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Mr. Clifton-Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform pursuant to the answer of 15 January 2008, Official Report, column 1216W, on Regional Development Agencies: Planning, what powers regional development agencies will have with regard to income from section 106 planning obligations following the implementation of single integrated regional strategies. 
Planning obligations (under section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990) can be entered into by local planning authorities (LPAs) and those with an interest in the land (developers). Regional planning bodies do not currently have any powers to secure planning obligations and we are not proposing to give such powers to regional development agencies (RDAs).
Developer contributions raised through planning obligations are often passed by LPAs to infrastructure providers. RDAs can also fund infrastructure in certain circumstances, and could do so using monies raised through planning obligations where an LPA had passed the money on to them for that purpose.
Nick Harvey: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform if he will consider the merits of introducing pre-judging planning decisions for potential renewable energy sites. 
The Government's Planning White Paper underlined our intentions to work with local planning authorities and the industry to ensure that high quality renewable energy schemes are prepared following engagement with local communities. The new planning policies on climate change published recently by Communities and Local Government underline that planning authorities should not require applicants to demonstrate either the overall need for renewable energy, nor question the energy justification for why a proposal for renewable energy must be sited in a particular location.
Mr. Andrew Smith: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform what assessment his Department has made of the potential contribution to the national grid of electricity generated by tidal power over the next (a) five, (b) 10 and (c) 50 years. 
Malcolm Wicks [holding answer 5 February 2008]: There are various tidal power technologies which divide into two main types: tidal stream and tidal range (barrages and lagoons). The Sustainable Development Commissions report Tidal Power in the UK of October 2007, estimated that tidal power resource has the potential to provide 10 per cent. of the UKs electricity resource.
According to the SDC report, the top 10 tidal stream sites in the UK have a potential practical resource of 17.5 TWh/year. However, tidal stream technologies are at a very early stage of development and only a few commercial prototypes are in existence. Ernst and Young, in their study for the Renewables Obligation Consultation, www.berr.gov.uk/files/file39038.pdf suggested the maximum likely potential as 0.5 TWh in 2015 and 1.4 TWh in 2020.
For tidal range, the SDCs report estimates the total practical resource as around 18.8 TWh/year, of which the Severn estuary accounts for 17 TWh/year and the Mersey 1.4 TWh/year, though estimates of total theoretical resource vary from 50-94 TWh/year. There are currently no tidal range technologies deployed in the UK, even for testing, though there are a few tidal barrages operating around the world (e.g. La Rance in Northern France) and similar technology has been used for hydroelectric dams.
Mr. Watson: The 10-Point-Plan on Delivering a Diverse Civil Service outlines how we plan to increase the diversity of the civil service at all levels. Copies of this plan have been placed in the Libraries of the House.
This PSA gives a new priority to ensuring that care leavers, adults offenders, adults with mental health problems and adults with learning difficulties can participate fully in society and lead productive and stable lives. The effectiveness of the PSA will be monitored through annual public reporting by both central and local government.
Phil Hope: The delivery plan for the socially excluded adults public service agreement highlights the importance for learning disability and social care services to consider the needs of those with Autism Spectrum Disorder. This builds on existing Government policy for this group, as set out most recently by the Department of Health in the publication Better services for people with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder. We will also learn lessons from the MCCH Autism pilot project, which has a special focus on improving access to services for adults with Autism and Asperger's syndrome.
Phil Hope: Family intervention projects, such as the one in the hon. Members own constituency, are one of a number of effective interventions that work with socially excluded families. Evaluations of similar intensive family approaches are positive and demonstrate sustained positive change for seven out of 10 familieswith improvements in physical and mental health, greater housing stability, reduction in the likelihood of family breakdown, safer communities, and improved educational attainment.
Phil Hope: The Family Nurse Partnership is based on a US programme that has shown impressive impacts on a range of outcomes that contribute to social inclusion. These include safer home environments and improved maternal healthand, in the long-term, lower offending rates for children and increased workforce participation for parents.
FNP offers structured and intensive home visiting to disadvantaged first time mothers from early pregnancy until the child is two. Barnsley is one of the pioneering pilot sites. £30 million of additional funding has been announced to expand the programme to 90 sites by March 2010 and to undertake a rigorous evaluation of impacts.
13. Jim Dobbin: To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster what assessment he has made of the role of third sector organisations in campaigning for social change; and if he will make a statement. 
Edward Miliband: Third sector organisations play an essential role in campaigning for change in laws and attitudes. Whether it is large charities that have campaigned for change around issues from disability to child protection or small charities that wish to speak out on local issues, their work plays an important role in speaking up for those who would otherwise not have their voice properly heard.
Mr. Maude: To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster for what reason the number of communication and press staff listed in the Central Office of Information's White Book differs from those given in the Answer of 12 September 2007, Official Report, column 2056W, on departmental manpower. 
Phil Hope [holding answer 5 February 2008]: The Cabinet Office publication List of Ministerial Responsibilities sets out ministerial responsibilities by Departments. Copies of the current List of Ministerial Responsibilities and previous editions are available for reference in the Libraries of the House.
Greg Mulholland: To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster what work the Social Exclusion Taskforce has carried out into tackling social exclusion among older people; and what further work it has planned on this issue. 
Phil Hope [holding answer 5 February 2008]: The Social Exclusion Task Force (SETF) is currently funding a research project to analyse social exclusion amongst all age groups, including looking at the factors influencing social exclusion among older people. The remainder of the SETFs forward work programme is focused on families and working age adults.
The former Social Exclusion Unit published a report entitled A Sure Start to Later Life: Ending Inequalities for Older People in January 2006. This set out 30 cross-government actions to tackle social exclusion among older people. Additionally, DWPs Later Life PSA sets targets to tackle poverty and promote greater independence and well-being among older people.
The Respect Task Force was set up in September 2005 to oversee the delivery of the Respect Programme. Most of the commitments in the Governments Respect Action Plan have been met or are in train and have been mainstreamed into programmes across Government and in local service delivery. This has enabled the work of the Respect Task Force to develop its remit to include, alongside tackling antisocial behaviour, a focus on delivering positive outcomes for young peopleincluding steps to prevent them getting into trouble and encouraging them to have respect for their community. To reflect this change, on 5 October 2007 the Government announced the creation of Youth Taskforce and this includes the former Respect Taskforce.
The Youth Taskforce will build on the success of the Respect programme and will continue to support the local delivery of Government policy on antisocial behaviour, as well as positive outcomes for young people.
Civil servants who worked in the Respect Task Force either remain working within the Department of Children, Schools and Families as part of the Youth Taskforce or are on secondment to other Government Departments.
Mr. Hoban: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many individuals have received (a) one, (b) two, (c) three and (d) more than three anti-social behaviour orders since they were established. 
Jenny Willott: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what the average length of time has been for a decision to be made on asylum cases under the Legacy Casework programme whose questionnaires have been completed and returned; and if she will make a statement. 
Mr. Clappison: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many grants of discretionary leave to remain in the UK in cases where return would breach Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights have been made in (a) asylum cases and (b) non-asylum cases in each year since the inception of discretionary leave. 
Mr. Byrne [holding answer 17 January 2008]: Grants of discretionary leave (DL) to persons who have claimed asylum are recorded on individual files. Information is collated on the total number of grants of DL and the number of grants of DL made at initial decision on applications by unaccompanied asylum-seeking children aged 17 and under at the time of decision. Information is not collated about the reason for granting DL. Information about grants of DL for the purpose of article 8 of ECHR can be obtained by examination of individual records only at disproportionate cost.
Grants of non-asylum discretionary leave (DL) are included within the overall totals of grants of leave to remain (Command Paper Control of Immigration: Statistics United Kingdom 2006 (table 4.1 pages 54-59 refer) but are not identified separately within the tables. This publication may be obtained from the Library of the House and from the Home Office Research, Development and Statistics website at:
Mr. Andrew Smith: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department in how many cases where asylum seekers have been pursued for failing to report to a reporting centre there have been administrative errors in notification of the appropriate centre, in the latest period for which figures are available. 
Mr. Clappison: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department pursuant to the reply of 16 January 2008, Official Report, column 1297W, on asylum, which countries are included in the category Europe other in the breakdown by nationality of the grant of indefinite leave to remain under the 2003 family ILR exercise; and if she will break down by nationality the number in the (a) Europe other and (b) EU accession states categories. 
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