Since 2000, the Department of Trade and Industry (the Department) and the Research Councils have allocated over £860 million to constructing 10 new large scientific facilities and have earmarked £270 million for five more projects. These facilities range from the construction of a new Antarctic Research Station (budget £26.2 million) for monitoring climate, ozone and space weather, to the erection of a new Diamond Synchrotron (£383.2 million), which will produce intense X-rays and shorter wavelength emissions for examining structures at molecular and atomic level.
The first two projects, the Diamond Synchrotron (Phase I) and the Royal Research Ship James Cook, were operational by Spring 2007. Performance against the approved capital budgets has been mixed with, for example, the first two projects being delivered broadly to time and budget but with some of the other projects forecast to exceed their initial budgets. In addition, project teams have significantly underestimated the likely costs of operating the new facilities once they are up and running.
Research Councils have encountered difficulty in recruiting people with the necessary project management expertise to manage projects. The Research Councils need to improve the way they share lessons learned and project management.
Every two years the Research Councils publish a road map of facilities which they consider UK scientists may need and, with the Department, select which projects should receive funding. The road map approach adopted in the UK has been commended in evaluative reviews by the United States National Science Foundation as well as reviews commissioned by the Australian and Canadian governments. But the wider scientific and industrial communities do not have an opportunity to scrutinise, challenge or contribute to the prioritisation before the earmarking of funds.
The value of large facilities, in terms of expanding the scientific knowledge and economic benefits generated for the United Kingdom, will depend on selecting the best bids from research teams wishing to use the facilities, and on the effective exploitation of that knowledge by public policy makers and industry. Project teams have identified potential success factors for their facilities but, in most instances, these have not been specified in a way that would readily facilitate measurement.
If the UK is to maximise the value of these facilities it needs to attract more young people into science to make good use of the research capacity now being built and exploit the results.
On the basis of a Report by the Comptroller and Auditor General, the Committee examined how large scientific facilities are delivered and the how their value is assessed. The Committee took evidence from the Department of Trade and Industry and the Public Accounts Facilities Council. Since the hearing, the Government has transferred responsibility for these activities to the new Department of Innovation, Universities and Skills. Our conclusions and recommendations are therefore directed to the new Department.