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18 Mar 2008 : Column 941W—continued

Vladimir Ismaili

Mr. Steen: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department pursuant to the answer of 18 February 2008 on Vladimir Ismaili, what steps have
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been taken to discover the whereabouts of Vladimir Ismaili; whether enquiries have been made of the Albanian government on whether he has returned to that country; whether he will be deported if he is discovered in the UK; and if she will make a statement. [188543]

Mr. Coaker [holding answer 26 February 2008]: We continue to make every effort to ensure Mr. Ismaili serves the sentence imposed on him by Manchester Crown court. However, the details of the work undertaken in this matter are operationally sensitive.

Consideration for deportation will commence once he is in custody beginning 12 to18 months prior to the completion of his sentence in line with the current policy on deportation of foreign national prisoners.

Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Air Pollution: West Midlands

Mr. Jenkins: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what air quality management areas there are in the West Midlands, broken down by (a) year of designation and (b) local authority; and where they are. [193606]

Jonathan Shaw: A list of local authorities in the West Midlands with air quality management areas, and their date of designation, is provided in the following table. Some air quality management areas cover specific areas where air quality objectives in the Air Quality (England) Regulations 2000 are being, or are likely to be, exceeded, although local authorities often choose to designate their entire area as an air quality management area. Details on individual air quality management areas are available on local authority websites, which can be accessed through the UK Air Quality Archive at:

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Authority Date of effect

Birmingham City Council

10 January 2003

Bridgnorth DC

1 April 2005

Bromsgrove DC

21 July 2001

Cannock Chase Council

28 July 2006

Coventry City Council

1 August 2003

31 August 2004

Dudley MBC

10 March 2003

18 April 2005

6 December 2007

East Staffordshire BC

26 February 2007

Herefordshire Council

23 November 2001

1 March 2006

North Warwickshire BC

1 March 2001

Oswestry BC

1 June 2003

Rugby Borough Council

16 December 2004

Sandwell MBC

26 July 2005

Shrewsbury and Atcham BC

1 May 2003

1 March 2006

South Staffordshire DC

1 March 2006

Stoke-on-Trent CC

23 November 2001

15 August 2002

4 April 2006

Walsall MBC

1 April 2006

Warwick District Council

20 December 2004

Wolverhampton CC

22 March 2005

Wychavon DC

1 September 2007

Wyre Forest DC

6 January 2003

Alcoholic Drinks: Imports

Mr. Ellwood: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what restrictions there are on the importation from the EU of lower alcohol wine where the alcohol content has been reduced using new technologies. [193970]

Jonathan Shaw [holding 13 March answer 2008]: Wine produced and marketed in the EU must comply with the requirements set out under the Common Market Organisation (CMO) for Wine (Council Regulation (EEC) 1493/99).

Currently, the use of spinning cone and reverse osmosis technology to reduce the alcohol content of EU wine is not permitted under the CMO. However, we understand that this technology is being trialled on an experimental basis in a number of member states.

Wine imported into the EU is subject to the same rules and standards as wine produced in the EU. However, the EU has agreed bilateral trade agreements with a number of member states. These provide for the mutual recognition of approved wine-making practices in the countries concerned, including the use of alcohol-lowering technologies, such as spinning cone and reverse osmosis.


Sandra Gidley: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) what measurements he plans to use to assess the effectiveness of steps to improve the UK recreational bass fishery; [194335]

(2) if he will estimate the potential value of the UK's recreational sea angling sector to the economy if management policies for recreational sea fisheries were directed towards optimising participation levels; and if he will assess the likely impact of such a policy on the creation of business opportunities. [194336]

Jonathan Shaw: Where the measures I have announced, to provide benefits for recreational bass fishing and for recreational sea angling in general, result in detailed proposals for legislation, a consultation accompanied by an impact assessment would need to be carried out. The impact assessment would include an assessment of the costs and benefits of any proposals in relation to individual anglers and to businesses dependent on angling. The Drew report, funded by DEFRA, into the economic impact of recreational sea angling in England and Wales provides some baseline data against which any improvements could be measured.

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Angling: Licensing

Martin Salter: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs whether he plans to proceed with the introduction of a sea angling licence; and if he will make a statement. [194586]

Jonathan Shaw: I met sea angling representatives at the Angling summit on 18 February where a number of concerns were raised with me regarding the introduction of a chargeable licence for sea angling. I have also discussed the issue direct with anglers around the coast, as have my officials. In view of the concerns expressed, including the extent to which sea anglers expected to see benefits from the charge, I have decided not to proceed with enabling powers in the Marine Bill to introduce a sea angling licence.

I will, none the less, continue with a package of other measures that aim to provide benefits for anglers, including a review of nursery areas for the protection of bass stocks and of inshore netting, and a pilot study on area-based restrictions to support sea angling. I have also recently announced measures to increase protection of tope, a key species for anglers.

I will reconsider the arguments for introducing a recreational sea angling licence at some stage in the future in the light of progress on the aforementioned measures.

Bluetongue Disease: Disease Control

Mr. Paice: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what consideration he has given to permitting the use of cypermethrin for spray use only to protect sheep from midges which may transmit bluetongue disease. [192005]

Jonathan Shaw: DEFRA has published “Bluetongue - Guide on the disease vector and potential mitigation measures” which emphasises that no single measure will prevent midges biting animals.

However, a combination of measures will sequentially reduce the risk of biting and reduce the risk of animals becoming infected with bluetongue. These measures may include the removal of midge breeding sites, insecticide use and considering the geographical location of animals on the farm, for instance, moving animals to areas of low midge activity at certain times.

No insecticides are authorised specifically for use against ‘Culicoides’, the midge species which spreads bluetongue virus. Synthetic pyrethroids such as Deltamethrin and Cypermethrin have performed best in tests. However, they do not entirely remove the risk of an animal contracting bluetongue in their short period of protection (one to two days at best).

Such insecticides are also very toxic to insect life in rivers and streams. Therefore, livestock keepers should also be aware of the environmental effects of using these products. Further guidance is available on the DEFRA website.

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Dogs: Electric Shock Equipment

Anne Snelgrove: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) what research his Department has (a) commissioned, (b) conducted and (c) evaluated on the effects of the use of electric shock collars on dogs; [193841]

(2) how much his Department has spent on research into electric shock collar use on dogs in each of the last 10 years. [193842]

Jonathan Shaw: In 2006, the Department carried out a literature search and evaluated all the available peer-reviewed scientific studies on the welfare consequences of electronic training aids for dogs. Because the available evidence was not sufficient to fully inform policy, we have commissioned research to run from 2007 to 2010 at a cost of £469,000. We have also asked the Companion Animal Welfare Council, an advisory body on companion animal welfare matters, to take forward an independent study of the available evidence on the use of these electronic training aids to complement our funded research. We have not commissioned or conducted any other research on this subject during the last 10 years.

Dogs: Licensing

Derek Wyatt: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) if he will introduce dog licences; [194531]

(2) if he will introduce compulsory micro-chipping of dogs. [194532]

Jonathan Shaw [holding answer 14 March 2008]: DEFRA is not planning to introduce mandatory dog licenses nor compulsory microchipping of dogs, with the exception of types of dogs covered by the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (as amended 1997) which must be microchipped by their owners. DEFRA supports voluntary identification, whereby dog owners voluntarily undertake to have their pets permanently identified and registered on nationwide databases.

Dogs: Noise

Geraldine Smith: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what mechanisms are available to deal with noise pollution from barking dogs; and if he will make a statement. [194032]

Jonathan Shaw: Local authorities have a statutory duty to investigate complaints in England and Wales under the Environmental Protection Act 1990.

Section 79 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (as amended) lists what is capable of being a statutory nuisance. At section 79 (1) (a) is

At section 79 (f) is

and at section 79 (g) is

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“Premises” can be dwellings; places of business, trade or industry; land; beaches; vessels; and the sea (for noise nuisance “premises” can also be vehicles and loudspeakers on the street).

In 2005, DEFRA published “Constant Barking Can Be Avoided: Offering Guidance To Dog Owners”, for use by environmental health practitioners and dog wardens. DEFRA also published the leaflet “Is your dog barking too much?” for the owners of noisy dogs.


Mr. Graham Stuart: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs when he last discussed marine aggregate dredging with his counterparts in the European Union; what the outcome of such discussions was; and if he will make a statement. [193744]

Jonathan Shaw: I have had no recent discussions with European Union Ministers on marine aggregate dredging.

Mr. Graham Stuart: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what percentage of sand and gravel extracted from the coastline through marine aggregate dredging was exported to another EU member state in each of the last 10 years; and if he will make a statement. [193745]

Jonathan Shaw: DEFRA do not record detailed statistical information pertaining to the export of marine aggregates since this is generated for, and kept by, the Crown Estate.

Exports of marine aggregates from UK licensed areas account for about one-third of the total production. It is important to note that this material is not extracted from the UK coastline, but from licensed offshore dredging areas following a comprehensive environmental impact assessment.

The following table (courtesy of the Crown Estate) outlines the percentage of aggregates extracted from Crown Estate licences within the UK seabed.

Total UK aggregates landed from Crown Estate licensed areas (tonnes) Percentage UK landed aggregates exported to EU member states


































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