MPA STOPS AND
The MPA Stops and Searches Review Board (SSRB)
formerly known as Stop and Search Scrutiny Implementation Panel
(SSSIP) was established in October 2004 to monitor the progress
of the recommendations. The Board is a member led committee and
is chaired by John Roberts.
The recommendations are around various themes
(Supervision & Monitoring, Complaints & Feedback, Policy,
Training and Raising Public Awareness).
The Board has now completed two reviews of the
themes and will be looking at "signing off" some of
the recommendations from January 2007. These includes:
Structures that are now in place
and require no further work except for monitoring;
Processes that have become obsolete
due to change management within the MPS; and
Those that are ongoing processes
for eg training.
The SSRB will cease its scrutiny role by April
2008; however MPA members will continue a review progress of the
MPS stops and searches practice through the MPA Equal Opportunity
and Diversity Board (EODB) and Full Authority.
WIDE MPA STOPS
In April 2003, Hackney was the first borough
to pilot the monitoring of stops and searches followed by Tower
Hamlets in November 2003. The process included the engagement
of community representatives and local stops and searches officers.
Between October 2004 and September 2005 only
eight local monitoring groups were in place.
To assist community monitoring groups and stops
and searches officers at local level, the MPA established a Stops
and Searches Community Monitoring (CMN) Forum. The purpose of
the Network Forum is to:
Provide networking opportunities
between Local Monitoring Groups.
Provide leadership to Local Monitoring
Groups working with police locally challenging their use of stop
Provide learning opportunities and
capacity building for Local Monitoring Group members.
Provide a community based "challenge
panel" for the MPA Stop and Search Review Board.
As of October 2006 28 boroughs now have a Local
Monitoring Group in place.
In September 2006, the CMN has been in place
for a year and has met six times to date. The meetings are externally
facilitated to ensure independence beyond the MPA, the community
and the MPS and for everyone to be able to voice their opinion.
Increasingly the community is now taking greater control of the
agenda (ie chairing the meetings) and meetings are now thematic
The CMN meetings have looked at:
Local Monitoring Group practicestrengths
Impact of the bombings on stop and
search and public confidence.
MPS data on stop and search.
The MPA has ring-fenced £25,000 for Local
Monitoring Groups to support local initiatives. This is a one-off
initiative for 2006 to 2007.
The aims of the RHCF are to:
improve the co-ordination between
the key agencies responsible for dealing with victims of race
improve the effectiveness with which
perpetrators of race hate crime are brought to justice;
support the reduction and prevention
of race hate crime;
improve the confidence and satisfaction
of victims in reporting crimes; and
to promote consistent service across
The RHCF has since 2004 held bimonthly meetings
with boroughs to scrutinise progress on the hate crime agenda.
Specifically this has focused on race and faith hate crimes. Boroughs
have also increasingly provided information on homophobic hate
crime. In 2007 the RHCF will complete the process of hearing presentations
from all 32 London boroughs and will refocus on its strategic
areas of work with the various forum partner agencies.
The RHCF, through its presentations, has been
asking boroughs to share what they are doing to address hate crime
and racist bullying in their schools. The information provided
so far is fairly general as there are issues for schools in accurately
recording incidents of race/faith and homophobic bullying. The
MPS current sanction detection target rate stands at 36%.
The information we do have is that in terms
of young people and crime. The statistical data from MPS as of
September 2006 records the following:
The number of young people accused
age range 0-17 = 24,227.
The number of young people as victims
age range 0-17 = 47,934.
Currently there is no information available
to identify young people across the specific age category that
applies to the Every Child Matters agenda, where the age range
is 0-19. Information is to be requested from the MPS to ensure
its categorisation complies with this are range in order to support
its new Young People Strategy for 2007-09.
The RHCF will continue to explore the impact
of crime and the fear of crime on young people in its investigation
of work being done by boroughs.
From Young Minds, Crime and Youth Justice, http://www.youngminds.org.uk/crime/
Young people who commit offences and are in
contact with the youth justice system are more likely to have
experienced some kind of mental health difficulties. Their offending
behaviour is often as damaging to themselves as it is to others
around them. It is often a way of dealing with painful, fearful
or angry feelings.
The Youth Justice Board for England and Wales
is responsible for the youth justice system, which includes Youth
Offending Teams (YOTs); the youth courts; and the institutions
in which young people are held in custody (the Secure Estate).
The Youth Justice Board has a variety of schemes aimed at preventing
offending by children and young people, such as Safer School Partnerships,
parenting programmes and mentoring programmes.
MPA DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
The Metropolitan Police Authority (MPA) Domestic
Violence Board is set up to monitor, scrutinise and support the
MPS in its performance and response to domestic violence. The
Board aims to secure continuous improvement in the MPS' response
and disseminate best practice and innovation across the 32 Borough
Operational Command Units (BOCUs).
At the last MPA Equal Opportunities and Diversity
Board, the MPS stated that their overall current sanction detection
rate for domestic violence is 35.6%, which compares favourably
against the performance for the previous two years.
Both the MPA and MPS are examining the issue
of domestic violence homicides. In 2006-07, 11 people have been
murdered; in 2005-06 of the 34 domestic violence homicides, six
victims were male, 28 were female of which 20 victims were BME
women. The ethnicity breakdown of the 20 women were:
Currently, the MPA and MPS are trying to ascertain
the age and ethnicity dimensions of both victims and perpetrators
and what lessons can be learned to further assist the preventative
and campaigning work undertaken by the MPS and its other key CJS
and voluntary partners and stakeholders. Critically young people,
whether directly or indirectly, may be victims of domestic violencea
key issue the Board is keen to address.
In an MPS report, which was submitted to EODB
in June 2006, youth crime remains a concern for boroughs, with
youth victims accounting for 40% of total personal robbery.
Engaging with young people is crucial towards
gaining and maintaining the trust and confidence of young people.
The MPS, together with its partners, such as Transport for London
(TfL) and British Transport Police (BTP), have made significant
in-roads and developed pro-active strategies to assist actual
and potential young victims of crime. However, for the MPS there
is the challenge of developing sustainable engagement with young
people outside of crime-related operations and successful initiatives
such as Operation Blunt (anti-knife crime). The MPS has also carried
out notable groundbreaking work through Operation Trident (guns
in the Black communities) and with the Trident Independent Advisory
Group (IAG) developed high profile anti-gun campaigns.
On 7 February 2006 Prime Minster Tony Blair
and policing minister Hazel Blears announced that every neighbourhood
in the capital will have its own dedicated police team by April
20072 years ahead of schedule.
The programme remains on course for delivering
the full rollout of the 630 Safer Neighbourhoods teams into every
area of London by the end of December 2006. These teams will have
a minimum staffing level of one sergeant, two police constables
and three police community support officers (1,2,3 model).
During April 2006 a further 345 Safer Neighbourhoods
teams were launched to cover all the MPS area, (including the
five additional Westminster teams and the Crystal Palace team).
Recent public attitude surveys have shown an
increase in both public satisfaction and confidence in the police
service within the Safer Neighbourhoods areas. Anecdotal information
from Key Individual Network (KIN) questionnaires (The KIN is a
tool that is used for gathering local information and intelligence)
also suggests an increase in public satisfaction and confidence.
The Safer Neighbourhood Programme has progressed
in that; as of 28 October 2006, (according to DAC A. Hitchcock),
493 SN Panels have been established of which 210 are still chaired
by the SN Team. As a criteria of funding for 2006-07 Community
Engagement Groups have been required to interact with the SN Panels.
In linking the community engagement processes not only with the
Safer Neighbourhood level but also into the local partnership
process, all community engagement groups report that they are
represented somewhere within the local Crime & Disorder Reduction
Partnership (CDRP) structure. The vast majority have at least
one seat on the CDRP Board as well as on other groups within the
CDRP structure. This means that the MPA's role in representing
and ensuring that the voice of all Londoners have access to and
is heard through strengthened partnership working at the local
The MPA are currently working on a programme
of community engagement to counter terrorism. London's communities
have a key part to play in countering terrorism, at policy and
strategic levels, whilst not the primary provider of community-police
engagement, the MPA can and does add significant value to the
work in this arena undertaken by the MPS. Part of the programme
consists ofthe MPA is now committed to delivering in 2006
the following activities with regard to terrorism and counter-terrorism:
(1) A programme of six public hearings with
different London communities.
(2) A programme of six focus groups with
students in London universities and colleges.
(3) A programme of thirty-two local consultationsone
in every London Borough.
Young Black and Asian men from across London
have participated in this unique piece of work, with excellent
feedback from those who have contributed. The research stage of
the programme is near conclusion and a full report consisting
of a series of recommendations from Londoners on how to counter
terrorism will be published in February 2007. This is an innovative
and detailed piece of work, recognising the potential Londoners
themselves have to contribute to the safety and security of the
An, as yet, unpublished piece of research sought
to understand why there was a difference between the proportion
of PCSO and police officer recruits who were women, ethnic minorities
and from a wider range of ages.
Key findings from the study (including Human
Resources (HR) data from April 2004 to March 2006, interviews
with PCSOs and stakeholders and a survey of the Safer London Panel)
Proportionately more PCSO than police
officer recruits in the younger and slightly older age categories,
and proportionately more who were from Black and Minority Ethnic
Greater variation in age and ethnicity
of applicants than recruits for both the PCSO and police officer
Minimal difference between the proportion
of BME police officer and PCSO applicants (50.2% vs 55.1%);
Proportionately fewer BME police
officer recruits than PCSO recruits (20.3% vs 36.5%);
Attractions to the PCSO role included:
the nature of the role itself (eg less confrontational, an opportunity
to work with the community), future opportunities the role may
present (particularly using the role as a "stepping-stone"
to becoming a police officer) and terms and conditions of the
role (eg salary, flexible hours);
The most common reason overall why
PCSOs left the role was to become a police officerhowever,
the most common reason why Black African/British/Caribbean, Indian
and Pakistani PCSOs left the role was voluntary resignation;
More than half of PCSOs interviewed
intended to apply to be a police officer after being in the PCSO
role for a while; and
Three overarching reasons for more
diversity amongst PCSO compared to police officer recruits: the
community focused nature of the role; the opportunity the role
offers to increase understanding of working for the MPS; and the
alternative option that the role provides for unsuccessful police
The study suggested that developments to the
PCSO role (training, powers etc) might possibly highlight opportunities
to retain current PCSOs and further diversify the profile of police
officer recruits. These included:
Addressing the career structure within
the PCSO rolealthough not necessarily through creation
of a rank structure;
Providing more opportunities for
PCSOs to utilise their skills (eg language, practical qualifications,
Providing more opportunities for
PCSOs to specialise in certain areas;
Positively promoting and portraying
the police officer role (interviews with PCSOs highlighted how
it was often the police officer rolerather than the MPS
as a wholethat was viewed in negative terms);
Clearly communicating MPS policies
around issues such as opportunities for non-residential police
officer training and how the MPS accommodates cultural practices
such as prayer and fasting; and
Providing more assistance to PCSOs
who want to go on to become police officerssuch as shadowing
or mentoring opportunities.
While addressing these issues might offer benefits
for both the individual and the organisation, the study also highlighted
that effective policing of diverse communities goes further than
simply recruiting a diverse workforce. Ensuring that diversity
is embedded beyond recruitment together with improving opportunities
to retain PCSOs and further diversify the profile of police officer
recruits will continue to develop a police service that truly