS, on the Spring Supplementary Estimates, if he will give a breakdown of the £305 million claim on the reserve to cover for provision for disallowance arising from Common Agricultural Policy schemes, notably the single farm payment, and the possible financial correction the European Commission may apply; what the reasons were for the disallowances; and if he will make a statement. [123942]

Ian Pearson: The European Commission audits Common Agricultural Policy schemes payments every year. We make provision for potential disallowances at the end of the financial year based on a prudent assessment at that time of issues raised in relation to progress in making payments and regulatory compliance; if necessary, cover is also obtained in the Spring Supplementary Estimate. These provisions do not, however, imply acceptance of this level of disallowance, should it be proposed by the Commission. Detailed discussions will take place with the Commission over a number of years before a final figure is reached. The Government will, of course, continue to defend the UK’s interests in these discussions.

Bovine Tuberculosis

Mr. Paice: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how much was spent on bovine tuberculosis in each year since 1997, broken down by budget heading. [125692]

Mr. Bradshaw: A breakdown of bovine TB expenditure in Great Britain, between the years 1997 and 2005-06, is set out in the following table:


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8 Mar 2007 : Column 2170W
£ millions
Activity 1997( 1) 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06

Cattle testing

5.49

7.3

17.6

13.3

5.4

24.7

33.2

36.4

36.7

Compensation

1.44

3.5

5.3

6.6

9.2

31.9

34.4

35.0

41.9

RBCT

1.66

2.9

4.6

6.6

6.0

6.6

7.3

7.2

6.2

Surveillance activity by the VLA

0.43

0.9

2.4

3.5

3.7

4.1

5.3

4.9

7.5

Other research

1.72

2.5

3.8

5.3

6.1

6.5

7.0

5.7

6.5

HQ/overheads

4.1

6.7

4.5

0.9

0.1

0.7

1.0

1.3

1.8

Totals

16.06

24.8

33.2

36.2

30.5

74.5

88.2

90.5

99.1

(1) 1997 is calendar year only. 1998-99 figures onwards are financial years.

Carbon Dioxide: Air Pollution

Gregory Barker: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) what the percentage change in UK emissions was of (a) carbon dioxide and (b) the Kyoto basket of six greenhouse gases between (i) 1990 and (ii) 1997 and the most recent year for which figures are available; and how this compares to other Kyoto Annex I countries; [118500]

(2) how much UK carbon dioxide emissions have changed in the UK in each year since 1990, and when the UK’s share of international shipping aviation emissions are included in the figures. [118501]

Ian Pearson Table 1 shows the percentage change in Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions between 1990 and 2004, and 1997 and 2004; this is for those countries which are Annex I Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, and which reported emissions to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 2006. Data for 2005 are not yet generally available for other countries. However, estimates recently published by my Department show that UK emissions of carbon dioxide and the Kyoto basket of six gases fell by 0.4 million tonnes and 3.1 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents respectively between 2004 and 2005.

Under the EU ETS, UK companies are able to buy emissions allowances from other EU countries to be taken into account when determining whether the Kyoto target and 2010 domestic goal have been met. The number of allowances issued to UK installations covered by the scheme was 27 million less than their emissions in 2005. The Electricity Supply Industry emitted 36.5 million tonnes more than its allocation; other sectors emitted 9.5 million tonnes less. Adjusted for emissions trading, UK CO2 emissions in 2005 were about 527 million tonnes—approximately 11 per cent. lower than 1990 levels and 3.9 per cent. below the 1997 level.

Table 2 shows UK CO2 emissions between 1990 and 2005 (the latest year for which data is available). Emissions from international shipping and international aviation are not included in totals used to judge progress against the UK’s domestic and international targets.

Table 1: annex I greenhouse gas emissions
Percentage change in:
Party C0 2 emissions 1990-2004 C0 2 emissions 1997-2004 GHG emissions 1990-2004 GHG emissions 1997-2004 Kyoto target (percentage)

United Kingdom

-6.4

1.1

-14.4

-7.1

-12.5

Austria

21 .0

25.0

11 .5

16.2

-13

Belarus(1)

-52.5

-7.3

-46.2

-3.7

-8

Belgium

6.9

4.0

1.7

0.1

-7.5

Bulgaria(1)

-47.7

-28.1

-48.6

-22.7

-8

Canada

74.8

66.7

62.2

51.1

-6

Croatia(1)

-27.5

-321.9

-21.6

297.0

-5

Czech Republic(1)

-25.0

-8.0

-26.8

-8.0

-8

Denmark

-2.7

-17.6

-5.2

-15.9

-21

Finland

43.3

10.7

26.6

6.4

0

France

-1 .4

-0.1

-6.1

-4.7

0

Germany

-15.2

-3.7

-18.3

-6.6

-21

Greece

29.4

16.0

25.3

12.2

+25

Hungary(1)

-21.2

-3.8

-21.8

-2.1

-6

Iceland

-1.2

-7.1

-7.4

-5.7

+10

Ireland

38.3

17.0

22.8

7.4

+13

Italy

8.2

11.6

8.5

10.4

-6.5

Japan

11 .4

3.6

5.2

-0.3

-6

Latvia(1)

208.4

-20.5

-161.5

-31.9

-8

Netherlands

13.3

5.6

2.3

-3.5

-6

New Zealand

50.6

-28.1

17.9

-1.4

0

Norway

-12.4

-33.6

-18.8

-25.5

+1

Portugal

34.5

26.0

28.8

19.1

+27

Romania(1)

-38.2

-5.7

-38.5

-4.1

-8

Slovakia(1)

-34.2

-11.6

-34.1

-11.0

-8

Spain

57.6

37.8

50.5

30.8

+15

Sweden

12.8

-10.1

6.4

-9.5

+4

Ukraine(1)

-58.5

-4.3

-57.2

-5.7

0

(1) A party undergoing the process of transition to a market economy (an economies in transition (EIT) party).

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