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20 Feb 2008 : Column 781W—continued

Offenders: Deportation

Mr. Hague: To ask the Secretary of State for Justice (1) if he will make a statement on plans to repatriate Libyan prisoners detained in prisons in this country; what estimate he has made of how many prisoners will be affected; and what decisions have been made on the status of Mohammed Al Megrahi; [186707]

(2) if he will place in the Library a copy of the prisoner transfer agreement between the UK and Libya. [186708]

Mr. Straw: On 28 May 2007, the then Prime Minister signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Libyan Prime Minister which stated that negotiations would take place on four agreements in the field of judicial co-operation. These agreements were: Extradition, Mutual Legal Assistance, Civil and Commercial Law, and Prisoner Transfer.

The prisoner transfer agreement, which has not yet been finalised, will provide for British nationals imprisoned in Libya, and Libyan nationals imprisoned in the United Kingdom, to serve their sentences in their own country. Transfer will only take place if both Governments give their consent in respect of each individual applicant prisoner. At 31 December 2007, 16 Libyan nationals were imprisoned in England and Wales. On the same date no British nationals were detained in prison in Libya.

Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi is serving a life sentence in Scotland for his part in the bombing of Pan American Flight 103 on 21 December 1988. As a prisoner detained in Scotland the decision on whether or not he can be
20 Feb 2008 : Column 782W
transferred from Scotland to a prison in Libya would be a matter for Scottish Ministers. The Government have not entered into any arrangement for the transfer of Mr. al-Megrahi to Libya.

In accordance with the Ponsonby Rules a copy of the Prisoner Transfer Agreement between the UK and Libya will be laid before Parliament once it has been signed.

Offenders: Rehabilitation

Mr. Ronnie Campbell: To ask the Secretary of State for Justice (1) how many offending behaviour programmes were undertaken in prisons in England and Wales in the period 1997 to 2007; and what measures were used to judge their effectiveness; [186330]

(2) how many offending behaviour programmes in prisons in England and Wales over the period 1997 to 2007 were subject to randomised controlled trials to assess their effectiveness; [186331]

(3) how many prisoners in England and Wales participated in offending behaviour programmes during the period 1997 to 2007; [186332]

(4) what the cost of offending behaviour programmes in prisons in England and Wales was in each year from 1997 to 2007. [186333]

Maria Eagle: In 1997 the Prison Service offered a range of six accredited offending behaviour programmes, and by 2007 the repertoire of accredited offending behaviour programmes had increased to 15.

Various measures have been used in the evaluation of the effectiveness of offending behaviour programmes in England and Wales. Predominantly quasi-experimental and non-experimental research designs have been used, many examining the reconviction rates of those who have completed programmes compared to those who have not. Other measures used to judge effectiveness include pre to post-examines treatment psychometric data which short term treatment impact, as well as gathering audit and qualitative information on programme participants and the delivery of programmes.

During this period, one randomised control trial has been conducted on the effectiveness of offending behaviour programmes. The Treatment Change Project (TCP) is an evaluation of HM Prison Service accredited Enhanced Thinking Skills (ETS) programme which aims to examine the impact of ETS courses on impulsivity in adult male offenders over the age of 18, and to investigate whether changes in levels of impulsivity were reflected in changes in prison behaviour.

The TCP was conducted as a randomised control trial (RCT), and as such is the first large-scale RCT evaluating the impact of ETS in prisons.

The draft report is at the peer review stage, with publication scheduled for April 2008.

From 1 April 1997 to 31 March 2007 the number of accredited offending behaviour programmes completed by prisoners was 65,233. Some prisoners will have completed more than one programme.


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The funding for the delivery of accredited offending behaviour programmes is part of establishment baselines, therefore it is not possible to accurately disaggregate the cost of this work. The Prison Service is currently working on developing a costing process to provide more accurate costs for regime activities and interventions.


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Additional funding was provided by the Government to expand the delivery of accredited offending behaviour programmes as shown in the following table:

£ million
1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04

Comprehensive Spending Review

7.3

8.4

8.9

8.9

8.9

Crime Reduction Programme

0.7

1.1

1.5

Spending Review 2000

3.6

11.6


Based on an estimated average cost per programme completion and the number of completions in 2006-07, we estimate that the cost of delivering accredited offending behaviour programmes in 2006-07 to be approximately £25 million.

Prisons: Community Engagement Implementation Guide

Philip Davies: To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what the cost to HM Prison Service was of producing (a) the Community Engagement Implementation Guide and (b) community engagement events held in the last 12 months; and if he will place a copy of the Guide in the Library. [186208]

Maria Eagle: The Community Engagement Implementation Guide was produced by a member of the Race Equality Action Group (REAG): the senior executive officer (whose annual salary was about £35,000) spent approximately 10 per cent. of her time developing the document, which formed part of the revised Prison Service Race Equality Order (PSO 2800). The order is available on the Prison Service website and in the parliamentary Library. A copy of the Implementation Guide has been placed in the Library.

At a national level the Prison Service spent £5,000 on undertaking and publicising community engagement events in the last 12 months. Local community engagement events are held in prisons across the estate and details are not held centrally, so it is not possible to give a figure for the cost of such events.

Prisons: Race Equality Action Team Training

Philip Davies: To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many people are employed in HM Prison Service’s race equality action group; and what the cost of the group is in 2007-08. [186207]

Maria Eagle: 24 members of staff are employed in HM Prison Service’s Race Equality Action Group (REAG). The group’s annual budget (including pay and non-pay) for 2007-08 is £1.475 million.

Prisons: Traveller Day

Philip Davies: To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many prisons have held a Traveller Day in the last three years; and what the cost was of such events. [186262]

Maria Eagle: Traveller Days are local initiatives held by prisons: they are dependent on establishments having recognised groups of prisoners from Traveller background. The Prison Service considers it best practice for establishment to hold such events.

Information is not held centrally on events such as Traveller Days held in prisons. To collect the information requested would require contacting all 125 public sector prisons in England and Wales individually and for each establishment to conduct a manual check of their local records. It is not therefore possible to provide figures for the number of such events in the last three years or their costs.

Home Department

Anabolic Steroids: Misuse

Mr. Don Foster: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether her Department keeps records of the number of young men who have taken anabolic steroids for non-medical reasons in each year since 1997. [186317]

Mr. McNulty: The British Crime Survey (BCS) collects information on the illicit use of anabolic steroids. As the following table shows, the proportion of young people aged 16 to 24 years using anabolic steroids not prescribed by a doctor has remained at less than 0.5 per cent. since such questions were included in the survey in 1996.

Due to the small number of anabolic steroid users in the BCS sample it is not possible to provide a separate breakdown for men and women.

Proportion of 16 to 24-year-olds reporting use of anabolic steroids in the last year, 1996 to 2006-07
Anabolic steroids Unweighted base

1996

0.5

1,412

1998

0.5

1,233

2000

0.1

1,455

2001-02

0.2

3,984

2002-03

0.1

4,209

2003-04

0.4

5,327

2004-05

0.4

6,182

2005-06

0.3

5,876

2006-07

0.2

5,687


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Antisocial Behaviour Orders

Tim Loughton: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) how many antisocial behaviour orders were issued to children in each of the last five years, broken down by (a) sex and (b) age; [186769]

(2) how many antisocial behaviour orders issued to children were breached in each of the last five years; [186770]

(3) how many children were sent to prison as a result of breaking an antisocial behaviour order in each of the last five years; [186771]

(4) how many children have been subject to more than one antisocial behaviour order in each of the last five years. [186772]

Mr. Coaker: Data showing the number of antisocial behaviour orders (ASBOs) issued to juveniles aged 10 to 17, by gender, can be found in the following table. Of the total number of ASBOs issued to juveniles aged 10 to 17 since inception, 2,293 were proven to have been breached at least once by the end of 2005. Such data, further broken down by year, are not available. The data held by the Department do not identify whether multiple ASBOs have been issued to the same person.

Data on the type of sentence received for breach of an ASBO will be published later this year.

Number of Antisocial Behaviour Orders issued to persons aged ID-17 at all courts, as reported to the Home Office by the Court Service, by sex, in England and Wales, 2001-05
England and Wales
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

Males

187

237

573

1,195

1,424

Females

6

13

52

125

134

All aged 10 to 17

193

250

625

1,320

1,558

Note: Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Asylum

David Davis: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department pursuant to the answer of 17 December 2007, Official Report, column 951W, how many of the 72,550 asylum seekers removed from the UK have subsequently reapplied for asylum in the UK. [180110]

Jacqui Smith [holding answer 21 January 2008]: The requested information is not collated centrally and could be obtained only at a disproportionate cost through the examination of individual cases.

Asylum and Immigration Act 1996

David Davis: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what the cost was of enforcing section 8 of the Asylum and Immigration Act 1996 in each year since 1997. [185086]


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Jacqui Smith: Operational activity within local enforcement offices includes staff resources involved in illegal working operations. The cost of enforcing section 8 of the Asylum and Immigration Act 1996 (illegal working), is not separately identifiable from the overall budgets allocated to local enforcement offices.

Asylum: Social Security Benefits

David Davis: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many failed asylum seekers had their benefits withdrawn under section 9 of the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004 in each year since it came into force. [185087]

Jacqui Smith: The use of section 9 was introduced by way of a pilot scheme which ran from December 2004 to December 2005. During this time asylum support was withdrawn from 26 families. Six of these families are on support again, having become eligible during 2007.


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