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Dr. Fox: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which countries provided the requirement for NATOs Operational Reserve Force in each year since 2001; and which countries will provide the requirement until 2010. 
For the Balkans, the reserve was called the Over the Horizon Force until mid-2002 with the UK, France, Germany, Italy and the US all contributing battalions. Since mid-2002, the Operational Reserve Force has comprised three battalions provided by the UK, Germany and Italy.
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There were also 616 other reservists undergoing pre-deployment training, receiving medical treatment,
or on post operational leave, and in addition 41 sponsored reserves involved in operations but who are not necessarily permanently based in an operational theatre.
Dr. Fox: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which units forms the Spearhead Land Element (SLE); whether it is fully equipped; whether the SLE is deployed; and when the future SLE will take over. 
Mr. Bob Ainsworth: The Second Battalion The Royal Gurkha Regiment forms the Spearhead Land Element (SLE), which is not currently deployed. The SLE is currently fully equipped in accordance with the joint rapid reaction force directive and operational mounting instructions. The next SLE will be provided by the Second Battalion The Rifles, who will assume this role from 30 March 2008.
Ben Chapman: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (1) on what basis the decision not to initially migrate existing cases onto the new child support system was made; and if he will make a statement; 
To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions pursuant to the letter of 28 January 2008 from the Minister of State for Pensions to the hon. Member for Northavon, if he will place in the Library a copy of the departmental leaflets issued after 2001
which stated that people would be advised about delivery notices by letter. 
Mr. Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what Government assistance is provided for prisoners to secure work on release from prison; and what changes in types of support have been made since 1992. 
Employment and Benefit SurgeriesIn prison-based Employment and Benefit Surgeries, Jobcentre Plus advisers work in co-operation with the Prison Service and other agency staff to address the key employment and benefit needs of prison inmates during both the entry and pre-release stages of their period in custody.
New DealOffenders are entitled to early entry, from day one of their claim, to the new deals, including the New Deal for Young People, which applies to 18 to 24-year-olds, thereby giving them access to help with finding a job and dealing with their barriers to employment.
FreshstartFreshstart involves pre-arranging a new jobseeker interview to claim benefit (jobseekers allowance) at the prisoner's home Jobcentre Plus office, on release. As well as speeding up the process for receiving benefit, the individual is exposed at the earliest opportunity to jobs and the prospect of engaging with mainstream provision, to which, in most cases, they will have early entry status. Last year 35,000 interviews were booked
Rapid Reclaim ProcessJobcentre Plus also operate a Rapid Reclaim Process for jobseekers allowance, income support and incapacity benefit (employment support allowance also when introduced). This service is available if a short-term prisoner reclaims within 13 weeks of their last claim and circumstances have not changed. There are simpler and shorter forms and the processing of the benefit is easier.
Progress2work and progress2workLinkUPSpecial programmes aimed at helping clients with drug misuse, the homeless, ex-offenders, and alcohol misusers deal with the particular barriers to work that they face. Both programmes are run by specialist providers who have established expertise in dealing with the issues faced by these client groups. Progress2work is a national programme; progress2workLinkUP is in almost half of Jobcentre Plus districts.
Exit to WorkExit to Work is an action-research project trailing a new way of engaging employers and moving ex-offenders into work. The project is being managed by Working Ventures UK in collaboration with DWP, Jobcentre Plus, the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills and the Ministry of
Justice. Exit to Work takes a two-pronged approach to tackling employment and skills-related issues for offenders:
a network of seven Job Developers (across Birmingham, London, Manchester, Merseyside, Teesside, and South Yorkshire) whose role is to be a single point of contact for the employer, to help them understand the benefits of recruiting ex-offenders and how to mitigate the risks and to orchestrate the range of support available to provide the employer with a seamless package; and
Young offenders in custody have access to employment and benefit surgery advisers and can get employment and training advice as well as Freshstart appointments upon release to claim jobseekers allowance.
At age 18 offenders released from custody and community sentenced offenders have early entry to New Deal and access to specialist help via progress2work and Progress2work Link Up. Advisers regularly review activity and job search efforts and on a longer term basis, customers have to undertake mandatory activities such as New Deal for Young People. New Deal for young People has now been in operation for over 10 years and has helped thousands of young offenders to enter work and training.
Danny Alexander: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions pursuant to his Departments publication, Ready for Work, what forecast he has made of the likely number of lone parents claiming income support in each quarter to 2011, broken down by (a) region, (b) ethnicity and (c) family size; and what assessment he has made of the effect on these numbers on changes in his Departments spending on (i) benefits and (ii) benefit administration. 
Mr. Timms: The full information requested is not available. The Impact Assessment published alongside the publication Ready for Work presented our current estimates of the impact of the proposals on benefit case loads and costs.
Figures are rounded to the nearest 10.
DWP Information Directorate: Work and Pensions Longitudinal Study.
Steve Webb: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (1) if he will estimate the number of people who were not sent a letter from his Department in 2004-05 in connection with the deficiency notices exercise who would have been sent such a letter but for the fact that the then Inland Revenue had ceased sending them deficiency notices prior to 1996-97; and if he will make a statement; 
(2) pursuant to the answer of 10 January 2008, Official Report, column 724W, on pensions, how the target group of 632,000 was defined; and which categories of pensioners in the target group were not sent letters. 
Mr. Mike O'Brien [holding answer s 22 November 2007 and 25 January 2008]: In total, we estimate that around one million people(1) who reached state pension age between 6 April 1998 and 23 October 2004:
(a) were not entitled to a full basic pension on their own contributions; and
(b) had a deficient contribution record in one or more of the years 1996-97 to 2001-02.
Of these, 632,000 who were resident in the UK satisfied the conditions for receiving a deficiency notice. In addition, a further 40,000 pensioners who were resident overseas satisfied the conditions. This group, including those overseas, was defined as the target group.
(i) people already receiving a full basic pension derived wholly or in part from their former spouses contributions; and
(ii) married women already receiving a pension derived wholly or in part from their husbands contributions who could not improve their ongoing overall pension entitlements by paying additional contributions.
Pursuant to my written answers of 1 October 2007, Official Report, column 2376W, and 10 January 2008, Official Report, column 724W, the figure of 470,000 referred to in these answers related to the total number of pensioners contacted regarding deficiencies in their
contribution records and included around 55,000 who had already paid contributions. The figure of 414,427 pensioners automatically contacted by the Pension Service during the period September 2004 to September 2005 quoted at page 197 of the Departments Resource Accounts for 2006-07 relates to the number of pensioners who were informed of deficiencies in their contribution records in that period. No further deficiency notice letters were automatically issued by the Pension Service after the end of September 2005.
Pursuant to my written answer of 1 October 2007, Official Report, column 2376W, the response rate of 62 per cent. quoted was incorrect. It was calculated by reference to a total figure of 470,000 letters issued and the 290,000 customers contacts referred to in the answer. However, it has subsequently become apparent that the figure of 290,000 comprises contacts from individuals who had received an automatic deficiency notice and those who had not. It is not possible to disaggregate the figure of 290,000 to separately identify contacts by people who had received an automatic deficiency notice. Similarly, it is not possible to disaggregate the figure of 69,249 individuals who have made additional contributions. Therefore the figure of 24 per cent. relating to the proportion of respondents who made additional contributions is also incorrect.
(1) Source: Lifetime Labour Market Database 2, 2003-04.
(2) Figure rounded to the nearest 50,000.
Due to IT changes which need to be made as a result of the Pensions Act 2007, the Pension Service is temporarily unable to provide an individual pension forecast to customers who reach state pension age on or after 6 April 2010.
To help them plan for retirement, the Pension Service is able to offer these customers personalised information on potential state pension entitlement, based on the pension qualifying years they have from their national insurance record. Around 125,000 customers have benefited from this service. The Pension Service expects full forecasting services will be available in spring 2008.
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