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|Table 2: Estimates of numbers and prevalence of 16 to 59 -year-olds who have used any form of cocaine in the last year. 1996 to 2006-07 BC S|
|Best estimate||Lower estimate||Higher estimate||% of 16 to 24 year olds||Statistically significant change 1996||Unweighted base|
| Notes: 1. The values are derived by adding or subtracting the confidence interval around the 2006-07 sample best estimates. Lower and higher estimates are based on 95 per cent. confidence intervals (calculated using a logit transformation where proportions were less than 0.2 or greater than 0.8). 2. The figures are calculated using population estimates provided by the Government Actuary's Department.|
Mr. Ruffley: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many persistent and prolific offenders have been identified in each police force area in each of the last three years for which figures are available. 
Mr. Coaker: Data from the performance management arrangements for the Prolific and other Priority Offender programme provides the number of such offenders identified through partnership arrangements in each police force area. The data are provided in the following table. The data cover the three years from January 2005 up to December 2007, and are the most recent data available. These figures rely on the accuracy and completeness of the data provided locally by prolific and priority offender schemes.
|Police force area||1 January 2005 to 31 December 2005||1 January 2006 to 31 December 2006||1 January 2007 to 31 December 2007|
Mr. Evans: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what guidance has been provided to police forces in England and Wales on dealing with fraud associated with boiler room operations. 
Mr. Coaker: The Government have not issued specific guidance to police forces on dealing with boiler room fraud but aim to deliver a multi-agency response to major frauds including boiler-room frauds. Law enforcement agencies, Government Departments and regulators have already worked together on several initiatives and the City of London Police has established Operation Archway, a national intelligence reporting system for boiler room fraud.
Action against boiler rooms will be strengthened further by the creation of the National Fraud Strategic Authority, which will co-ordinate national counter-fraud efforts. In parallel, the creation of a National Fraud Reporting Centre will boost the ability of law enforcement agencies to take intelligence-led action against complex fraud networks, such as those responsible for boiler rooms.
Mr. Coaker: The arrests collection undertaken by the Ministry of Justice provides data on persons arrested for recorded crime (notifiable offences), by age group, gender, ethnicity, and main offence group, i.e. robbery, burglary, fraud and forgery etc. From data reported centrally we are not able to identify specific offences of fraud from within the main fraud and forgery offence group.
Similarly, the data held centrally by the Ministry of Justice on the court proceedings database does not contain information about the circumstances behind each case. As a result offences of fraud by boiler room operations cannot be separately identified from other offences under section 1 of the Fraud Act 2006.
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