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The Serjeant at Arms is responsible for awarding passes to lobby correspondents. This is carried out on
his behalf by the Deputy Serjeant at Arms. The Metropolitan police have no role in awarding passes.
If an individual was involved in the publication of information relating to the internal security of the House, consideration would be given to whether the individual constituted a security risk to the House or if they had breached the rules of the House.
John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent discussions she has had with the Government of India on (a) policy towards Burma, (b) human rights in Burma, (c) the humanitarian needs of displaced peoples living on the India-Burma border and (d) the export of gas from Burma. 
We have regular discussions with the Indian Government about their policy towards Burma. The Indian Government is fully aware of the UK's policy towards Burma, including our concerns about human rights and the lack of democracy there.
Lyn Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent representations her Department has made to the Government of Cambodia on the human rights situation in that country; and if she will make a statement. 
Mr. McCartney: With our EU partners, we regularly raise our concerns on human rights with the Government of Cambodia. We underline the importance of adhering to international obligations and the need to respect human rights and the rule of law.
Lyn Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment she has made of the observance of the rights of organised labour in Cambodia by the Government of that country. 
We are concerned at the reports of the recent murder of Hy Vuthy, trade union activist. This is the third trade union official to be killed in three years. The local EU representatives have requested the Government of Cambodia ensure that a full enquiry into the circumstances of the death is conducted
without delay and that appropriate action is taken to bring to justice those responsible. We, with our EU partners, will continue to follow developments closely.
Mr. McCartney: Cambodia is a developing democracy, seeking to overcome decades of war and misrule. It has achieved peace and stability and democratic institutions have taken root. There have been three increasingly open national elections since 1993. Despite significant progress since the Paris Accords in 1991, the country faces continuing problems around governance, corruption and human rights. Cambodia is a member of the Association of South East Asian Nations.
The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) has been established to address the crimes committed under the Khmer Rouge regime of 1975 to 1979. It represents a milestone for Cambodia and an opportunity to break with the past will be in the success of the ECCC, bringing to justice those responsible for serious crimes during the Khmer Rouge period.
Mr. McCartney: The UK has not recently engaged in substantial talks with the Government of France on the current situation in the Central African Republic. However, our embassy in Paris and our high commission in Yaounde are in regular contact with French colleagues and continue to monitor the security and humanitarian situation.
Mr. Amess: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent representations she has made to the Chinese National Population and Family Planning Commission on its enforcement of the one child policy; and if she will make a statement. 
Mr. McCartney: We do not take a position on China's right or need to implement family planning policies. However, we did raise our concerns with the Chinese Government following reported abuse of the system, including forced abortion and sterilisation, highlighted by human rights lawyer Chen Guangcheng. We raised the ease of Chen Guangcheng at the most recent round of the UK-China Human Rights Dialogue on 5 February and the Chinese government provided information on his case. We continue to monitor Mr. Chen's situation and that of his family.
Mr. Heald: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how much her Department spent on (a) sponsoring newspaper and publication supplements and (b) funding advertorials in newspapers and publications in the last year for which figures are available; and what the topic was of each. 
£20,000 was paid for a special supplement on UK-Israel relations in English and Hebrew. This was published with the Haaretz newspaper (in Tel Aviv) on 27 June 2006. This project was funded by the Public Diplomacy Challenge Fund, financial year 2006-07 from programme expenditure.
£103,330 was used to sponsor newspaper or publication supplements and fund advertorials in newspapers or publications in the last year as part of the Know Before You Go Campaign, which is an ongoing travel safety campaign run by the FCO. It encourages all British nationals to be better prepared for their overseas trips with a view to avoiding common travelling traumas, risks and dangers. It is not possible to give a further analysis of this expenditure without incurring disproportionate cost.
It is possible that additional expenditure has been made at Posts. This information is not held centrally at the level of detail which would enable us to answer this question. It could only be researched by contacting each Post, and to do so would incur disproportionate cost.
Mr. Hoon: The Government are committed to raising public awareness and debate on all EU issues, including the Berlin Declaration. In this 50th anniversary year, we will continue to support a wide range of activities to raise awareness and engage the public in debate on key challenges and the EU's role in helping to address them. For example, I recently launched the Learning Together initiative, to encourage more schools in the UK to take part in educational partnerships with schools across Europe. This initiative is making information available to schools across the UK about the exciting opportunities available. Teachers and heads with experience of joint learning projects with other countries will become Learning Together Ambassadors, and share their experience with other schools interested in joining. We have also put a wide range of information, speeches and other relevant links on activities to mark the 50th anniversary onto the Foreign and Commonwealth Office's europe.gov.uk website. This includes a link to the text of the Berlin Declaration.
Andrew Rosindell: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how the incentive payments offered to Spanish pensioners related to contributions to the Gibraltar Social Security Fund up to 1969, as set out in individual letters sent to those eligible to be paid directly from the UK, have been calculated. 
Incentive payments form part of the wider Cordoba pensions settlement, which removes a substantial liability from the UK taxpayer, as the Spanish Government has agreed not to claim healthcare costs for the affected Spanish pensioners for whom it would be entitled to do.
Mr. McCartney: We remain deeply concerned about the continued use of the death penalty in Iran. After China, Iran executes more people than any other country in the world. Despite announcing a moratorium on juvenile executions in 2005, Iran still imposes the death penalty for crimes committed before the age of 18. Reports suggest that between five and eight juvenile executions took place in 2005, and at least two in 2006. This is a clear contravention of Iran's obligations under the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. We are also concerned that basic standards surrounding the application of capital punishment are absent in Iran and that death sentences are often carried out in public.
We make frequent representations to the Iranian authorities about the use of the death penalty, both bilaterally and through the EU. On 11 December 2006 our ambassador in Tehran raised our concerns about death sentences handed down to 10 men, with the head of Iran's International Department of the Judiciary. On 21 January and 4 March, the EU presidency in Tehran raised our concerns about specific juvenile death penalty cases and reiterated the EU's longstanding objection to the death penalty in all circumstances. In the last two years, through the EU, we have raised the death penalty with the Iranian authorities at least 15 times.
We also take action through the UN, and were pleased that all EU countries supported a resolution on human rights in Iran at the UN General Assembly in December 2006, which expressed serious concern at "the continuing of public executions, including multiple public executions, and, on a large scale, other executions in the absence of respect for internationally recognized safeguards" and "in particular, deplores the execution of persons who were under the age of 18 at the time their offence was committed".
John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent assessment she has made of the (a) human rights and (b) humanitarian situation of refugees living in Malaysia. 
Mr. McCartney: The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reports that there are 40,000-60,000 persons of concern in Malaysia. There are concerns about the treatment of refugees, and those claiming refugee status, and there are problems over recognition of refugee papers issued by the UNHCR. Access to people claiming refugee status, or facing deportation, can be difficult.
The UNHCR reports that recent moves to clamp down on suspected illegal immigrants have resulted in human rights violations. Around 20,000 arrests were made in 2006. Those arrested are usually placed in detention camps prior to deportation. The camps are overcrowded, unhygienic, and fail to provide properly for women and children.
Our high commission in Kuala Lumpur keeps in regular contact with the UNHCR in Malaysia. The high commission has consistently supported the work of the UNHCR, including in addressing the issue of recognition of UNHCR-certified persons of concern. We are working with the UNHCR on the way forward.
John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what steps have been taken by her Department to address the issue of the deportation of UNHCR-registered refugees from Malaysia. 
Mr. McCartney: Our high commission in Kuala Lumpur keeps in regular contact with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Malaysia. The high commission has consistently supported the work of the UNHCR, including in addressing the issue of deportations from Malaysia. We are working with the UNHCR on the way forward and will continue to do so.
John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent discussions she has had with the Malaysian government on recognition of UNHCR-certified persons of concern. 
Mr. McCartney: My right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary has not discussed this issue with the Malaysian government. However, our high commission in Kuala Lumpur keeps in regular contact with the UN high commissioner for refugees in Malaysia.
Mr. Gordon Prentice:
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what estimate she has made of the number of imams granted entry
clearance to work as ministers of religion who could not speak English in each year since 1995. 
Mr. McCartney: Since 2004 ministers of religion applying for entry clearance to the UK to preach are required to have an international English language training system score of four or above in order for their applications to be successful.
There are no figures available from our High Commission in Islamabad to show how many imams who could not speak English may have been issued with visas before this became a requirement of the Immigration Rules.
Keith Vaz: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what progress has been made towards the Lisbon Agenda target of increased investment in research and development activities to 3 per cent. of GDP in EU member states by 2010. 
Mr. Hoon: Every EU member state is working towards a national research and development target. The UK has a target of spending 2.5 per cent. of gross domestic product on research and development by 2014. The target aims for one third funding from the public sector and two thirds from the private sector, which puts a particular emphasis on raising business research investment.
The EU has taken a number of steps to support member states in making progress towards their targets and to create strong framework conditions for business investment. In particular the recently established Framework programme seven will increase direct EU funding for research and development by 75 per cent.
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