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Peter Bottomley: To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster what the average hourly earnings of (a) women and (b) men undertaking part-time (i) manual and (ii) non-manual work was in each of the last five years; and what average hourly earnings for (A) women and (B) men in part-time work were in each such year. 
As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question asking what the average hourly earnings of (a) women and (b) men doing part-time (i) manual and (ii) non-manual work was in each of the last five years; and what the average hourly earnings for (A) women and (B) men was in part-time work in each such year. (206319)
Average levels of earnings are estimated from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE). The ASHE, carried out in April each year, is the most comprehensive source of earnings information in the United Kingdom. It is a sample of employees who are members of pay-as-you-earn (PAYE) schemes.
I attach a table for the last five years, showing the average hourly earnings for UK manual and non-manual part-time employees.
|Gross hourly pay (£)part-time employee jobs( 1) : United Kingdom|
|(1) Employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey pay-period was not affected by absence.|
(2) 2004 results excluding supplementary survey for comparison with 2003.
(3) 2004 results including supplementary surveys designed to improve coverage of the survey (for more information see National Statistics website www.statistics.gov.uk).
(4) 2006 results are methodology consistent with 2005.
(5) 2006 results are methodology consistent with 2007.
1. The manual/non-manual classification is derived from National Statistics Socio-economic Classification (NS-SEC). Further information is available at:
2. Values 1 and 2 of the Three Class split define non-manual and Value 3 defines manual. It is important to note that a manual/non-manual split derived from NS-SEC is not the same as the manual/non-manual split used in NES 2002 and earlier.
Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, Office for National Statistics. 2003-07
Edward Miliband: In 2007-08, the Cabinet Office built one smoking shelter, to replace an earlier temporary shelter located at the rear of 70 Whitehall building. This is also located at the rear of 70 Whitehall.
Mr. Crabb: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development on what occasions bilateral aid has been reduced or interrupted because (a) a partner government had moved significantly away from agreed poverty reduction outcomes, (b) a partner government was in significant violation of human rights or other international obligations and (c) there had been a significant breakdown in partner government financial management and accountability since March 2005. 
Mr. Malik: The Department for International Development (DFID) reported information on aid reductions and interruptions since March 2005 in its departmental reports for 2006, 2007 and 2008. All the reports can be found on the DFID website:
Mr. Douglas Alexander: The Department for International Development's (DFID) humanitarian policy seeks to ensure that priority needs are met in emergency situations. In an emergency, education is considered alongside other humanitarian needs and is funded in situations where it is considered high priority by the UN Humanitarian Co-ordinator in the affected country. UNICEF and Save the Children share responsibility for ensuring that education needs are met, which includes demonstrating education needs to the Humanitarian Co-ordinator.
Mr. Malik: According to available data (the government of India National Sample Survey 2004-05) there are 70 million child labourers in India or a quarter of all child labourers in the world. A large proportion of India's child labourers are Dalit (formerly untouchables) and Adivasi (tribal) children. The majority of working children live in rural areas, with over 80 per cent. of them employed in agricultural and non-formal sectors and many in bonded labour.
The Department for International Development (DFID) supports the government of India and other partners to protect children in India. For example, DFID India supports the government's flagship programme for universal elementary education, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA). Studies of child migrant labourers have found that discouragement at school was one of the factors that pushed children into work. Increasing enrolment, retention and reducing drop out rates are central to the SSA programme, which has also pioneered bridge schools designed to bring working children back into mainstream education. DFID India's strategic partnership with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) is contributing directly to the elimination of child labour in Andhra Pradesh. The project has been successful in helping government of Andhra Pradesh to reduce the number of child labourers in the state from 1.3 million to 0.2 million by 2007. Working with government, civil society, employers and trade unions an innovative model for reducing child labour in urban areas has been developed and is now being promoted nationally by the ILO.
Mr. Malik: The Department for International Development (DFID) has spent £161 million since 2005 in support of the Indian government's flagship Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) universal elementary education programme: £58 million in 2005-06; £50 million in 2006-07; and £53 million in 2007-08.
SSA is the central government's prime vehicle for delivering on the universal primary education (UPE) millennium development goal (MDG) in India. The aim is to ensure that by 2010 all children in India are receiving eight years of basic education of acceptable quality, regardless of sex, caste, creed, family income or location. In addition to SSA, in the last three years DFID has also provided £27 million in support of primary education in the State of Orissa and £9.2 million in support of primary education in West Bengal.
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