Gillian Merron: The DFID Southern Africa office and the British high commission in Pretoria hold regular discussions with the Government of South Africa on the issue of HIV and AIDS. In order to progress the UK's £30 million HIV and AIDS programme, DFID officials recently met with the South African Ministers for Health and Social Development and the vice chair of the South African National AIDS Council, which oversees the South African responses to AIDS.
Gillian Merron: South Africa has the highest burden of HIV and AIDS in the world. Over 5.5 million people are infected, and it is estimated that in 2007 over one sixth of the worlds population with HIV live in South Africa. Recent data from antenatal clinics suggest a modest decline in prevalence rates: in 2006, 29 per cent. of all pregnant women had HIV, down from 30 per cent. in 2005. However, the UNAIDS Global update states that there is no evidence of a decrease in HIV among young South Africans.
Over the past year there has been renewed optimism that South Africa is beginning to scale up efforts to tackle HIV and AIDS. On 3 May the South African Cabinet approved a new national strategic plan for AIDS, with interim targets that put South Africa on track to achieve universal access by 2011. The plan is overseen by a revitalised South African National AIDS Council which brings together all Government departments and 17 civil society sectors, including people living with HIV and AIDS, business, researchers, women, faith based organisations and traditional leaders. The UK provided technical assistance, through UNAIDS, to this revitalisation process.
DFID has also directly supported India (£28.5 million, 2002-10), Bangladesh (up to £50 million, 2005-10), and Iraq (about £21 million since 2003) to upgrade their energy sectors. We have recently committed £20 million to help Sierra Leone (2008-13).
We spent approximately £1.75 million during the last five years on energy research to help developing countries address energy sector challenges and have committed a further £3.75 million (2007-12) to look at the contribution bio-energy can make to poverty reduction in Africa. We are planning to develop an additional research programme to look at energy policy options for developing countries as they consider what action is needed to tackle climate change.
Mrs. James: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how much aid was provided to South Africa by the Government in each of the last five years, broken down by type of aid. 
|Table 1: UK total bilateral gross public expenditure (GPEX) on development to South Africa, 2002-03 to 2006-07
|DFID Technical co-operation
|DFID humanitarian assistance
|Other DFID bilateral aid
|Aid from other UK official sources
|Table 2: Imputed UK share of multilateral official development assistance (ODA) 2001-05
|South Africa ( £000 )
Helen Jones: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families what steps he is taking to ensure that teachers are trained to inform young people about the dangers of alcohol abuse. 
Jim Knight [holding answer 31 January 2008]: Alcohol education should be delivered (along with other drug education) through well planned personal, social, health and economic education (PSHE). We are committed to helping teachers and schools improve their planning and delivery of this important area and there is a Government-funded continuing professional development programme for PSHE, which all teachers of drug (including alcohol) education are encouraged to undertake. The programme, accredited by Roehampton university, is also open to community nurses and supports standards in the delivery of PSHE teaching. Over 6,000 teachers and nurses have been certificated or are participating in the programme.
Kevin Brennan [holding answer 17 January 2008]: This is a matter for Ofsted. HM Chief Inspector, Christine Gilbert, has written to the hon. Member and a copy of her reply has been placed in the Library.
Your recent parliamentary question has been passed to me, as Her Majesty's Chief Inspector, for reply.
Since Ofsted took over the inspection of children's homes from the Commission for Social Care Inspection (on 1 April 2007), we have inspected against the Every Child Matters outcomes. Within these outcomes we judge compliance with the National Minimum Standards for children's homes and associated regulations.
As of 1 January 2008, there were 1,995 registered children's homes. Of these, 1,738 have been inspected at least once by Ofsted since 1 April 2007 and their inspection report finalised and ready for publication by 1 January 2008.
Of those inspected, 170 of the 1,738 children's homes were judged as providing inadequate care. This represents 10% of the total number of children's homes inspected, based on their last inspection during this time period.
A copy of this reply has been sent to Beverley Hughes, Minister of State for Children, Young People and Families, and a copy will be placed in the library of both Houses.
Jim Knight [holding answer 31 January 200 8 ]: There is no prescribed curriculum or syllabus for initial teacher training, but to be awarded Qualified Teacher Status trainees must be able to demonstrate that they are aware of current legal requirements, national policies and guidance on the safeguarding and promotion of the well-being of children and young people.
The Government recently announced the first steps in their strategy to help people maintain healthy weight and live healthy lives and, as an important part of that, they are making food technology compulsory at key stage 3 for every 11 to 14-year-old from September 2011with food technology lessons, involving practical cooking lessons and classes on diet, nutrition, hygiene and healthy food shopping. Extra food technology teachers are to be recruited to lead in this and the initial teacher training that they receive, specifically to teach this subject, will contain detail on diet and nutrition, as it does now.
Mr. Gibb: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families what guidance his Department provides to schools on the use of teaching assistants to cover qualified teachers who are absent. 
Jim Knight: The Department for Children, Schools and Families is absolutely clear that support staff such as teaching assistants are not substitutes for qualified teachers. Provided certain conditions are met, however, support staff are permitted to carry out specified work, which includes delivering lessons to pupils. These conditions are set out in The Education (Specified Work and Registration) (England) Regulations 2003 and (Amended) Regulations 2007 and accompanying Guidance http://www.teachernet.gov.uk/_doc/11731/Time_for_Standards_2007.pdf and are: that the member of staff concerned carries out the work in order to assist or support the work of a qualified teacher in the school and is subject to the direction and supervision of a qualified teacher in accordance with arrangements made by the head teacher of the school; and that the head teacher is satisfied that the support staff member has the skills, expertise and experience required to carry out the work.
In determining whether the person has the skills, expertise and experience required to carry out specified work, the head teacher should have regard to the standards for higher-level teaching assistants that are published by the Department.
In addition, the Workforce Agreement Monitoring Group (WAMG), which includes the majority of school workforce associations and unions and employers, as well as the Department and Welsh Assembly Government, has published guidance on cover supervision.
During cover supervision, no active teaching takes place but pupils continue their learning by carrying out a pre-prepared exercise under supervision (usually by a member of support staff). The guidance makes clear that cover supervision is appropriate only for short-term absence and that the head teacher must be satisfied that the member of staff supervising the class has the necessary training and skills.
Guidance and support to schools on the use of support staff for providing cover, as well as more generally, is also available through a network of local authority-based workforce advisers funded by the Training and Development Agency for Schools. Any school wanting further advice on this issue is best advised to contact the local authority concerned.
Lynne Featherstone: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families (1) for what reasons the Youth Opportunity Card pilots were conducted on a timescale shorter than that outlined in his Department's Youth Matters: Next Steps, Something to do, Somewhere to go, Someone to talk to; and if he will make a statement; 
[holding answer 4 February 2008]: In February 2007 we took the decision not to proceed with the Youth Opportunity Card pilots and therefore no cards were issued. For details on the reasons for this
and the cost of the card project, I refer the hon. Member to the reply given on 21 November 2007, Official Report, column 945W, to the hon. Member for Fareham (Mr. Hoban).
Make available approximately 800 secondary school food technology teacher training places during the next three years.
Introduce new specialist food technology higher level teaching assistants to strengthen the school workforce capacity to teach cooking.
Provide training and support through our Licence to Cook programme to schools which do not currently teach food technology. Licence to Cook is a non-statutory cooking entitlement for 11 to 16-year-olds starting this September.
Make available £2.5 million a year from September 2011 towards the cost of ingredients for pupils entitled to free school meals. We will also explore with retailers and the food industry what they might do to help schools ensure that everyone has access to healthy basic ingredients.
Pilot innovative practical cookery rooms in BSF as it rolls out and disseminate exemplar designs to ensure that new schools include suitable 21st century spaces.
Carrying out over the coming months a survey of the 15 per cent. of secondary schools which do not currently offer food technology at key stage 3 in order to understand what additional support they will need to enable them to offer food technology.
Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families (1) what estimate he has made of the likely number of additional teachers needed to provide cookery lessons in schools for 11 to 14-year-olds over the next three years; 
Jim Knight: The Department has recently provided the Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) with targets for teacher training places in secondary subjects for the three year period 2008-09 to 2010-2011. We will make available approximately 800 secondary school food technology teacher training places in this period.