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For comparison, in January 2006 there were 56,800 full time equivalent teachers in the leadership group in maintained schools in England. (Source: 618G Annual Survey of Teachers in Service and Teacher Vacancies).
Research commissioned by the Department and published in 2003 looked into the factors influencing teachers decisions to leave the profession. It identified five main reasons: Workload (eg workload too heavy), New Challenge (eg attracted by another job), School (eg way school is run), Salary (eg offered higher salary elsewhere) and Personal Circumstances (eg opportunity to travel). Of these, workload was the most important factor and salary the least.
Considering all teachers, the research found that most of those taking early retirement were doing so because they felt they had worked long enough or because they could afford to. Some wanted time to themselves, others to be with a partner who had retired. Some were prepared to leave without an immediate pension and were contemplating other employment.
From 1 January 2007, new provisions have been introduced into the Teachers Pension Scheme that will provide teachers with greater choice and flexibility over the way they manage the transition from work to retirement. The new provisions will allow teachers to wind down in the years leading up to retirement, for example by moving to part time working or taking a post with less responsibility, while protecting their pension rights. New phased retirement provisions have also been introduced that will enable teachers to remain in the workplace in a reduced capacity while at the same time drawing some of their pension benefits.
The Department has commissioned research into the impact these changes to the pension scheme may have on the retirement behaviour of teachers. The fieldwork for this study has already taken place and the project is due to report early in 2008. The research will help inform the key work that the National College of School Leadership is taking forward on succession planning to ensure that we have the right quantity and quality of school leaders both now and in the future.
|Full-time equivalent number of teaching staff in local authority maintained schools in Great Yarmouth constituency, January 1997 to 2006|
|As at January:||Qualified teaching staff||Other teaching staff||Total teaching staff|
Figures are rounded to the nearest 10.
Mr. Rob Wilson: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families (1) how many (a) primary and (b) secondary school teachers in each local education authority had their employment terminated in each of the last five years, broken down by reason for termination; 
(3) how many (a) primary school and (b) secondary school teachers in each local education authority (i) retired, (ii) resigned and (iii) had their contract terminated in each of the last 10 years; 
|Average salary of full-time regular teachers( 1) in Norfolk local authority, March of each year|
|(1) Includes teachers of all grades.|
Figures are rounded to the nearest 100.
Database of Teachers' Records (DTR)
Hugh Bayley: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families what the average full-time equivalent gross pay of teachers in York schools was (a) in cash terms and (b) at current prices in each year since 1997. 
Jim Knight: The following table provides the average gross salary of full-time regular teachers in maintained sector service in York local authority in each March from 1997 to 2005, the latest information available.
|Gross average salary|
|Cash||Current prices( 1)|
|(1 )Adjusted for inflation to 2006-07 prices using HM Treasury GDP deflator.|
(2 )Provisional estimates.
Figures are rounded to the nearest 100.
Database of Teachers Records (DTR)
Jim Knight: The following table shows the number of trainees who were registered to commence mainstream post graduate Initial Teacher Training (ITT) courses, the number of trainees registered to commence the Graduate Teacher Programme (GTP) and the number of trainees registered to commence Teach First from 2000/01 to 2006/07.
|Number of trainees registered to commence mainstream post graduate ITT training, the Graduate Teacher Programme and Teach First|
|Academic year||Mainstream post graduate trainees registered to commence ITT courses( 1,2)||Trainees registered to commence ITT courses through the Graduate Trainee Programme( 3,4)||Trainees registered to commence ITT courses through the Teach First Programme( 5)|
|(1) Recruitment figures for 2006/07 are provisional and are subject to change.|
(2) Includes universities and other HE institutions, SCITT and OU, but excludes employment based routes.
(3) Recruitment in 2006/07 is for the autumn term only and is provisional. A further 2,130 trainees are expected to start on employment based routes during the year. Figures from 2003/04 onwards are subject to future revision.
(4) Figures prior to 2002/03 are taken from TDA records as at the end of the academic year. Figures for 2002/03 onwards are taken from the TDA EBR database as at January 2007 and are not directly comparable with previous years.
(5) 2003/04 was the first year of the Teach First Programme. Teach First data for 2003/04 and 2004/05 are at November of the academic year. Teach First data for 2005/06 and autumn term 2006/07 are at January 2007.
Recruitment figures shown are rounded to the nearest 10.
TDA Employment Based Routes Database TDAs ITT Trainee Numbers Census 2000/01 to 2006/07
Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families how many children aged 16 and 17 are in employment, broken down by (a) small, (b) medium and (c) large size employers; and if he will make a statement. 
Jim Knight: In 2006 there were around 585,300 young people aged 16 and 17 years in employment in England. The majority (500,100) of these employed young people were also participating in education and training.
Labour Force Survey analysis for 2006 suggests around 73 per cent. of 16 to 17 year olds worked in firms with fewer than 50 employees, 18 per cent.
worked in firms with 50 to 249 employees and 9 per cent. worked in firms with 250 or more employees.
(a) 429,200 worked in firms with fewer than 50 employees;
(b) 103,100 worked in firms with 50 to 249 employees;
(c) 53,000 worked in firms with 250 or more employees.
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