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Mrs. Moon: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what steps trading standards enforcement officers take to ensure that furniture imported into the UK from other EU member states meets the safety requirements of the relevant legislation. 
Mr. McCartney: Under single market rules, goods from other EU countries must be allowed to circulate freely. Products accepted for sale in one member state cannot be banned from sale in any other member states, except on safety grounds. How Trading Standards undertake market surveillance with regard to the safety legislation they enforce is a matter for them. I understand Trading Standards liaises with HM Revenue and Customs on furniture imports as appropriate, and that this has resulted in furniture being detained and convictions obtained for non-compliance with the Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations 1988 (FFRs). They also act on tip-offs regarding unsafe furniture being sold door-to-door, at boot sales or at the side of the road, and make routine checks of furniture in retail outlets. In the period 1 April 2003-31 May 2007 there were 48 convictions for furniture not complying with the FFRs. This figure is from the Office of Fair Trading who stress it is based on returns received and that the actual figure is likely to be somewhat higher.
Mandatory energy labelling in the European Union (EU) is covered by Framework Directive 92/75/EC, which requires that certain appliances display an energy label where they are offered for sale. This does not apply to outdoor patio heaters.
Mr. Laurence Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what discussions he has had with the International Atomic Energy Agency on its recruitment policy, with particular reference to the advertising of its vacancies; and if he will make a statement. 
Malcolm Wicks [holding answer 19 June 2007]: The Government are aware that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) advertises vacancies for Professional and General Service posts on its website. Officials from the UK Mission to the IAEA in Vienna have met several times with the agencys personnel division to discuss their recruitment practices. The IAEAs personnel systems, including their recruitment section, are subject to oversight by the agencys external auditors, the latter are appointed by members of the IAEA board of governors of which the UK is a permanent member. In addition the IAEA division of management publishes a biennial report on human resource management, which is issued to IAEA member states. The Government believe this is an acceptable level of scrutiny for such an organisation and are therefore satisfied that the recruitment policy of the IAEA is fair and transparent.
Mr. Watson: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what estimate his Department has made of the losses suffered in each of the last five years by the British film, music, retail and rental industries as a result of internet piracy and the production and distribution of illegal copies of film and music; and if he will make a statement. 
Malcolm Wicks: Industry estimates that in 2005 the worldwide value of trade in pirate music discs was $4.5 billion while 20 billion tracks were illegally downloaded. In the same time the criminal gain in the UK from DVD piracy was estimated at £278 million. The Government are committed to working with industry to address this problem.
Better intelligence is the key work to combating intellectual property crime across the board. We need a better understanding of the criminals involved and their business methods. The Government have been working on this and a number of areas where existing material appears to be deficient. The UK Intellectual Property Office has set up an intelligence hub and is bringing in expert resources. Collaboration is vital, and I call on all sectors to become involved in the important work and to share the information they have.
Dr. Gibson: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how much the Government spent on nanotechnology in each of the last 10 years; and how much it plans to spend in the next 10 years. 
Malcolm Wicks: A wide variety of Government supported research activities could to some extent be deemed to embrace nanoscience and nanotechnologies, thus it is not possible to accurately identify all Government funding in this area in the last 10 years.
|(1) No data available (as there was no nanotechnology relevant coding at this time).|
It is not possible to say precisely how much the Government will spend on nanotechnology over the next 10 years. These decisions will be based on the outcome of the comprehensive spending review and commercial and academic opportunities identified by the DTIs Technology Strategy Board and the Research Councils.
Mr. Kidney: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how many new business start-ups there were in Stafford constituency in each of the last three years; and what estimate he has made of the likely start-up rate in the next three years. 
|New business starts|
From April this year the five existing Business Link services have been replaced by a single, regionally managed and locally delivered service. As a result there will be no dedicated/targeted services for Stafford/Staffordshire as we have now set-up a regionally wide consistent service.
|Business creation( 1)|
|(1) Businesses created and demonstrating growth after 12 months and businesses attracted to the region.|
Forecast estimates over the next two financial years (2008-09, 2009-10) on a sub regional or on a regional basis is not available. The outcome of the comprehensive spending review 2007 will determine how regional development agencies corporate plans, explains what it plans to deliver in return for the resources allocated to it, are being developed and it is difficult at this stage to provide forecasts.
Mr. Vaizey: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what effect he expects the planned change in funding for the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority in financial year 2007-08 and subsequent years to have on employment at the UK Atomic Energy Authority's Harwell and Winfrith sites. 
Malcolm Wicks [holding answer 14 June 2007]: The outcome of the Government's comprehensive spending review (CSR07) is not expected until autumn 2007. It is for the Site Licence Company to determine what effect CSR07 funding might have on employment at the sites.
Mr. Dai Davies: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry pursuant to the answer of 11 June 2007, Official Report, column 772-73W, on radioactive wastes: waste management, what definition he uses of full share of waste management costs. 
Malcolm Wicks: The reference in the Energy Review report to sharing costs reflects the fact that the storage facilities and deep repository will be primarily for waste that already exists: this will be for the public sector to fund. But we need to decide what contribution owners of new nuclear plant should make to the total costs. Our principle is that they should meet their full share of these costs, but we need to do more detailed work on how this should be calculated.
DTI supported the start up of Ecsite UK, an umbrella organisation for science and discovery centres, to provide a national voice to the
Government and to be the point of reference for the work of science and discovery centres. The Government have never had any direct responsibility for the set up and development of any individual science centres.
DTI and DfES are funding an Ecsite-UK initiative, totalling £750,000 between November 2006 to March 2008, for work which will enable consortia of science centres to work more effectively together and in collaboration with other organisations, with the objective of achieving financial sustainability.
Dr. Cable: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of science centres in the UK and of their role in science education; and what the Government's plans are for the development of science centres in the next five years. 
Malcolm Wicks: Science centres are one of the many ways in which enthusiasm for science can be generated among young people. DTI and DfES are currently providing £750,000 to Ecsite UK, an umbrella body for science and discovery centres, for work specifically designed to allow science centres to assess how they can work in combination with others, to achieve financial sustainability.
Mr. Clegg: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department with how many people against whom removal proceedings had commenced the Immigration and Nationality Directorate lost contact in each month of the last two years; and what percentage this represents of the total number of people against whom removal proceedings were commenced in each month. 
Mr. Gerrard: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) which countries received returning failed asylum applicants under the UK enforced returns programme in each year since 2004; how many enforced returnees were sent back to each of those countries in each year; and what packages of assistance were provided in each case; 
(2) which countries have received returning failed asylum applicants under the UK voluntary returns programme since 2004; how many voluntary returnees have been sent back to each; and what packages of assistance were provided by each. 
The first of the accompanying tables shows the number of asylum applicants, including dependants, who were recorded as being forcibly removed from the UK since 2004, broken down by destination. These figures include enforced removals, persons departing voluntarily after enforcement
action had been initiated against them and since 2005 those who it is established have left the UK without informing the immigration authorities.
The second of the accompanying tables shows the number of asylum applicants, including dependants, leaving the UK under Assisted Voluntary Return Programmes run by the International Organisation for Migration since 2004, broken down by destination. These figures may include some cases where enforcement action had been initiated.
|Removals and voluntary departures, excluding assisted returns(1,2,3) of asylum applicants(4),( )including dependants, by destination(5), 2004-06(6)|
|Destination||2004||2005( 6)||2006( 6)||2004-06 total( 6)|
|(1) Includes enforced removals and those departing Voluntarily after enforcement action had been initiated against them.|
(2) Removals in 2005 and 2006 include those who it is established have left the UK without informing the immigration authorities.
(3) Excludes Assisted Voluntary Returns.
(4) Persons who had sought asylum at some stage, including dependants.
(5) Figures rounded to the nearest five, with = 0, * = 1 or 2.
(6) Provisional figures.
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