Chris Grayling: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what estimate he has made of the potential change in the number of people living within the 57dB Leq noise contour of each major UK airport arising as a result of the aviation expansion set out in the Aviation White Paper. 
Gillian Merron: Detailed estimates were set out in The Future Development of Air Transport White Paper published in December 2003. These estimates were largely based on the modelling undertaken in a number of earlier detailed studiesSERAS (The South East and East of England Regional Air Services Study), RAS (The Regional Air Services Study), RASCO (The Regional Air Services Coordination Study) and the Part 3 Runway Studies.
Last Decembers progress report reiterated the Governments aim that the number of people in the UK significantly affected by aircraft noise should be limited and, where possible, reduced. The White Paper and the progress report, and documents relating to the main studies and the consultation can be viewed on the Department for Transports website:
Mr. Clifton-Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what estimate he has made of the likely change in the levels of emissions as a result of expansion of aviation outlined in the Governments Air Transport Strategy; and what provisions will be made to ensure that such emissions do not prevent the UK meeting its 2050 emissions targets. 
Gillian Merron: The Future of Air Transport White Paper set out forecasts for carbon dioxide emissions. The technical paper underpinning these, Aviation and Global Warming, was published in January 2004 and is available at:
The Government have made clear the importance it attaches to addressing the environmental impacts of air travel. However, international aviation is not included in the UKs targets as there is no internationally agreed method for allocating such emissions between states.
Chris Grayling: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what (a) the original and (b) the current estimated costs are for the royal and ministerial air travel project; and from what budgets resources are being drawn. 
English local authorities (outside London) do report the numbers and lengths of new bus lane schemes to the Department. They reported that a total of 953 schemes (bus lanes, showcase bus routes and high occupancy vehicle lanes), with a total length of just over 5,000km, had been implemented in the five years up to March 2006.
Helen Jones: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many students over 16-years-old in Warrington are eligible for concessionary bus travel; and what percentage of those students live in each of the parliamentary constituencies within the borough. 
Jim Cousins: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what the rate of take-up of free bus fares for the over 60s has been in each local authority or metropolitan area since the introduction of the scheme. 
Gillian Merron: The majority of advertising investment by the central Department is in support of the THINK! Road Safety and Act on C02 campaigns. DVLAs main advertising expenditure has been to support the introduction of continuous registration.
Mr. Spellar: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport pursuant to the answer of 24 May, Official Report, column 1459W, on fares technology, whether the proposed timetable would allow for smartcards to be used in time for the start of the national concessionary fares scheme in April 2008. 
Gillian Merron: The Department is currently consulting on the proposed concessionary bus travel pass specification. The consultation paper considers all options such as whether the pass should be specified in ITSO smartcard form.
Passes would be used as smartcards in areas which had smart-readers on buses, and used as flash passes (i.e. shown to bus drivers) in other areas. We would not require all buses to install smart-readers by April 2008.
John Barrett: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many accidents occurred in car parks in each of the last five years in (a) Scotland and (b) the UK; and how many (i) deaths and (ii) injuries resulted from those accidents in each category. 
Gillian Merron: The Concessionary Bus Travel Bill, currently before Parliament, contains a power to allow, via future regulations, for mutual recognition of bus passes across the UK. The Department has had initial discussions with the devolved administrations about the proposal and all indicated support for including the power in the Bill. However they also acknowledged that we would need to discuss it further and work together to resolve the various technical and resource issues before mutual recognition could be pursued in practice.
In the mean time, local authorities in England already have the flexibilitywhich the Bill does not changeto offer more than the statutory concession to their residents, taking into account local circumstances, for example, free travel in the vicinity of the local authority, which could include, across borders.
Mr. Tom Harris: This information is not held by the Department for Transport but by the British Transport Police who can be contacted at: British Transport Police, 25 Camden Road, London NW1 9LN, E-mail:
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Mr. Scott: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether the recent rules changes on train horn noise which mean that train drivers should no longer routinely sound their horns at night and use a lower tone during the day when able to will apply to the operations of London Underground and their contractors. 
Gillian Merron: The whistles on London Underground trains are quite different from the horns on over-ground trains, as are the regulations for their use. The use of whistles on London Underground is an operational matter for them.
Mr. MacNeil: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what checks are made on (a) the qualifications and (b) the on-the-job experience of applicants prior to the award of certificates of equivalent competency to foreign officers on UK-flagged ships. 
Dr. Ladyman: In all cases an applicant's certificate of competency is verified prior to the issue of a certificate of equivalent competency. A seafarer is required to spend a prescribed amount of time at sea in order to qualify for a certificate of competency.
Mr. MacNeil: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what his most recent estimate is of the number of certificates of equivalent competence which will be awarded to foreign officers on UK-flagged ships in the next two years. 
Dr. Ladyman: Under the 1978 Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping Convention (STCW) (as amended), flag states are required to endorse third party Certificates of Competency (CoC) of officers serving onboard their ships.
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