UK OF MARINE
Estimated UK Marine Monitoring and Assessment
RequirementsAnnual Costs 2007-17Sources of Information
MARG have identified and costed most of the
marine monitoring which is undertaken by the UK.
There is no central source of this information
and many lines are still estimates.
Note that these figures are spread over the
UK departments and agencies and that the commitments to both programme
and administrative resources should be maintained in the short
to medium term if the UKMMAS strategy is to be a success.
The cost is estimated as £37 million but
is likely to be higher once aerial surveys and the true costs
of field work and management are included.
There are many new demands and ongoing commitments
which should have regular sampling programmes. These include the
biological aspects of OSPAR, the need to map our sea floor, etc.
MAPC discussed the various demands on current spending in May
2006, MARG has worked with the IACMST and others to rationalise
the estimates. The total new resources need to fully comply with
marine monitoring requirements is an increase of £22 million
These monies could be distributed. The breakdown
includes, approximately: £8 million Mapping and understanding
the seafloor; £2 million Data co-ordination, stewardship
and integrated assessments; and £12 million Provision for
smaller increases in numerous other areas.
The immediate focus will be on identifying efficiency
savings. The examples we can use include the cost saved by combining
the requirements of the Water Directive Monitoring with existing
activitiesestimated £6 million saving per year.
Resolving the issues of data management is essential
for the success of the UKMMAS. This will be a vital contribution
towards the overall marine data stewardship initiatives on MDIP
|Monitoring and Assessment Component
(see Figure 1)
||Figures calculated from:|
||0.40||Proposal to Government from Marine Conservation Society (2005).
|Bathing Waters/Shellfish Hygiene||2.30
||2.50||England and Wales shellfish and bathing waters£1.7 million guess for shellfish hygiene.
||0.20||IACMST Report: Underwater Sound and Marine Life (2005).
||6.50||NMMP costs (UK wide) plus RID includes WFD requirements (EA bid to Defra).
||0.80||Defra research report (2005) includes some needs for plankton assessments.
|Physical Damage (Windfarms/Dredging)||0.80
||2.00||Estimate of increase in activitywind farmscould be cost-recovered from industryHydro morphology measurements for WFD may increase these costs.
||1.90||pers comm JNCC (2006).
||0.80||CPRSAHFOS running costs and current contributionincrease for gaps in our seas.
|General Health of Marine Mammals (including By-catch)
||Estimates SMRU (2006).|
||3.60||JNCC bid to Defra WHB 2006.
|Health of Benthos||0.10
|Permanent Stations/lines for Climate Change Studies
||MECN costsco-ordination and data collection ME sustains obs of Oceans 2025 plus coastal observatories(POL Liverpool and Scottish observatory
£1 million not currently funded as monitoring). Ships of Opportunity (Ferry Box).
|Temperature and Salinity (including ARGO)
||IACMST bid Guymer 2005 (3d structure hydro graphic sections and ARGO)(structure of ocean Argo 850k)(Hydro graphic sectionsmuch is rand used for some may be offset by NERC oceans 2025 proposal).
|CO2 budget and acidification||0.00
||1.30||Defra research proposal plus IACMST.
|Waves/Met Ocean and storm surges||3.50
||3.50||Met Office figures (not argo) plus POL GLOSS contribution and PSMSL (£0.5k)2d aspects drifting buoys and sea level.
||0.30||NCOF current and estimate needed to redesign and manage monitoringIACMST report.
|Satellite including GMES||3.00
||3.00||EU-UK contributionnot all for marine. Does not include AATSR(GMES-UK ESA Space contribution 7.23 million/three years plus 0.5/year for satellites outside GMES eg JASON AATSR).
|Seabed Mapping (Habitat Types, Geology and Bathymetry)
||UKHO/BGS/CEFAS business case (2006) could be spent over different profile. This exercise will cost approx £100 million to map the entire sea floor. NB: This cost could be spent over any number of years and sea floor areas prioritised to where there is active management needed.
|Productive seas evidence needs||?
||17.00||EU Data RegulationsDefra and SERRAD spend.
|Data, Assessment and Project Management and co-ordination
||MDIP (gateway), Charting Progress 2.|
Figures correct at September 2006. NB: Ariel Surveillance
is not included and Oceans 2025 is not reflected.