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|Police officer female and male Recruits( 1) to Essex police from 2002-03 to 2006-07( 2) (FTE)( 3)|
|Female recruit||Male recruit|
|(1 )Recruits included those officers joining as police standard direct recruits and those who were previously special constables. This excludes police officers on transfers from other forces and those rejoining.|
(2 )Financial year runs 1 April to 31 March inclusive. Comparable data are not available prior to 2002-03.
(3) Full-time equivalent figures that have been rounded to the nearest whole number. Because of rounding, there may be an apparent discrepancy between total and the sums of the constituent items.
(4 )Excludes quarters 1, 2, and 3 data not available.
Mr. Hoban: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many (a) stab-proof and (b) gun-proof vests are available per (i) police officer and (ii) full-time equivalent police officer in each police force area. 
Ann Winterton: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what guidance is issued to police forces on the procedures and protocols to be followed by police officers in the use of incapacitant spray; and what codes of practice are in force. 
Mr. McNulty [holding answer 9 May 2008]: The Association of Chief Police Officers issued guidance on the use of incapacitant spray in September 2006 providing police officers and other police staff with an overarching, generic approach to the use of incapacitant spray to underpin the specific training provided to all staff issued with incapacitant spray. The code of practice for police use of firearms and less lethal weapons issued in 2003 applies to incapacitant sprays as any other less lethal weapon.
The Home Office Scientific Development Branch also issues a technical standard for CS and PAVA sprays for operational police use to ensure incapacitant sprays supplied to the police are manufactured to a consistent standard and are designed to meet operational requirements. The standard was last updated in 2005 and will be updated again in 2008.
Mr. Amess: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if she will bring forward legislation to outlaw Hizbullah in the United Kingdom; what recent representations she has received on the issue; and if she will make a statement. 
The consequence of proscription is that specific criminal offences apply in relation to the Hezbollah External Security Organisation under the Terrorism Act 2000. These include membership of the organisation, support for the organisation and wearing clothes or displaying articles arousing reasonable suspicion as to membership of the organisation. Further general criminal offences exist under the Terrorism Act 2000 in relation to fundraising and various uses of money or property for the purposes of terrorism.
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many people were (a) arrested and (b) successfully prosecuted for (i) kerb-crawling
and (ii) running a brothel in each police authority area in each of the last 10 years. 
Mr. Coaker: The information requested regarding arrests is not collected centrally. The arrests collection undertaken by the Ministry of Justice provides data on persons arrested for recorded crime (notifiable offences) only, by age group, gender, ethnicity, and main offence group, i.e. robbery, burglary, sexual offences etc. From data reported centrally we are not able to identify the specific offences from within the main sexual offences group.
The information regarding successful prosecutions for the offences of kerb crawling' and brothel keeping' is provided in the table. The figures for brothel keeping encompass the full range of related offences. There are eight such offences, including: keeping a brothel'; letting premises for use as a brothel'; and tenant permitting premises to be used for prostitution'.
The figures provided relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offence for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences, the offence selected is the one for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.
|Number of persons found guilty at all courts for 'brothel keeping' and 'kerb crawling' offences, by police force area, England and Wales 1997-2006( 1, 2)|
|Police force area||1997||1998||1999||2000||2001||2002||2003||2004||2005||2006|
|(1) These data are on the principal offence basis. (2) Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used. Note: Where a police force area does not appear in the table there have been no convictions within that area for kerb crawling or brothel keeping. Source: Court proceedings databaseOffice for Criminal Justice ReformMinistry of justice.|
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