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Mr. Laws: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what his latest estimate is of the number of people in the UK who are eligible to claim non-domicile tax status; and if he will make a statement. 
Jane Kennedy: Information on how many individuals in the UK are eligible to claim non-domicile tax status is not available. However information is available on the numbers of individuals indicating non-domicile status on their self assessment (SA) returns. The last full year's data relates to 2004-05, in which there were 115,000 indicating non-domicile status. HMRC's live systems show the latest figure (as at August 2007) for 2005-06 is 114,000 individuals.
Mr. Hancock: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will introduce a fiscally-neutral scheme to (a) reward and (b) penalise manufacturers of motor vehicles according to vehicle (i) fuel efficiency and (ii) carbon dioxide emissions. 
Angela Eagle: The Government have reformed Vehicle Excise Duty to provide fiscal incentives to consumers to choose lower emissions vehicles by introducing CO2 emissions graduated rates for cars, a discount rate for early registered lower emissions vans and discount rates for reduced pollution buses and heavy good vehicles. Budget 2007 changes to Vehicle Excise Duty built on 2006 reforms, further sharpening the environmental signals to motorists to purchase more fuel-efficient vehicles and supporting development of the low-carbon market. The Government have also reformed Company Car Tax to provide further fiscal incentives for cleaner lower emissions choices.
In addition the UK will engage fully in negotiations on the European Commissions proposal to set vehicle manufacturers mandatory targets to reduce average CO2 emissions from new cars. The Chancellor keeps all taxation policy under review as part of the Budget process.
Mr. Meacher: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what percentage of total tax revenue came from (a) income tax, (b) indirect taxes, (c) business taxes, (d) capital taxes and (e) other taxes in each year since 1980. 
As National Statistician I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question asking what percentage of total tax revenue came from (a) income tax, (b) indirect taxes, (c) business taxes, (d) capital taxes and (e) other taxes in each year since 1980. (172983)
Detailed statistics about types of tax payable by UK residents to general government and the European Union for calendar years are published on a regular basis in table 11.1 of the annual ONS publication United Kingdom National Accounts (The Blue Book). The Blue Book was last published in June. However, the table was updated in the monthly Public Sector Finances First Release, on both calendar year and financial year bases, published on 20 July. Differences between the figures in the Blue Book and Public Sector Finances are a result of differing revisions policies for the National Accounts and the Public Sector Finances; the latter are the more up to date. The table is not a regular feature of the First Release, although most of the figures themselves are updated every month. The data in the table below are consistent with the dataset for the Public Sector Finances published on 20 November 2007.
In answering this question total tax revenue has been defined consistently with the Total taxes and social contributions series in table 11.1. Similarly, Indirect taxes have been defined as Taxes on products and imports, and business taxes as Production taxes
other than on products plus non-household Taxes on Income. The financial year has been used because the UK adopts this as its fiscal base.
|A. Household income taxes as a percentage of total taxes and social contributions payable by UK residents.|
B. Taxes on products and imports as a percentage of total taxes and social contributions payable by UK residents.
C. Production taxes other than on products plus non-household Taxes on Income as a percentage of total taxes and social contributions payable by UK residents.
D. Capital taxes as a percentage of total taxes and social contributions payable by UK residents.
E. Other taxes as a percentage of total taxes and social contributions payable by UK residents.
Jane Kennedy: HM Revenue and Customs do not produce estimates for the total tax gap. The most recent estimate of the indirect tax gap is given in Measuring Indirect Tax Losses2007, published by HMRC in October 2007 and is available in the House of Commons Library.
There are currently no reliable estimates for the direct tax gap. However, HMRC published a discussion paper on the methodologies for estimating elements of the direct tax gap in October 2007. Developing Methodologies for Measuring Direct Losses is also available in the House of Commons Library.
Mr. Philip Hammond: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what assumptions he made in estimating the revenue raised from modernisation of residence and domicile taxation in table B4, page 164 of the pre-Budget report, about (a) the number of non-domiciles who would pay the new £30,000 charge, (b) the gain from non-domiciles who choose to bring their tax affairs on-shore and (c) other factors, for (i) 2009-10 and (ii) 2010-11. 
Jane Kennedy: The assumptions underpinning the proposed tax charge on remittance basis users, and the resulting figures, are set out in the consultation document Paying a Fairer Share: a consultation on residence and Domicile which was published on 6 December.
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