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Mark Pritchard: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what discussions he has had with police forces in England and Wales on establishing a central database for people convicted of animal welfare crimes. 
Jonathan Shaw: There have been no discussions between DEFRA and police forces in England and Wales on this issue. Data about people convicted of cruelty to animals are already stored in centrally held criminal records.
Mr. Drew: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs if he will press for action to be taken under the Berne Convention against countries where control of badgers is undertaken by methods banned under that convention. 
Jonathan Shaw: Badgers ( Meles, meles) are listed as a protected species under appendix III of the Berne Convention, but they are not an endangered species. The Berne Convention provides for exceptions to be made so as to allow the use of means and methods of killing prohibited under appendix IV, subject to certain conditions. I am not aware that any country is breaching the Berne Convention with respect to badger control.
Mr. Drew: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what research he has evaluated on the proactive culling of badgers in Ireland in response to bovine tuberculosis; and what assessment he has made of the possible application of this policy to the UK. 
Jonathan Shaw: We have reviewed the published findings of the Irish Four Areas badger culling trial (which were published in Preventative Veterinary Medicine in January 2005), as well as advice from independent scientists on whether the findings of the Irish research can be applied to the situation in England. The experience in the Republic of Ireland is not directly transferable to England because the badger population, farming practices and general environment are all very different. As a result, while we can learn from the Republic of Irelands experiences, directly applying such a policy here is not possible.
Mr. Drew: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what discussions he has had with the Irish Government on a vaccination strategy to reduce the incidence of bovine tuberculosis. 
Jonathan Shaw: DEFRA officials have visited Ireland several times to discuss the UK and Irish work programmes and areas of potential future collaboration, particularly regarding the design of badger field studies and licensing requirements for Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG). The Veterinary Laboratories Agency also has active research links with Irish researchers.
Matthew Taylor: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what the volume of milk production was in (a) Cornwall, (b) the South West and (c) England in each year for which figures are available. 
Jonathan Shaw: Precise estimates of milk production in these regions are not readily available. However, the following table provides estimates of the volume of milk produced in Cornwall, the South West and England for the years 1979 to 2006 calculated by applying the average UK milk yield to the number of dairy cows in each region.
|Milk production (million litres)|
|Cornwall and Isles of Scilly||South West region||England|
David Simpson: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many complaints of racial abuse relating to staff for which his Department is responsible have been (a) investigated and (b) upheld in the last 12 months. 
Jonathan Shaw: During the last 12 months (for the period July 2006 to July 2007) there have been no complaints of racial abuse relating to staff for which this Department is responsible that have been either investigated or upheld.
The Department has an internal intranet site which details the departmental policy on bullying and harassment. The site also details further information and the procedures for dealing with complaints of bullying and harassment together with details of local contacts and support advisers who can give help and advice to staff.
Bill Wiggin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) what progress his Department has made towards meeting its target of making a 25 per cent. reduction in administrative burdens on business by the end of 2009; 
The total administrative burden from the 362 DEFRA regulations which, as of May 2005 imposed such a burden, was assessed to be £527.8 million per annum. This represents the Departments
administrative burden baseline. In our Simplification Plan Maximising Outcomes, Minimising Burdens, which was published in December 2006 and is available from the Library, administrative reductions of around £159 million were identified. This represents a reduction of 30 per cent. on the baseline. Progress since then will be reported in our 2007 plan which is due for publication in the autumn. However, the Department is progressing well toward meeting its net administrative burden reduction target of 25 per cent. by 2010.
The cross-Government administrative burden measurement exercise, which identified the baseline administrative burden, was carried out by Pricewaterhouse Coopers (PwC) on behalf of the Cabinet Office. The exercise used an internationally agreed model, recommended to the Government by business. As the first UK Government to take this radical approach to managing the regulatory burden, there are no comparable data before 2005 when the exercise was carried out.
Bob Spink: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what comparative analysis he has made of the power consumed by listening to the radio using (a) a traditional analogue set powered by the mains, (b) a digital radio powered by the mains and (c) via a television receiving digital radio through a set-top box receiver; and if he will make a statement. 
Joan Ruddock: The Governments Market Transformation Programme (MTP) has tested a limited number of digital radios. The average energy needed to operate by those radios tested was around 8.5 watts. A typical traditional analogue radio requires 2 watts.
The Energy Saving Trust (EST) recently tested four televisions to estimate the energy consumed by listening to digital radio via a television and set-top box receiver. These tests indicated that listening to digital radio in this way required between 60 and 183 watts. The actual energy used varied according to the type of television, the screen size and whether the screen was on or the display was black. Black screen display is only available for BBC radio channels.
Screen blanking, which allows the selected radio station to be received in audio only, can reduce the energy consumption to around 25 watts. Although not yet widely available, we expect this technology to become more common in the near future.
Matthew Taylor: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what the average farm income was in (a) Cornwall, (b) the south west and (c) England of farms of size (i) less than 5 ha, (ii) 5 to 20 ha, (iii) 20 to 50 ha, (iv) 50 to 100 ha and (v) more than 100 ha in each year since 1979. 
The following tables show average net farm income per farm in (a) Cornwall (b) the South West Government Office Region and (c) in England of farms of size (i) less than 5 ha, (ii) 5 to 20 ha, (iii) 20 to 50 ha, (iv) 50 to 100 ha and (v) more than
100 ha in each year since 1980. Data are not available on a comparable basis for 1979.
|Table 1: Cornwall|
|Cornwall: average net farm income per farm (£/farm)( 1)|
|March/February years||Less than 5 ha||5 < 20 ha||20 < 50 ha||50 < 100 ha||100 ha and over|
|n/a = Data not available, too few farms in sample.|
(1) Minimum size threshold for inclusion in the FBS was as follows:
1980-81 to 1991-924 BSU (British Size Units)
(1 BSU = 2000 European Currency Units (now known as Euros) of Standard Gross Margin)
1992-93 to 1995-968 ESU (European Size Units)
(1 ESU = 1200 European Currency Units (now known as Euros) of Standard Gross Margin)
1996-97 onwards0.5 SLR (Standard Labour Requirement)
Farm Business Survey
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