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to file returns on time; and
to submit correct returns and pay the right amount of tax.
HMRC have made estimates of the level of indirect tax losses since 2001. The most recent estimates are available in Measuring Indirect Tax Losses 2007, published alongside pre-Budget report 2007. These cover VAT losses for 2001-02 to 2006-07, and excise losses from 2001-02 to 2005-06. HMRC also published Developing Methodologies for Measuring Direct Tax
Losses at this time. This includes estimates of direct tax losses for individuals subject to income tax self-assessment (2001-02 to 2002-03), small and medium-sized companies (2001-02 to 2003-04) and small and medium-sized employers (2003-04).
Angela Eagle: The following table sets out the number of taxpayers whose self assessment tax returns were subject to processing errors during the past five years. The table also details the percentage accuracy of self assessment tax bills during the same period.
|Taxpayers with errors||Accuracy of SA tax bills (percentage)|
Angela Eagle: Gambling products are subject to a range of different taxes. In some circumstances, bingo is subject to more than one ad valorem tax. Bingo in a licensed premises is subject to bingo duty at 15 per cent. on gross profits and most participation fees for such bingo are subject to VAT at the standard rate. All gambling industries are also subject to the usual taxes imposed on business. The average effective tax rate on bingo is not out of line with rates on other forms of gambling.
Mrs. Maria Miller: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) how much was (a) budgeted for and (b) spent on the childcare element of the working tax credit in each quarter of the last five years for which data are available; and if he will make a statement; 
(2) what the average level of award made to families of the childcare element of the working tax credit was in each quarter of the last five years for which data are available; and if he will make a statement. 
Table 2.4 of the HMRC publications Child and Working Tax Credits Statistics. Finalised Awards for 2003-04 and 2004-05 and 2005-06, provides information
on the estimated expenditure on the child care element, for 2003-04, 2004-05 and 2005-06. This is shown in the following table.
|Childcare element expenditure (£ million)||Av erage help with child care cost per week (£)|
Mrs. Maria Miller: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many families were (a) eligible for and (b) receiving the childcare element of the working tax credit in each quarter of the last five years for which data are available; and if he will make a statement. 
Alan Johnson: As I announced on 4 July, in the ministerial statement, Official Report, column 961, and as outlined in the interim report of the NHS Next Stage Review, published in October 2007, the Government are considering the case for a new national health service constitution to enshrine the principles and values of the NHS and increase local accountability to patients and the public. As part of this we are engaging extensively with patients, staff and the public.
12. Mr. Steen: To ask the Secretary of State for Health what estimate he has made of the number of trafficked women and children who were refused secondary healthcare in each of the last three years; and if he will make a statement. 
Dawn Primarolo: The information requested is not held centrally. However, we have always made clear that no one in need of immediately necessary treatment should ever be denied that treatment because of concerns about their immigration status.
Dawn Primarolo: We are working with the patient support organisation Infertility Network UK to help primary care trusts identify and share best practice in the provision of fertility services, and to establish standardised access criteria. To support this work, and develop tools to help primary care trusts improve their provision, we are establishing an expert group which will include commissioners.
Ann Keen: Over the last 10 years there has been steady growth in the number of midwives working in the national health service. The NHS now employs over 2,000 more midwives than in 1997, an increase of over nine per cent.
Ann Keen: The Government have one of the worlds most comprehensive programmes of patient experience surveys, including the national patient survey programme and Choice survey. This research tells us what people think about the care and treatment they have experienced, and is an essential part of improving services.
The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) regularly issues warnings about the potential risks involved and, although overseas websites fall outside UK jurisdiction, will take action against illegal sites hosted in the UK.
17. Steve Webb: To ask the Secretary of State for Health what assessment he has made of the impact on journey times to accident and emergency departments for South Gloucestershire residents of the proposed changes at Frenchay Hospital. 
Mr. Bradshaw: Decisions about the services are best taken locally. The Bristol changes have been supported by all of the local health trusts. Three separate assessments of journey times have been undertaken locally in the area, and these have been taken into account by the local health service in making its decision.
Dawn Primarolo: There were 48,389 new diagnoses of the five main sexually-transmitted infections in those aged 19 and under (the age band recorded by the Health Protection Agency) in genito-urinary medicine (GUM) in England in 2006. Reasons for this are complex but include behavioural and biological risk factors.
Tackling the prevalence of sexually-transmitted infections is a top priority. We are making excellent progress towards offering people an appointment at a GUM clinic within 48 hours, established the national chlamydia screening programme, and launched an innovative media campaign aimed at those at highest risk.
Mr. Ivan Lewis: The Commission for Social Care Inspection published its annual report on 30 January 2008; a copy has been placed in the Library. The report expressed concerns about the way in which local authorities were reducing care to older and disabled people who they had deemed not eligible for support. In my response to this report, which I set before Parliament in the written ministerial statement of 30 January 2008, Official Report, column 15WS, I requested the Commission to undertake a fundamental review of the content and application of eligibility criteria. The Commission have agreed to report back to me by the autumn of this year.
Mr. Bradshaw: Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) in the Thames Gateway area are responsible for developing strategies for the provision of health services for existing and new populations in the region. PCT revenue allocations include an adjustment to target allocations for designated Department for Communities and Local Government growth areas, including the Thames Gateway.
We are committed to improving access to NHS services. We have increased central funding by 11 per cent. for 2008-09, and are requiring the NHS, through the operating framework, to increase the number of patients able to access NHS dentistry year on year.
Ann Keen: The Clinical Knowledge Summaries website contains detailed information on the diagnosis and treatment of coeliac disease in a form suitable for both health professionals and patients. A copy is available at:
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