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Mr. Hurd: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families (1) what publicly funded sources of information are available to head teachers who want to (a) reduce the carbon footprint of their school and (b) promote environmentally friendly behaviour within their school and community; 
(5) what plans he has to increase the amount of (a) information and (b) funding for head teachers who wish to (i) reduce the carbon footprint of their school and (ii) promote environmentally friendly behaviour in the school and community. 
Jim Knight: The National Framework for Sustainable Schools provides an overarching structure for schools to consider the impact of their curriculum, their campus and their place in the community on the environment and on sustainable development more widely. It supports schools to develop the knowledge, skills and behaviours that young people will need to ensure their futures in a sustainable world.
The Department has funded the production of the following resources to support head teachers and other school stakeholders in reducing the carbon footprint of their schools and to promote environmentally friendly behaviour within schools and communities:
A Sustainable Schools website which is hosted on www.teachernet.gov.uk and provides links to sources of information and support from a range of public and third sector bodies.
A self-evaluation tool (s3) has been designed to help schools evaluate their current efforts to create a sustainable school and to inform their next steps.
Guidance for governors (including a training package) to help them understand the benefits of sustainable schools, and provide the leadership necessary to position sustainability at the heart of school life.
Guidance for bursarsa short handbook addressing energy, water, waste, travel and procurement issues in schools.
Guidance for teacherscurriculum resources and information about professional development.
Top tips guidance on the following doorways in the sustainable schools national framework: energy and water, sustainable travel, and waste.
The Carbon Detectives Kit for children and young people to help them measure their schools carbon footprint and set targets to reduce it.
The National College for School Leadership (NCSL) are currently developing a resource for school leaders which will provide practical tips for developing sustainability.
In addition to the advice and materials already available to support the National Framework for Sustainable Schools, we will shortly publish new guidance called "Planning a Sustainable School" which will enable schools to develop strategic plans to drive school improvement through Sustainable development. The guidance will be available in March 2008.
The Department has no plans to list the sources of public funding available to head teachers for investment in energy efficiency, deployment of renewable energy or the reduction of a schools carbon footprint. This service is already available from government agencies and other organisations, which provide information on funding available for these measures nationally and regionally, and which list both public and private sources of funding.
Under the New Relationship with Schools we are committed to high levels of delegated budget and fewer specific funding streamsso we are not inventing another pot of funding that schools would have to account for separately. A Sustainable school works smarter with its existing budget. A Bursars guide to Sustainable school operation outlines measures that can be taken to reduce a schools environmental impact and make real cash savings while enhancing the teaching and learning element of Sustainable working practices within the school.
Dr. Starkey: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families what proportion of children in care, who are starting secondary school in September 2008 have been offered a place at their first preference school. 
The Department is collecting secondary school preference data from local authorities for the first time this year, which will include the number of families obtaining an offer at their first, second, third or lower preference school in each authority area. However, the data provided will not identify individual or specific groups of children. The data were published on 11 March 2008 on the DCSF Research Gateway:
Mr. Evans: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families (1) how many children did not gain a place at their first choice of secondary school in (a) Ribble Valley constituency and (b) Lancashire in each of the last five years; 
Jim Knight: This is the first year that local authorities have been required to provide data to the Secretary of State on secondary school offers of made to parents on national offer day. This data was published on the DCSF research gateway (www.dcsf.gov.uk/rsgateway) on 11 March at local authority, regional and national levels. Data has not been collected at constituency level. Figures for Lancashire show that 13 per cent. (1,748) of children did not obtain a place at their first choice of secondary school. We do not collect data relating to primary school offers.
Jim Knight: We have no powers to regulate such companies. In relation to accredited qualifications in England, the awarding bodies are responsible for putting in place procedures to ensure the authenticity of candidates' coursework. The Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ) develops guidance on behalf of the awarding bodies for dealing with instances of suspected malpractice.
It places a responsibility on staff in schools and colleges who must sign a written declaration that students' coursework is authentic. Students must also sign a declaration that the coursework they submit is their own work. The guidance is reviewed annually in light of experience.
Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families what research his Department has commissioned since 1997 on the returns to (a) individuals and (b) the economy from vocational education; and if he will make a statement. 
The Department has commissioned a number of research projects examining the returns to individuals and the economy from vocational education since 1997. Reports in the departmental research series are as follows:
Ref: DCSF-CEE-02-07 Returns to Qualifications in England: Updating the Evidence Base on Level 2 and Level 3 Vocational Qualifications, Jenkins et al (2007)
Ref: RB834Apprenticeships and Other Vocational Qualifications: A Cost-Benefit Analysis, Macintosh (2007)
Ref: RB370Further Analysis of the Returns to Academic and Vocational Qualifications, Macintosh et al (2002)
Ref: 2001074Literature Review on Rates of Return to Higher Education, London School of Economics (2002)
Ref: 2002023Labour Market Returns to Graduates from Less Advantaged Backgrounds in the Context of Expansion: A Review of the Literature, London School of Economics (2002)
Ref: 2002041The returns arising from learning undertaken as adults, Department for Education and Employment (2002)
Ref: RB313Returns to Education: Evidence from the Labour Force Survey, Walker and Zhu (2001)
Ref: RR254The Returns to Education: A Review of Evidence, Issues and Deficiencies in the Literature, Harmon and Walker (2001)
Ref: RR192The Returns to Academic Vocational and Basic Skills in Britain, Dearden et al (2000)
Ref: 28199Returns to Education - evidence using a sample of UK twins, Institute of Education (2000)
Ref: 15696Returns to Higher Education Qualifications, Institute of Fiscal Studies (1998)
Ref: 16398Returns to Education and Training - a Review of Evidence, Institute of Fiscal Studies (1998)
In addition, the Department co-funds the Centre for the Economics of Education. This research centre has also carried out a lot of research on the returns to the economy and individuals from vocational education and training. Their publications can be found on their website at: http://cee.lse.ac.uk
The Department will continue to monitor the returns to education and training, both through commissioned research and through internal analysis of data. It is vital that we gain as full an understanding as possible of the returns to training and qualifications. This will enable us to make sure that the qualifications we deliver in future provide economically valuable skills for individuals, employers and the economy as a whole, and help us to achieve the ambitions for a high-skilled work force set out in the Leitch report on skills.
Joan Ryan: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families if he will include issues relating to crime among young people, including anti-social behaviour and knife crime, in the national curriculum. 
Jim Knight: The revised curriculum for Citizenship in secondary schools provides opportunities to explore the issue of crime, antisocial behaviour and carrying weapons through an examination of the concepts of democracy and justice, weighing up what is fair and unfair in different situations, understanding that justice is fundamental to a democratic society and exploring the role of law in maintaining order and resolving conflict. Through the concept of rights and responsibilities pupils can explore legal and moral rights and the responsibilities that go with these.
In addition, the framework for Personal, Social, Health and Economic education (PSHE) provides opportunities for pupils to be taught to recognise and manage risk to help them make safer choices and to recognise when pressure from others threatens their personal safety. Pupils learn about developing relationships, recognising their rights and responsibilities and that their actions have consequences. As PSHE is non- statutory, the implementation of the subject is decided by schools on an individual basis.