NERC MARINE INTERNATIONAL
(a) International collaboration through NERC
Marine and Freshwater Microbial Biodiversity (M&FMB)
M&FMB dramatically raised the profile of
UK aquatic microbial research at an international level. International
cooperation included work with JAMSTEC (using the Japanese submersible
Kaiko); the Institute of Microbiology, Bergen (with sampling from
a Norwegian research vessel); and biochemical and pharmaceutical
studies at the University of Tubingen, Germany. The species inventory
studies at Priest Pot involved Spanish, German, French and Russian
research groups, and a comparable coastal analysis was carried
out at NivÅ Bay, Denmark.
The GLOBEC International Project Office has
been hosted at PML since 1999, with initial funding from the budget
of the Directed Programme Marine Productivity. Marine Productivity
fieldwork in the northern North Atlantic used GLOBEC contacts
to develop collaborations with US and Icelandic groups for data
exchange, and with Canadian groups to arrange direct participation
in their research cruises.
RAPID initiated and set up a working collaboration
with the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the USA to co-design
and co-fund the MOC monitoring system. Joint review and evaluation
of proposals took place, which led NSF to invest a further £5
million in studies complementary to the RAPID funded MOC monitoring
studies. The National Atmospheric and Oceanographic Administration
(NOAA) is also contributing in kind, in terms of observations
and ship time.
RAPID issued a Joint international AO for proposals
involving researchers in the Netherlands, Norway and the UK. The
Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and Research
Council of Norway (RCN) agreed that the scientific scope of the
funding call be focused on the scientific objectives of the RAPID
programme. A total of 4 million was made available to promote
cross-national projects in the area of rapid climate change research.
RAPID has also resulted in links with the Max Planck Institute
for Meteorology, Hamburg.
This programme has obtained German co-support
for an international ocean-atmosphere observatory on the Cape
Verde islands, and US support is under negotiation.
(b) International collaboration through NERC
Research and Collaborative Centres/Grant-in-Aid Funded Organisations
BAS participates in the international Scientific
Committee for Antarctic Research (SCAR).
Much of BAS's work has international implications,
for example in policy making. One practical example of BAS science
in action, with immediate benefits, is the provision of sea-ice
information, in real time, to vessels in Antarctic waters. The
impact of BAS science on policy can be seen in the Census on Antarctic
Marine Life, in which BAS are playing a lead role. The BAS science
research vessel RRS James Clark Ross will contribute in
the Arctic during IPY, as will the NERC research station (managed
by BAS) at Ny Ålesund. Further information about Antarctic
marine science is in the separate submission from BAS.
BGS is a member of MESH (Mapping European Seabed
Habitats), an EU project studying techniques for underpinning
ecosystem mapping and evaluation. This is a key step in understanding
the distribution of marine ecosystems and developing a policy
for the sustainable use of marine resources and defining special
areas of conservation. BGS works closely with the Joint Nature
Conservation Committee (JNCC), the Centre for Environment, Fisheries
and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS) and other agencies in this area,
and is working to develop a new integrated approach to modern
seabed mapping. BGS also receives support through the aggregate
levy for this work.
The MBA is the coordinator of two EU projects
(Marine ecosystems regulation and Functional Genomics of the Algae),
a member of both the Marine Genomics and Marine Biodiversity and
Ecosystem Functioning Framework 6 EU networks of excellence and
a partner in 15 EU projects.
NOCS leads HERMES (Hotspot Ecosystem Research
on the Margins of European Seas), one of the new EU Integrated
Research Projects. It also directs ChEss (ChEss: Biogeography
of Deep-Water Chemosynthetic Ecosystems) one of 10 pilot projects
within the worldwide initiative Census of Marine Life. The aim
of ChEss is to determine the biogeography of deep-water chemotrophically-driven
ecosystems and to understand the processes driving them.
NOCS also participates in several other European
and international projects (see NOCS submission).
NOCS hosts the International Project Office
(IPO) of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) study on
Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR); and until recently
also hosted its World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) IPO.
Two members of staff work full time on, and
several others contribute as necessary to, the NOCS applied research
programme dealing with governance of the world's oceans, UNCLOS.
PML is part of three EU Networks of Excellence:
the Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning network (MarBEF),
the EURopean OCean Ecosystems ANalysiS network (EUR-OCEANS) and
the "Marine Genomics Europe" (MGE), and hosts the International
Project Office of GLOBEC (Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics).
POL has expertise in sea-level science (global
and regional) and in ocean dynamics as revealed by a geodetic
perspective (sea level and bottom pressure). Earth observation
expertise focuses on altimetry and space gravity. Also major expertise
in physical oceanography of coasts, shelf seas and ocean margins,
and in the development of advanced coastal ocean hydrodynamic
models (coupled to ecosystem models with PML). Marine technology
expertise is focused on sea-level measurement and coastal sediment
physics (via Coastal Observatories).
POL plays a key role in the Global Sea Level
Observing System (GLOSSa programme of UNESCO's Intergovernmental
Oceanographic Commission IOC), and hosts the (world-wide) Permanent
Service for Mean Sea Level.
SAHFOS receives funding from and collaborates
with scientists from Australia, Canada, Denmark, Faeroes, France,
Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa and the
USA. It is a member of EU Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning
network (MarBEF) and the EURopean OCean Ecosystems ANalysiS network
(EUR-OCEANS) Networks of Excellence. It is a member of the international
Partnership for Observation of the Global Ocean (POGO). SAHFOS
also runs a subsidiary laboratory in Canada.
SAMS has impressive Norwegian and Swedish collaboration
appropriate for the Northern Seas Programme. It has developed
particularly close links with the Norwegian Polar Institute, and
also has good relations with European partners in the Arctic.
It is hosting the IPO and Project Officer for Euro Census of Marine