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Bill Rammell: The Learning and Skills Council (LSC) employs 11 press and communications officers in its National Office and nine Regional Offices, Some of these staff are engaged in other work in addition to their duties as press officers. The LSC has a statutory duty to encourage individuals to undergo post-16 education and training, and in 2006-07 more than 5.5 million people benefited from the learning that it funded.
Mr. Gray: To ask the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills which Department or agency is responsible for the operation of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test required for admission to certain medical schools; which body let the contract to the private sector for operation of the test; and which organisation successfully tendered for the contract to operate the test. 
There is no Government Department or agency responsible for the operation of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) required for admission to certain medical schools. A group of universities with medical and dental schools came
together in 2005 to form the UKCAT Consortium, a company limited by guarantee. The Consortium let the contract for the operation of the test. The successful organisation was Pearson VUE.
Bill Rammell: The Office for Fair Access has one part-time press and communications adviser. The post, which is equivalent to 0.5 FTE, encompasses the press officer role, as well as including responsibility for all of OFFAs external communications.
Bill Rammell: To help tackle abuse of the student immigration route of entry to the UK, the Home Office will only grant visas to international students who have offers of places to study at colleges on the DIUS Register of Education and Training Providers. Colleges applying to join the DIUS Register are required to supply evidence that they are providing education and training, and meeting the requirements of the Immigration Rules. The registration process is one of continual assessment.
Institutions failing to maintain the necessary standards are subject to review and removal from the Register if justified. The Borders and Immigration Agency advised us that Kelvin Business School was in breach of the Immigration Rules. The college was therefore removed from the DIUS Register on 19 July 2007.
Ms Keeble: To ask the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills which cross-sector standards-setting bodies are to be invited to draw up their own qualification strategies and take the lead in approving qualifications in their sector. 
To date, the SSDA has approved four (4) standard-setting bodies to develop pan-sector qualifications strategies. These four are Management and Leadership (MSC), Administration (GIA),
Marketing and Sales (MSSSB) and Customer Services (IGS). The only other pan-sector for which a qualifications strategy is currently being considered is health and safety. If any other standard-setting body wanted to develop its own qualifications strategies it would need to demonstrate that the occupational area they want to cover is not already covered by an existing Sector Skills Councils Sector Qualifications Strategy.
In developing their pan-sector qualifications strategies, each standard-setting body is working closely with a lead Sector Skills Council which will ensure employer needs across the board are represented and that there is no duplication with other qualifications strategies. No standard-setting bodies will be responsible for approving qualifications, this is the role of the Sector Skills Councils. All cross-sector standard-setting bodies are being buddied with a lead Sector Skills Council which will approve qualifications, drawing on the expertise of the standard-setting body and liaising with other Sector Skills Councils as appropriate.
Mr. Dunne: To ask the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills (1) what the (a) total annual remuneration and (b) average annual remuneration payable to members of each scientific advisory committee was in the latest year for which information is available; 
Ian Pearson: There are 81 Scientific Advisory Committees (SACs) who support the work of their sponsor Departments. Management of SACs is a matter for their sponsor Departments who are responsible for establishing the SAC's terms of reference and membership and for ensuring that they deliver value for money. There are no arrangements for collecting the data requested centrally. To do so would be disproportionately costly.
Julia Goldsworthy: To ask the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills if he will estimate the fee income for higher education providers as referred to in the written ministerial statement by the then Minister for Lifelong Learning, Further and Higher Education of 23 March 2005, Official Report, columns 71-2WS, on student finance. 
Mr. Roger Williams: To ask the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills how many complaints have been received from graduates against the Student Loans Company in each of the last three years; and if he will make a statement. 
Bill Rammell: The number of complaints received specifically from graduates is not available. The total number of new complaints registered by the Student Loans Company from all sources, including customers prior to and after graduation, and third parties, is as follows:
Jonathan Shaw: There are no plans to review the current penalty for the offence of animal cruelty contained in the Animal Welfare Act 2006, which came into force in Wales on 27 March 2007 and in England on 6 April 2007.
The Act increased the maximum penalty for an offence of causing unnecessary suffering to an animal from £5,000 to a fine of £20,000, or a maximum term of imprisonment of six months, or both. The Act also introduced the new offence of failing to ensure the welfare of animals, which carries a penalty of up to six months' imprisonment, or a fine of up to £5,000, or both. I am satisfied that these sentences are proportionate and in line with those provided for in comparable legislation.
Sandra Gidley: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what steps are being taken to monitor the effectiveness of the Environmental Stewardship schemes in rebuilding biodiversity apart from assessing the condition of Sites of Special Scientific Interest. 
DEFRA and Natural England are spending about £1.5 million a year to monitor and
evaluate how effectively the full range of agri-environment scheme objectives is being delivered; including biodiversity, landscape, the historic environment and access.
Stephen Hammond: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) what the estimated total level of carbon emissions in the UK was in (a) 2004, (b) 2005 and (c) 2006; 
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Emissions are presented as carbon dioxide equivalents in line with international standards for reporting and carbon trading. To compute the carbon equivalent of the emission of carbon dioxide, divide by 44/12.
Bob Spink: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what estimate he has made of the (a) cost of and (b) volume of carbon dioxide emissions produced by the energy consumption of televisions in use in the UK which possess a screen blanking feature. 
Joan Ruddock: No information is available about the number of televisions in use in the UK which have a screen blanking facility (which allows the selected channel to be received in audio only). Therefore, it is not possible to make an estimate of the cost or volume of carbon dioxide emissions resulting from use of these appliances.
Sir John Stanley: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what steps he plans to take to promote the prevention of deforestation (a) in England and (b) globally as a means of combating climate change; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr. Woolas: Tree felling in England is controlled by the Felling Regulations, which are administered by the Forestry Commission. Deforestation is also subject to the provisions of the Environmental Impact Assessment (Forestry) (England and Wales) Regulations 1999. Permission is not normally granted for deforestation unless it is for the recreation of priority open habitats, which have been lost due to planting with trees; often non-native conifers.
Under the Kyoto Protocol, global emissions from deforestation are already taken into account by developed countries in meeting their emissions reduction commitments. The UK and other European Union (EU) member states are negotiating on how to include emissions from deforestation from developing countries in future climate change agreements, on a voluntary basis.
This process is also supported by UK and EU action to tackle illegal logging and improve sustainable timber procurement, working with international partners including producer and consumer countries. Reducing emissions from deforestation is a key aim of the Environmental Transformation Fund announced in the 2007 Budget. The UK has already announced that £50 million from this Fund will go towards reducing deforestation in the Congo Basin, by promoting sustainable forestry.
Jonathan Shaw: Natural Englands report to the Government on coastal access in February 2007 estimated that nationally 70 per cent. of the English coast has some access for walkers by right or other recognised provision; for example on public rights of way, open country under the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000, national trails or National Trust land. However, these existing rights and provisions for access within the 70 per cent. often fail to join up in a way that gives continuous access around the coast.
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